Measuring The Economic Impact of Boys and Girls Clubs

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Jamshid Damooei, PhD
Alidad Damooei
Project Consultants
Damooei Global Research
1.
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4.
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6.
Purpose of this Study
Scope and Structure of the Study
Economic Impact Multipliers
Benefits of Boys & Girls Clubs for Club
Members
Economic Impact of Clubs on the Broader
Community
Qualitative Findings from the Surveys

Helps Ventura County Boys and Girls Clubs to
communicate the economic benefits created by the
organization through:
◦
◦
◦
◦




Generating regional economic growth and tax revenue
Saving government expenditure
Supporting family income
Creating a better future for youths
Attention to social cost and benefits as opposed to
private cost and benefits
Studying areas of economics that cannot be fully
captured by market forces
Value of social investment
Drawing attention to the principle that there is a clear
social cost for inaction that results in clear disinvestment
in our community
This study includes an extensive plan of research based on a number of objectives
that have not been yet pursued in such extensive extent in any similar study. The
efforts were also made to capture as much of these impact in monetary terms as
possible. These impacts include:
◦ Total employment and income impact of the clubs through its annual
expenditure including both operational and capital budgets.
◦ Impact of better education through higher graduation rates among youth who
attend the clubs on a regular basis.
◦ Lower teen pregnancy and motherhood rates which create an economic benefit.
◦ Impact of clubs’ enrichment programs that enable youth to resolve conflicts
and become more peaceful with their own peers and others in their
communities. This is measured by considering reductions in youth crime rates
and the savings that it generates in the community.
◦ Learning healthy living and its impact in reducing obesity and related diseases
that leads to lower productivity and an increase in long-term chronic diseases.
◦ The impact of clubs on parents’ ability to keep their jobs and allow parents to
attend school in order to upgrade their skills and reach a higher level of
productivity and earn a higher income.
◦ Strengthening and promoting volunteerism in the region.
Cost-Benefit Analysis of the
Boys & Girls Clubs in
Ventura County
$1.00
$11.72
$18.0 mil
cost
$3.0 mil
benefit
0.17 times
$18.0 mil
cost
$12.8 mil
benefit
0.71 times
$18.0 mil
cost
$21.4 mil
benefit
1.19 times
$18.0 mil
cost
$144.7 mil
benefit
8.04 times
$18.0 mil
cost
$29.0 mil
benefit
1.61 times
Understanding the economic
benefit derived by club
members through their
participation in the clubs




Improved rates of high school graduation
Reduced levels of teenage pregnancy and
motherhood
Cost savings generated by reductions in juvenile
criminal activity
Improved healthy habits and increased physical
activity
Improved rates of high school graduation:
Teen Birth Rates:
Selected Developed Countries and Most
Recent Year
United States (2002)
United Kingdom (1999)
Russian Federation (1999)
New Zealand (2000)
Portugal (2001)
Canada (1997)
Ireland (2001)
Australia (2000)
Israel (2000)
Austria (2001)
Belgium (1992)
Greece (1998)
Norway (2001)
Finland (2001)
Germany (1997)
France (2000)
Spain (1998)
Denmark (2001)
Italy (1999)
Sweden (2001)
Netherlands (2001)
Switzerland (2001)
Japan (2000)
0
10
20
30
40
Rate per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years
Source: United Nations Demographic Yearbook 2001, New York: United Nations, 2003.
50
Sources of Economic Cost Associated with Teen Motherhood








Some 52% of all mothers on welfare had their first child as a teenager
Teenage mothers are less likely to complete high school
Only 1.5% earns a college degree by the age of 30
More likely to depend on welfare
The children of teen mothers are more likely to perform poorly in school
The children of teen mothers are at greater risk of abuse and neglect
The sons of teen mothers are 13% more likely to end up in prison and are more
likely to commit more violent crimes
The daughters of teen mothers are more likely to become teen mothers
themselves
The Economic Costs to Tax Payers Include:





Public assistance expenditure.
Lost tax revenues
Health care costs for children of teen mothers
Criminal justice costs
Foster care costs
Costs saved for the tax payer through avoiding teenage motherhood
Lifetime earning losses that were avoided by female teens who did
not become teenage mothers:







According to a recent report published by the Legislative Analyst’s Office (LAO) in
January 2007 characteristics of the crime victims can be summed up as follows
Individuals between ages of 12 to 24 are more likely to commit and be the victim
of violent crimes. Indeed the probability of being the victim of crimes is
significantly lower for all other ages
The likelihood of being a victim of a violent crime was 45 percent higher for males
than for females
Violent victimization rates for blacks were 37 percent higher than those for whites
Hispanics had violent victimization rates 24 percent higher than whites
Black households were victims of property crimes at a rate 7 percent lower than
whites
Hispanic household victimization rates were 35 percent higher than whites
Poorer households were much more likely to experience an unlawful entry into
their homes (burglary) than wealthier households. However, while wealthier
households do not experience burglary as often, they were more likely to be
victims of theft, which includes the taking of household items, motor vehicle
accessories, or other objects without entry into the home
Q20. How long do you spend each day that you are in the BGC doing sports or other
physical activities?
50.0
45.0
40.0
35.0
Percent
30.0
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
Valid Percent
An hour or more
More than 30 minutes but less
than an hour
Some but less than 30 minutes
I do not do any exercise when
I am in BGC
44.7
32.7
14.3
8.3
Q21. Do you think that participating in sports and other physical activities in the BGC is
helping you become more physically fit?
70.0
60.0
Percent
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Yes
No
I am not sure
59.0
7.8
33.2
The ways the clubs serve the
economic interests of other
stakeholders in the
community
Q29. Sending my child(ren) to BGC enabled me to keep my job
40.0
35.0
Percent
30.0
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
37.5
31.4
8.1
8.9
Strongly
disagree
4.3
No Response
9.7
Q31. As a result of sending my child (children) to BGC I am now attending school to
receive a higher degree or certificate that will help me with my career
25.0
20.0
Percent
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
13.0
21.7
15.6
21.9
Strongly
disagree
6.8
No Response
21.0
Economic Impact of Clubs’ Expenditures on Creating Jobs and Tax
Revenue
This economic analysis measures the cumulative effects of spending
brought about by the activities of the Boys & Girls Clubs within its
region. This analysis, like any other with similar research, aimed to
measure the following impacts:
◦ Direct effects: Budgetary, capital, and other related expenditures that create
jobs and add to the production capacity of our region.
◦ Indirect effects: The economic activity generated among the region’s
businesses to meet the clubs’ demand for various products and services used
for its operations.
◦ Induced effects: The effects of expenditures made in the city/county/state by
club employees and others who receive income because of their work in
relation to the activities of the institution as a whole.
Surveys included questions
beyond those to determine the
economic impact of the clubs
This segment of the findings
can be used for the following purposes:
◦ Help the management to have a clear picture about the club members’ and
their parents’ feelings about the clubs.
◦ Management can communicate and pass this information to the broader
community concerning the needs of the community.
◦ Management can use this information for the program refinement.
Q11. Do you like participating in the BGC programs?
50.0
45.0
40.0
35.0
Percent
30.0
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Always
Most of the time
Sometimes
Never
43.4
27.5
22.9
6.1
Q9. Are those who help you in the BGC knowledgeable?
60.0
50.0
Percent
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Always
Most of the time
Sometimes
Never
53.4
22.6
19.2
4.8
Q15. Do you feel safe when you are at the BGC?
70.0
60.0
Percent
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Always
Most of the time
Sometimes
Never
63.9
19.6
11.2
5.4
Q25. I believe one of the important reasons for my good record of attending day
school is my membership and attendance of the Boys and Girls Club.
40.0
35.0
30.0
Percent
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly Agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
Strongly Disagree
Not a good
record
28.8
24.5
33.9
5.9
3.6
3.3
Q27. Do you recommend this club to your friends?
60.0
50.0
Percent
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Yes, always
Only sometimes
No, never
53.7
35.3
10.9
Q41.1 What is your family’s primary source of income?
100.0
90.0
80.0
Percent
70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Job
Valid Percent
94.7
Child Support /
Alimony
1.7
Public Assistance
Other
1.9
1.6
Q42. What is the income group of your family household (family household consists of
family members living in a household)
25.0
20.0
Percent
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Less than 10k
10k to 25k
26k to 40K
41k to 60 K
More than 60K
Decline to state
13.9
21.6
22.3
13.3
16.4
12.4
Q5. When the club is open how often does your child attend it during the week?
90.0
80.0
70.0
Percent
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Summer/break
Almost everyday
One or two days
At least three days
Rarely
sessions and or
non school days
only
Valid Percent
80.1
5.0
9.5
1.9
3.4
Q7.1 The reason(s) you need the Boys and Girls Club(select all that apply):
90.0
80.0
70.0
Percent
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
A safe
Help with
place when homework/
Valid Percent
at work
tutoring
80.9
10.4
Enrichment
programs
2.3
Learn
Physical
Knowledge
conflict
activity/ex
about
resolution
ercise
nutrition
0.4
4.1
0.3
Positive
Develop
Avoid risky
civic
better
behavior
engagemen
study
t
habits
0.5
0.1
0.1
Develop
healthier
Other
life style
0.5
0.5
Q8. Since going to the Boys and Girls Club my child has acquired a greater ability to
make friends
60.0
50.0
Percent
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
Strongly disagree
42.4
48.8
7.5
0.9
0.3
Q12. Since going to the Boys and Girls Club my child is demonstrating a greater ability to
get along in the family
60.0
50.0
Percent
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
Strongly disagree
26.5
56.2
11.5
5.4
0.3
Q13. Since going to the Boys and Girls Club my child has shown improvement in his/her
school performance
60.0
50.0
Percent
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
Strongly disagree
29.9
55.4
10.8
3.5
0.4
Q17. Since going to the Boys and Girls Club my child’s grades have improved
60.0
50.0
Percent
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
Strongly disagree
25.5
51.6
15.4
6.4
1.0
Q24. Since going to the Boys and Girls Club my child spends an hour or more doing
exercise when he/she is in the club
60.0
50.0
Percent
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
Valid Percent
Strongly agree
Agree
Not sure
Disagree
Strongly disagree
28.5
48.4
18.5
4.2
0.3
Q25. As a result of regular exercise he/she is making progress towards becoming less
overweight
40.0
35.0
30.0
Percent
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
My child is not
True
Sort of true
Not true
overweight and does not
need to lose weight
Valid Percent
33.5
22.1
8.8
35.5
Thank You
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