4. Presentation on Population Census Statistics by

PRESENTATION
ON
POPULATION & HOUSING CENSUS
2011
By
Mr. Habib Ullah Khan
Census Commissioner
POPULATION CENSUS ORGANIZATION
PAKISTAN
DECISION TO HOLD CENSUS

The issue of 6th Population and Housing Census was
considered by the Council of Common Interests in a meeting
held on 8th Nov. 2010 under the chairmanship of the Prime
Minister and it was decided to hold the next Census as per
following schedule:
-
House Listing Operation
- Population and Housing Census
March / April , 2011
August / Sept, 2011
3
IMPORTANCE OF CENSUS
 Population and Housing Census is a stock taking of
human resources of a country and their living conditions
at one point of time.
 It provides basic data on demographic, social
and
economic variables about each person and each housing
unit.
 Data collected through census serves as bench mark for
all type of socio-economic development plans,
administrative activities and demographic research.
4
LEGAL AND POLITICAL IMPACT

Census also meets Legal requirements for:
 Providing basis for political representation in the National
and Provincial Assemblies (Article 51 (3) of Constitution).
 Distribution of funds to the federating units by National
Finance Commission (Article 160(2) of Constitution).
 Determining quota for recruitment to all civil posts in the
Federal Government.
 Delineation of constituencies for National and Provincial
Assemblies
5
HISTORY OF CENSUS TAKING
 First regular census in the areas now comprising
Pakistan was held in 1881. Since then regular censuses
have been conducted after every ten years up to 1981.
 After independence five censuses have been undertaken
first in 1951, 1961, 1972, 1981 and the last in 1998.
 6th Population & Housing Census is scheduled to be held
in September, 2011.
6
TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN CENSUS
A) DEMOGRAPHIC & SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS
Age - Sex - Relationship to the head - Marital
status - Religion - Mother tongue (language)
- Nationality
B) EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS (for 5 years +)
Literacy status - School attendance - Level of
education completed - Field of education
C) GEOGRAPHICAL / MIGRATION
CHARACTERISTICS
Usual residence - District of birth - Duration of
continuous residence in district - District of previous
residence - Reason of migration
7
D) ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS (for 10 years +)
Usual Activity - Part time Activity – Occupation
- Industry, Employment status - Reason of
unemployment
E) FERTILITY / MORTALITY (females 15-49 Years)
No. of children ever born by sex
No. of children still living by sex
No. of children born during last 12 months by sex
No. of children still living by sex
F) MISCELLANEOUS
Nature and Type of Disability if any
Holding of CNI Card by persons of 18 years plus
Member of a household living abroad for more than
6 members.
8
G) HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS
-
Information about living quarters; number of rooms,
sex of the owner, tenure status, period since
constructed and construction material used in outer
walls & roofs.
- Data on source of drinking water, source of lighting
and cooking fuel used.
- Availability of proper kitchen, bathroom, latrine and
type of latrine.
- Media of information such as T.V., Radio, Newspaper,
Telephone and Mobile.
9
Forms Used in House Listing
And Census Operation
10
Scope of House Listing Operation

House Listing as first phase is generally
conducted to 2 to 3 months prior to main
census.

It provides inventory of structures / houses
and household in the country.

Data is used for planning of 2nd phase i.e. main
census.
12
Continued
Steps involved are:
-
to number each structure in the census block.
-
to ascertain nature & use of each structure.
-
to indentify households and obtain name and
CNIC of head or member of household.
-
to obtained number of persons residing in the
household.
-
any kind of economic activity being carried out in
the household.
13
Planning & Preparation
Planning & Preparation
Planning & Preparation
ARRANGEMENTS/
PREPARATIONS MADE
FOR THE CENSUS
2011
17
DELIMITATION OF CENSUS AREAS
 For complete coverage and effective field supervision, the
country has been delimited on a four-tier system, into;
Census Districts (Tehsils/ Towns and Cantts.)
Census Charges (Qanun go/ part of Town/Cantt.)
Census Circle (Patwar Circle/part of Town /Cantt.)
Census Blocks (Village, part of Village/Town)
 Census block roughly comprises of 200-250 houses
 One block is assigned to one enumerator.
18
PREPRATION OF MAPS

Maps help in proper delimitation, control of census
operations and presentation of census results.

Maps of each Admin as well as Census Area have been
prepared/updated.

Maps of 50666 villages and 7594 urban areas (census
circles) have been prepared and updated. Maps are being
verified through satellite images (Google Earth).

Block maps showing physical landmarks have been
prepared which are provided to the enumerators and
supervisors.
20
CHARGE/CIRCLE/
BLOCKS SETUP
CENSUS CHARGE
COMPRISING
OF
5 TO 7 CIRCLES
CENSUS CIRCLE
5 TO 7 BLOCK
CENSUS BLOCK
200 TO 250 HOUSES
CHARGE/CIRCLE/
BLOCK SETUP
Census Charge
Census Circle
Census Block
COMPRISING
OF
One Qanungo Halqa/ Total number
of Patwar Circles in Qanungo Halqa
Total number of mauzas in Patwar
Circle / Tapedar Circle.
Each mauza/deh/village ranging
from 200 to 250 houses comprises
one block.
Large mauzas are divided into two
or more blocks of 200 to 250
houses.
CENSUS AREAS BY ADMN. UNITS
Admn.
Area
Admn
Distt.
Census
District
Census
Charges
Census
Circles
Census
Blocks
Khyber Pk.
24
78
336
2283
19828
FATA
7
7
48
288
3797
Punjab
36
158
1542
11224
72201
Sindh
23
129
875
4893
35317
Balochistan
30
34
264
726
9186
Islamabad
1
1
14
107
863
AJK
10
10
88
445
3892
GB
7
7
35
141
1198
Total
138
424
3202
20107
146289
29
APPOINTMENT OF FIELD STAFF
 Census operation requires a field force of 182,000 as
enumerators and supervisors.
 The services of school Teachers and employees of other
Government Departments are hired as Enumerators /
Supervisors.
 Participation of females is encouraged. Efforts are been made
to deploy maximum females in the census operation as
enumerators and supervisors.
 Enumerators and supervisors are paid one month salary as
remuneration.
24
Field Staff (for House Listing)
Field Staff for House Listing Including 6% Reserve
Province
PCOs/RCOs
Charge
Superintendents
Circle
Supervisors
Enumerators
Total
Lahore
1127
8853
18040
24074
Multan
569
4474
11872
14940
Karachi
710
4100
10010
13440
Sukkur
240
1235
4220
5031
Peshawar
383
2464
7325
9955
FATA
57
305
1455
1698
Quetta
144
424
5270
5828
Khuzdar
134
339
4435
4896
Gilgit
39
151
648
834
ICT
Islamabad
16
116
325
576
AJK
AJK
98
473
2100
2683
3523
22932
65700
91155
Punjab
Sindh
KPK
FATA
Balochistan
Gilgit
Baltistan
Total
-
TRANSPARENCY
o
Updated maps of census areas are provided to each
enumerator and supervisors.
o
CNIC of head or any member of household is recorded
for verification.
o
One supervisor has to supervise 5-7 enumerators. They
fill-in certain forms independently for quality checks.
o
Vigilance teams comprising DDO (R), a police officer
and a technical officer are formed at Census District
level to monitor census operation.
o
Established control rooms at Census District level to
redress public complaints about enumeration.
Continued
o
Collection of filled-in questionnaires under sealed
cover.
o
Census Evaluation Survey will be undertaken by an
independent agency (FBS).
o
Administrative Boundaries have been freezed by the
Provincial Governments.
o
Ban on the transfer and postings have been
imposed on the staff engaged in census operation.
Continued
o Provincial
Census Commissioners (PCC) have been
appointed for effective coordination between Provincial
Governments & Population Census Organization.
o Government Universities have been requested to spare
students to be deputed as Enumerators / Supervisors
o Meetings were also held with Provincial Chief Secretaries and
Secretaries of Education, Home Department, S&GAD, Local
Government and Rural Development Department and Senior
Member Board of Revenue to seek their cooperation.
ISSUES

Law and order situation in certain parts of the country.

Access of enumeration and supervisory staff in troubled
areas.

Security of census documents in sensitive areas.

Distortion of population figures due to linguistic and ethnic
feelings in certain areas.

Political linkage of census data in terms of representations in
assemblies and distribution of financial resources among
provinces have made census a sensitive issue.
33
House Listing Operation-2011
o House Listing Operation has been conducted
from 5th April,2011 to 5th May, 2011.
o Summary Forms REN-1 have been received
which are being processed.
o Results will be used for effective Planning of
Population Census.
o Other material i.e. Booklets of Form-I are being
received at PCOs / RCOs level.
30
KEY OBSERVATIONS ON HOUSE LISTING
OPERATION

Most of the field staff was taken from Education
Department with few exception Revenue and Local
Government Departments.

Training was imparted by DEOs/AEOs and senior
Headmasters.

Deficiency in quality of training was observed in some
areas.

The concepts of Structure / Building and household
were not clear to the Trainers / Supervisors and the
Enumerators.
31
Continued

At some venues field staff found deviating from
guidelines provided in the Manual of Instructions.

For the next phase services of senior staff of FBS
will be utilized for imparting training.

Admn. Tiers had problems / confusion about their
functions who needed briefing on the concept and
methodology of House Listing Operation will be
rectified.

Other activities were going on in the field hence, the
enumerators were not spared timely for census
duties.
32
Continued

Census Enumeration Blocks particularly in suburbs
of big urban areas were found of abnormal sizes.

These blocks will be splited / bifurcated into
manageable size to avoid problems in second
phase.

In some Census Blocks Settlements / Goths were
missing in the maps which created confusion.
33
Continued

The initial period for Field Operation was 5th to 19th
April, 2011 which had to be extended up to 5th
May, 2011 on the request of some quarters.

Instructions regarding Hiring of Vehicles did not
reach timely.

Coordination within the Census Staff and Admn.
tiers was weak.
34
Monitoring/ Checking of Field Activities.

Effective monitoring of field activities was ensured by
deputing officers / officials of FBS, PCO and ACO.

The complaints received from field were addressed
promptly.
35
Establishment of Control Room

There were 392 Control Rooms operative in 424
Census Districts.

The complaints received in Control Rooms were either
redressed on the spot or referred to the concerned
quarters for necessary action.

Publicity campaign could not be started as per Activity
Calendar of the House Listing Operation.

However, Publicity Campaign was launched during the
operation to create the awareness among the masses
through Print & Electronic.
36
LESSON LEARNT

Recommendation is that census staff may be taken
from Education Department only.

Appointment of Census Field Staff should be
ensured well before the start of operation.

Impartial people should be taken in the 2nd phase.

Training may be imparted by Senior Officers of
PCO, FBS and ACO.
37
Continued

Photograph of an Enumerator / Supervisor may be
affixed on the Identity Card. ID Card also should have
a serial number.

Admn. Tiers should be briefed / sensitized about their
functions / responsibilities.

Enumerators should be spared timely for census
duties.

Effective Monitoring may be started in the beginning of
census operation.

Briefing / Sensitization workshops should be
conducted for Coordination Committees / Vigilance
38
Teams to make them more active and effective.
THANKS
39
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