Yuma Territorial Prison 1876 – 1909 and Beyond Why the Prison was built? County prisons were found unsafe. They were easy to breakout of. 1875 – Legislature authorized $25,000 for the building of the prison First Prisoners Criminals were sent to Yuma to build the prison. After Prison was built those prisoners stayed to become the first inmates. Model of Prison Opinion of Prison Yuma Citizens – “Country Club on the Colorado River” Prisoners – “Hell Hole” Amenities Modern Hospital w/ Dental Electricity Blowers to blow cool air Library which taught: – Reading – Writing – Arithmetic – German and Spanish – Music (Prison Band) Library Life in a Cell 6 to a cell Bucket as a bathroom Roach Infested Bath 1 a week – Lice – Bed bugs Cells Cells Reasons to be sent to Yuma Murder Theft Embezzlement Forgery Polygamy Adultery Funny Funny Funny One man was sent to prison because he seduced a women by making her think he would marry her. Women at Yuma 29 women in total Pearl Hart – – – – Most famous criminal Robbed Stage Coach Bad Criminal and Bad Actor after prison. Newspapers made her more famous by embellishing stories of her. Maria Moreno – Shot her brother for complaining about how she danced Pearl Hart Rules No Making Weapons No Gambling No Fighting No Littering Required to take a bath Consequences Ball and Chain Dark Cell – Cut 15 ft. into hillside. – Cage in middle – Chained to cage – Completely dark – Feed Bread and Water – Didn’t care how cramped it was Dark Cell Escaping 140 attempts 26 successful Death 111 deaths at prison – 4 buried in prison cemetery – 46 = Consumption (TB) – 8 shot = attempting to escape – 2 = falling rocks – 2 = rattlesnake bites – Several Suicides – Several Murders Closure (1909) Prison was Overcrowded Larger prison was built in Florence Since Closure Local High School – Yuma High – Booooooooooooooo!!!!!!!!!!! Homeless Shelter Movie Set Distruction – Floods – Theft – Building Ocean to Ocean Bridge Yuma High Yuma High Class of 1911 Movies “3:10 to Yuma” 1957 Glenn Ford “26 Men” 1957 Tristram Coffin “Rawhide” 1959 Clint Eastwood “The Comancheros” 1961 John Wayne Mentioned on such shows as “Gunsmoke” “The Rifleman” and “Bonanza” “The Wild Bunch” 1969 Albert Dekker and Robert Ryan Prison Today 1941 turned into Museum 1961 made a state park and is still currently a state park Video http://azstateparks.com/Parks/YUTE /index.html Directions: Answer the following questions in complete sentences. 1. Name a minimum of 3 items that occupied/used the prison after it was closed. 2. How many attempted an escape from the prison? How many people were successful in escaping from the prison? What percentage of people were successful? More Questions 3. Name 3 famous actors who starred in films that took place at the prison. 4. Why was one of the rules at the prison for all inmates to take a weekly bath? 5. Why did the Prison close down? More Questions 6. The Yuma Territorial Prison is much smaller today then it was 100 years ago. What has caused the prison to shrink in size? 7. Explain what you believe was going through the heads of the inmates who were housed in the Dark Cell. More Questions 8. Who built the prison and what happened to these men after the prison was built? 9. Name two women housed at the prison and what crimes they committed. 10. What made the prison one of the most modern prisons of the time?