Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing

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Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
After completing this lesson, you have learned to
answer:
1. How do you select a chili pepper hybrid or variety
for your locality?
2. What are the chili pepper hybrids or improved
varieties recommended for kharif and rabi
seasons?
3. How adoption of improved variety helps in chili
pepper cultivation?
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Most of the local tall varieties of chili pepper grown
in various states are of long duration (5-7 months)
with poor yielding potential.
Local varieties vary in their sensitivity to both
temperature and photoperiod.
Improved hybrids and other varieties had yielded
about 80-100 percent more than the local tall
Cultivars.
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Selection of chili pepper cultivars depends mainly on the
following factors:
•
•
•
•
•
·
Method Of Sowing
Crop Rotation
Pest and Disease
Irrigation Facilities
Climatic Conditions
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Natural selection and domestication over thousands
of years have resulted in the development of
numerous varieties highly local in their adaptation.
Most of the improved varieties prior to 1960 are the
result of selections among the principle local
Cultivars.
Changes in yield levels with these improved verities
were not substantial.
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Research efforts, which began with the development of
commercial chili pepper hybrids during 1962, now lay
equal emphasis on hybrid as well as on true-breeding
varieties.
This is necessary to bring about an eventual
transformation.
A choice of hybrids as well as of improved varieties is
now available for the different pepper-growing states and
situations.
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Cultivars recommended for kharif and specially to manage
drought.
State of Pepper
Capsicum Annum
Hybrids
Recommendation / Comments
F1 Hybrid Chili Pepper
Light soil areas
Garden Salsa
Medium to heavy soils
50 "super Chili F1 Hybrid"
Pepper
Low rainfall areas,
F1 Hybrid Inchanga Chili
Pepper
Normal rainfall and midge endemic
areas
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Cultivars recommended:
State of Pepper
Non Hybrids
Capsicum Annum Anaheim
Recommendation / Comments
Anchos, Serrano
frequently used to make
decorative wall hangings
Normal rainfall areas
Long Slim Cayenne
used to make fiery hot sauces.
Orange Habanero,
Early Jalapeno
Entire state
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Cultivars recommended:
State of pepper
Capsicum frutescens
Varieties
Recommendation / Comments
African Bird's
Eye or African
devil
Low rainfall areas
Malagueta
pepper
Normal rainfall areas
Tabasco pepper Late kharif
Bird's Eye chili
Entire state
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Cultivars recommended:
State of pepper
Capsicum chinense
Varieties
Recommendation / Comments
Adjuma
(Suriname)
Low rainfall areas
Habanero chile
Normal rainfall areas
Naga Jolokia
pepper
Late kharif
Arriba Saia
Entire state. Mostly grow in Brazil
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Cultivars recommended:
State of pepper
Capsicum baccatum
Capsicum pubescens
Varieties
Recommendation / Comments
Peppadew
Peruvian hot pepper, is a unique
species of chili pepper
Lemon Drop
Normal rainfall areas
Rocoto
Common in Peru, Bolivia, Northern
Chile, Northern Argentina, and Ecuador
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Popular chili pepper Cultivars
Bolivian rainbow
C.Annuum
Stunding ornamental pepper plant
produces heavy yields of 1 1/2"
long by1/2" wide tear drops shaped
hot fruits, multycolor change to fife
different colors from purple to
yellow to cream to orange & finaly
red.
Origin:Bolivia Item
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Popular chili pepper Cultivars
ACI SIVRI
C.Annuum
ACI SIVRI - medium; Cayenne Type;
6 to 8 inches long by 0.5 to 0.75
inches wide; medium thin flesh;
matures from pale green to red;
pendant pods; green leaves; 18 to
24 inches tall; Mid Season; Uses:
Drying, Pickling; from Turkey; pods
are often curled and twisted.
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Popular chili pepper Cultivars
AFRICAN PEQUIN
Hot; Pequin/Piquin Type; 0.5 to
0.75 inches long by 0.375 to 0.5
inches wide; thin flesh; matures
from green to red; pendant
pods; dark green leaves; 24 to
30 inches tall; Very Late
Season; Uses: Drying, Prolific;
from Africa; C. annuum.
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Popular chili pepper Cultivars
Tabasco pepper
C. frutescens cultivars,
the tabasco plant has a typical
bushy growth, which
commercial cultivation makes
stronger by trimming the
plants. The tapered fruits,
around 4 cm long, are initially
pale yellowish-green and turn
yellow and orange before
ripening to bright red
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Popular chili pepper Cultivars
Naga Jolokia pepper
C. chinense
Jolokia is a naturallyoccurring interspecific hybrid
from the Assam region of
northeastern India. It grows in
the Indian states of Assam,
Nagaland and Manipur, and the
Sylhet region of Bangladesh. It
can also be found in rural Sri
Lanka where it is known as Nai
Mirris (Cobra Chilli).
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Popular chili pepper Cultivars
Lemon drop
C. baccatum
Lemon drop is a hot, citrusflavored pepper is a
popular seasoning pepper
in Peru where it is known as
Kellu Uchu. It is also known
in the anglophone world as
'Hot lemon' or 'Lemon
Drop'. The bright yellow,
crinkled, cone-shaped fruits
.
Module VIII: Seeds and Sowing
Lesson 2: Chili Pepper Cultivars
Popular chili pepper Cultivars
Rocoto pepper
C. pubescens is a species
of flowering plant in the
nightshade family,
solanaceae, that is common
in Peru, Bolivia, Northern
Chile, Northern Argentina,
and Ecuador. Its fruit is a
medium-sized round chili
pepper known as a rocoto
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