Planting for Bees

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Planting for
Bees
Patti Koranda
ISU Beekeeping Club
Bee + Flower = Honey
Bee Friendly
Gardens
Planting
guideline
Bee Friendly
Water sources
Plant suggestion
Planting Guidelines
 Sunny
location preferred
 Protected from the wind
 Several types of flowers
 Blooming continuously early spring to late fall
 Native bees adapted best to native plants
 Guideline are good for other insects,
butterflies and birds too
 Urban area may be better that country area
Plant suggestions-learn about
your natives
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Native plants are 4 times more attractive than exotic
flowers
Herbs, annual, perennials, heirloom can provide good
foraging
Flowers and bees help each other
Allow plants to flower
Dead heading plants may increase blooms
Avoid hybrids with double blooms-less nectar or pollen
Plants may be host to caterpillars
Could be called ‘weeds’
Avoid invasive plants
Some may be trees or shrubs
Seasonal
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Plan to have something is bloom all season
long – early spring, summer until late fall
Plant at least 3 different types of flowers per
season
Bees and Butterflies fly at different time
They appreciate a garden with varieties of
flowers and long season of blooms
Perennials may have a delay in a new garden
before they start blooming
Annuals help to fill in bloom times before
perennials become established
Plant different types of flowers
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Plant a wide variety of flowers
Plant in clumps rather than single plant
The family of bees range in size
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Minute sweat bees to robust carpenter bees
The have different tongue lengths
Some flowers are flat, daisy like flowers
Some flowers are tubular blossoms
They are attracted to bright colors, blue,
white, purple
They see in ultraviolet colors
What Bees See
 We
see in Red, Blue, Yellow
 Bees see UV, Blue, Green (think color blind)
 Bees do not see Red
Image of UV Flowers
Pollination Facts
 75%
of plants are pollinated by animals
 1/3 of out food depends on
pollinator/plant interaction
 Many plants cannot reproduce without
the help of pollinators
 Landing Platforms helpful
Nectar
 Nectar
is a sweet liquid made in special
glands called nectaries that are found on
flowering plants
 Nectaries are most often found by the
base of a flower’s petals
 Nectar is the reward given to insects and
small animals
 Nectar is the base ingredient of honey
Anatomy of a Flower
Invasive Plants
http://www.invasive.org/species/list.cfm?id=152
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Invasive plants are ones that out compete native
plants to the native detriment
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Thistle – bull, Canada, milk
Garlic mustard
Queen Anne lace
Chicory
Oxeye Daisy
Purple Loosestrife
Yellow sweet clover
Multiflora rose
Purple crown vetch
Japanese barberry
Honeysuckle-Trumpet, Japanese
Oriental bittersweet
Bee Friendly
A
well run ecological garden attracts
birds and beneficial insects that help
control pests
 Avoid insecticides, they are non selective
 Fungicides are also dangerous
 BT-bacillus thuringiensis
 Neonicotinoids
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An insecticidal coating on seeds to prevent
insect damage
Strongly suspected of being systemic (it
stays inside the plant cells, in the blooms)
Water Source
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Bees need water
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Bees can drown
Floating Landing platform needed
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Hydration-digestion, metabolism, brood, queen
Temperature and humidity regulation
Stick, log, piece of wood, water plants, cork
Ponds
Streams
Puddles
Dew
Garden Water Features (fountains)
Can add hive water bottle
Pools are not good
Spring Plants
 Spring
difficult time for native bees
 Urban areas typically has few early
blooming annuals
 Some flourish is areas that become shady
as trees leaf out *
 Weather inconsistent
Native Early Spring Bloomers
 Native
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Perennials
Columbine*
Crocus-Prairie
Violets
Bluebells *
Virginia waterleaf *
Wild geranium *
Wild Indigo
 Weeds
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Dandelions
Native Early Spring Bloomers cont.
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Trees and shrubs
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Fruit trees-apple peach, cherry, crabapple
Dogwood – trees and shrubs
Chokecherry
Lilac
Red Bud
Raspberry
Rose
Serviceberry
Strawberry
Viburnum
Willow
Wild Plum
Black locust
Many of these are good for birds too
Native Summer Bloomers
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Native Perennials
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Beebalm
Black-eyed Susan
Blazing Star
Clover
Compass plant
Cup Plant
Mint
Phlox
Purple Cone flower
Spiderwort
Coreopsis (tickseed)
Yarrow
Native ‘Weeds’
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Butterfly Weed
Milkweed
Additional Summer Bloomers
(non native)
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Squash plants
Pumpkins
Pepper
Beans
Tomatoes
Eggplant
Potatoes
Basil
Cosmos
Lavender
Rosemary
Marigolds
Zinnia
Native Late Summer-Fall
Bloomers
 Native
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Perennials
Aster
Goldenrod
Sunflowers
 ‘Weeds’
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Joe-pye weed
Ironweed
Credits
Helpful sites
 Ecological
 Kelly
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Gardening.net
Allsup
Horticulture Extension Educator, U of I
extension
http://web.extension.illinois.edu
 http://beespotter.mste.illinois.edu
 http://urbanext.illinois.edu/wildflowers/dir
ectory.cfm
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