Puerto Rico Español II EL MAPA Shade in Puerto Rico Label on the map: • Mar Caribe • Océano Atlántico • Golfo de México • República Dominicana Puerto Rico Arecibo San Juan El Yunque Humacao Ponce La Bandera • The Puerto Rican flag was designed after the Cuban flag with the colors inverted as a sign of solidarity with Cuba. • Red stripes symbolize the 'blood' of brave warriors • White stripes symbolize victory, liberty and independence. • Blue triangle represents both the three sides of government and the blue waters of the ocean • White star symbolizes the island-country of Puerto Rico Ellas son puertorriqueñas o boricuas. Puerto Rico La capital El Desayuno Desayuno tipico en Puerto Rico: huevos, pan, fruta El Almuerzo Mofongo is a popular dish in Puerto Rico and is made with mashed fried green plantains and filled with beef, pork or seafood. Las Meriendas Pastelillos (a la izquierda) Tostones (bajo)-fried plantains Alcapurrias (centro)ground beef, yautia (taro root), and green banana fritters los pastelillos La Cena Pernil-oven baked seasoned pork Arroz con Gandules-Rice with Pigeon Peas Gobierno de Puerto Rico • A democracy within the US Constitutional system • Puerto Rico’s government consists of Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, with all elective positions tested by the ballot every four years. • Legal protection is provided by the Constitutions of Puerto Rico and United States, with ultimate appeal to the US Supreme Court Otros factos Commonwealth Local autonomy Gov’t falls under the US congress Use US postal service Use US dollar US flag flies over the PR capital Can serve in US armed services People from PR are US citizens If they live in PR, they can’t vote for the US president PR has a delegate in Congress who can vote in committee but not on the floor Líder y Titulo • Luis G. Fortuño elected as Puerto Rican governor since January 2, 2009 • Term length is four years, no term limit • The governor must be a citizen of the United States, a resident of Puerto Rico for five consecutive years, and at least 35 years old at the time of the election. Famous Puerto Rican: José Campeche • Considered the first wellknown painter from Puerto Rico • Born in 1752 to a African freed slave and a Canary Islander (Spain) • No formal schooling in art or painting • Very prolific painter, painting religious images and political figures, example at left is called Don José Más Ferrer Famous Puerto Rican • Sonia SotomayorFirst Hispanic Supreme Court Justice • Born in New York City to Puerto Rican parents • Graduated from Princeton University and Yale Law School Festivales: El Carnaval en Ponce, Puerto Rico • A festival that has been held for over 200 years, it's the epitome of all things boricua, and an annual testament to Puerto Ricans' capacity for whimsy and revelry. • The celebration takes place in February, in the days leading up to Ash Wednesday and the start of Lent. • The vejigantes are, in a word, demons. More to the point, the vejigante is a figure straight out of a centuries-old folklore that blends African, Spanish, and Caribbean cultures. Las Parrandas • Christmas caroling Puerto Rican style. • Friends gather late in the evening to go from one house to the next singing traditional songs. • The parranderos must surprise the unsuspecting friends and wake them with their music. • At each house they stop for a while and party, then they go to the next house. • At each stop the owners of the house join the parranda and it grows in numbers during the evening oftentimes going until dawn. Independencia • Puerto Rico came under United States rule on December 10, 1898 • Puerto Ricans have been US citizens since 1917. • In July 1950, the US Congress enacted Public Law 600. It provided that existing laws which defined the political, economic, and fiscal relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States should remain in full force. It also authorized Puerto Rico to draft and approve its own Constitution, which took effect on July 25, 1952. • Puerto Rico’s relationship with the US is referred to as commonwealth status. Más Información • Before European contact, the inhabitants of Puerto Rico called the island, Borikén (alt. Borinquén) and themselves "Boricuas". • In 1993, Puerto Rico celebrated the 500th anniversary of its discovery by Columbus • Puerto Rico is a territory of the US, but the people of Puerto Rico do not vote in national elections. • The living wage in Puerto Rico is $15,080.00 (before taxes) per year. The national poverty line for a family of two is $14,570 per year. • The literacy rate in Puerto Rico is 94.1%. (US is 99%) Timbaleros • Timbaleros are people that play timbales, which are typical salsa drums that are popular in tropical music. • Common types of music that use timbales are plena, bomba, salsa y folkloric music. Para las vacaciones Viejo San Juan-el Castillo de San Felipe del Morro (“El Morro”) Estaba construida en 1539. La Plaza las Américas en San Juan, es el centro comercial más grande en el Caribe. El Dólar Puerto Rico usa el dólar estadounidense.