Chapter 15-2 Climate regions

advertisement
Chapter 15-2 Climate regions
1. What factors are used to classify
climate?
2. What are the five major climate
regions
Classifying Climate
• Climate is Classified by two major factors.
– Temperature
– Precipitation
• Five main climate types
– Tropical rainy
– Dry
– Temperate Marine
– Temperate continental
– Polar
Tropical Rainy Climates
• Tropical types
– Wet
– dry
• Tropical Wet
– Many rainy days
– Lush vegetation
– Rain forests
• Tropical Dry
– Less rainfall
– Grass lands
– Savannah
Dry Climate
• Arid or semiarid
• Arid –
– Less than 25 cm of precipitation per year
– Cactus
– Yucca
– Southwest US
• Semi arid
– edge of deserts
– Grasses and low bushes
– Called a Steppe or prairie
– The Great Plains
Temperate Marine Climate
• Three Types
• Marine West Coast
– North of 40 Lat and South of 40 Lat
– Humid cool rainy summers and mild rainy winters.
– Produce large forests
• Mediterranean
– Drier and warmer than the west coast
– Dense shrubs and small trees
– In California olives grapes and oranges are grown in this zone
• Humid Sub-Tropical
–
–
–
–
–
The warmest region
Hot wet summers
Cool Winters
Houston, new Orleans
Mixed forest of Pine, oak, ash, hickory
Temperate Continental Climate
• Two types
• Humid Continental
– North East US
– Mixed forest
– Warm humid summers
• Subartic
–
–
–
–
Russia, Canada, Alaska
Winters are long and cold
Coniferous tres
Large mammals
Polar Climate
• Two Zones
• Ice Cap
–
–
–
–
Greenland and Antarctica
Temperature below freezing
Land is covered with ice
Few low plants
• Tundra
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Alaska, Russia, Canada
Short Cool Summer
Bitterly cold winters
Permafrost
Mosquitoes
Caribou
Musk oxen
Wolves
Highlands
•
•
•
•
Lower temperature than surrounding areas
Animals typical of the subarctic
Moose, porcupines
Few trees above timberline
Summary
• What two factors are used to classify climate?
• Temperature, and Precipitation
• What are five Major Climate zones
– Tropical-Hot rainy, dry- little precipitation,
temperate marine- humid and mild, temperate
continental- warm summers cold winters, Polarcool summers cold winters
Download
Related flashcards

Languages of Oman

16 cards

Languages of Libya

14 cards

Languages of Tunisia

14 cards

World economy

12 cards

Languages of Togo

34 cards

Create Flashcards