Great Depression impact on Women and Minorities

 What are some issues Minorities may have faced that
others did not have to deal with during the G D?
 Life improved in 1920’s North East
 Harlem renaissance- literature, education, and pride NY
 1920’s Southern Blacks economic stagnation
 ½ of all blacks lived in the South
 Compromised many low wage high labor jobs
 Lost farms as cotton prices and other crops dropped
 Blacks would be fired from low pay jobs to open the job for
white men
 Black women would lose domestic servant jobs to white
 1932 General Pop 25% unemployment African American 75%
 40% of Black workers lost their jobs
 How could the government solve this inequality?
 Did benefit from Federal aid programs
 Public Works Administration &Works Progress
 A stipulation in these programs was to hire minorities
 Blacks made ¼ of residents in Fed Housing Project
 FDR forced nondiscrimination in hiring of Fed jobs
 Black Cabinet- Group of African American leaders
under Roosevelt.
 Advised President on race issues and getting New Deal
support to Blacks
 Pushed by Eleanor Roosevelt
 William Hastie and Mary McLeod Bethune Key
members of the cabinet
 AAA- Denied support to tenant farms because they
did not own land
 Federal programs at the local level would deny relief
for blacks
 Racist managers at the local level made this choice and
would not be caught
 Intimidations and lynching increased during the Great
 What was the goal of the Black Cabinet?
 NAACP pushed Federal Law outlawing lynching but
did not pass
 White southern Democrats did not allow it to pass
 South was unsafe for many blacks
 What would you do if you were a Black Southerner
during the Great Depression?
 Worsening social and economic inequality in the South forced ½ million
to move to northern cites to find work.
 factories and business began closing down and unemployment
 Over all Blacks suffered More during the Great Depression
 NAACP supported
striking white union
 IN Return White Unions
began allowing blacks in
 500,000 blacks joined
labor unions
 There was about 2 million Latinos in the US most in
the South West
 Most Latinos worked low wage labor jobs in
agriculture or industry
 Families would follow the crops working in various
areas yearly
 Jobs went to migrant whites
 Many relocated to cities Creating ethnic
neighborhoods “Barrios
 New Deal Program Managers
denied giving Latinos benefits
and jobs claiming they were not
 Many were citizens and still were
denied rights
 Some areas Mexican Americans
were denied access to school or
service at hospitals
 Seen as unwanted immigrants
and competition for jobs(despite
many being citizens)
 What is a similarity and a difference between the
struggles of Blacks and Latinos during the Great Dep.
 With influx of Latinos entering cities in search of jobs like LA
 Local governments to clear cities out of new migrants via forced
Raids would gather up Mexican Americans and deport to Mexico
Thousands of those deported were American Born US citizens
Intimidations and deportations caused 500,000 to voluntarily return to
Nearly half of all Latinos were forced to relocate during the Great Dep
 Increased responsibility- fend for themselves and
family when men went out to find work
 The View was jobs should go to men
 women should remain at home take care of family
 Women made up only 25% of the work force
Men, unions, and government were not ready to
accept working women, and
 this bias caused females intense hardship during the
Great Depression.
 How have opinions changed in today's society
 Poorest- need to keep food n the table for family
 Middle Class- women worked to maintain level of life.
 Standard of living went up in the 1920’s families had to
work harder to keep that standard
 Consumerism and material comforts of the 1920’s
 Working wives also expected to maintain the
 Working Married women increase by 50% 1930’s
 Women were pushed out traditional jobs like teaching
and into clerical , retail jobs, and domestic work
 Many educated women took positions well below their
 What group of women would have the hardest time
finding jobs?
 Those who could not find jobs created their own small
business- Need to keep family financially in tact
 Black women lost jobs as cooks, maids, nurses, and
 Created small business with Boarding houses and
Beauty parlors
 Since so many Blacks migrated north Women opened
homes to migrants
 White owned salons did not cater to blacks open up
beauty shops in homes
 These business helped generate income for families and
needed little investment
 Eleanor Roosevelt championed women's rights
 1st Female cabinet member –Secretary of Labor Frances
 New Deal programs also hired many women
 Problem -New Deal policies targeted at Men and
primary bread winners
 Many jobs were labor intensive
 Women were hired in clerical needs in various New Deal
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