海淀区九年级英语期末复习建议

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Unit 7 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their
own clothes.
Unit 8 It must belong to Carla.
Unit 9 I like music that I can dance to.
Unit 10 You’re supposed to shake hands.
Unit 4
Unit 11 Sad movies make me cry.
nit 5
Unit 12 Life is full of the unexpected.
期末考试题型
一、听对话,选图片
4分
听力理解
(共26分)
二、听对话或独白,选答案
12分
三、听对话,记录关键信息
10分
知识运用
(共25分)
四、单选
13分
五、完形
12分
六、读短文,选答案
26分
阅读理解
(共44分)
七、信息还原
8分
八、阅读与表达
10分
书面表达
(共25分)
九、完成句子
10分
十、文段表达
15分
期末考试
1.遵循《课程标准》要求;
2.遵循中考考试要求;
3.体现所学教材内容。
期末复习
• 夯实基础,提升能力。
建议 • 提高综合语言运用能力。
• 以此为契机。
目的 • 巩固所学,查漏补缺。
• 充分利用课本内容。
• 注重把知识梳理并系统化。
方法
• 避免知识的简单重复。
期末复习
两条线索
单元
题型
听力
基础
单
选
完
成
句
子
话
题
能力
完
型
阅
读
语
法
单
词
短
语
句
型
写
作
听力理解
题型
分值
听对话,选择正确图片
4分
听对话或独白,选择正确答案
12分
听对话或独白,记录关键信息
10分
考查目标:
1. 理解对话细节
2. 对听力材料分析、归纳的能力:对关键信息
的理解和判断,对说话者身份、关系等进
行简单的推理。
听力理解复习建议
基础——单选
单选考点
期中
22.代词
my
23.连词
so
24.比较级、
最高级
the
hottest
中考说明要求
掌握形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的形
式及基本用法。
掌握并列连词、从属连词的基本用法。如and,
but, or, so, when, after, before, as soon as,
because, if 等。
熟练掌握形容词、副词比较级和最高级的变
化形式、基本句型以及基本用法。如as…as,
than, the +最高级+…in 等。
25.特殊疑问句 how
掌握一般疑问句、特殊疑问句和选择疑问句
的构成和基本用法。
26.情态动词
must
掌握情态动词的基本用法,如can, may,
must, need等。
in
熟练掌握常用介词的基本用法(表示时间、
地点、位置、方式等)如:in, on, at, of,
before 等。
27.介词
基础——单选
单选考点
期中
中考说明要求
28. 不定代词
anything
29.句型、时态
熟练掌握一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、
There be, 现在完成时、现在进行时、过去进行时的构成和
一般过去时 基本用法。
掌握以下简单句型的基本用法: … there be 句型。
30.句型
If假设条件
状语从句
掌握常见不定代词的基本用法。
掌握状语从句的构成和用法。
31.动词固定搭配 enjoy doing 掌握中考说明附录四中的习惯用语和固定搭配。
32.现在完成时
33.被动语态
34.宾语从句
has been
熟练掌握一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、
现在完成时、现在进行时、过去进行时的构成和
基本用法。
掌握一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时和带
was written 有can, may, must 等情态动词的被动语态的构成
和基本用法。
…where
熟练掌握宾语从句的构成和基本用法。
the bank is
完成句子复习建议
1.
对本学期所学重点短语和句型进行归
纳。
2. 由易到难,由句型到句子,注重语境。
先掌握结构,之后进行口头练习和笔
头练习。
能力——完型和阅读
《考试说明》“读”能力要求
1. 能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解生词的含义;
2. 能获取文章的具体信息;
3. 能理解文章中的具体信息并进行简单的推理和判
断;
4. 能理解归纳文章的主旨要义,能为文章选定合适
的题目;
5. 能理解故事情节和事件发生顺序以及段落中个句
子之间的逻辑关系;
6. 能根据上下文理解作者的态度、观点和意图。
完型复习建议
阅读理解考察题型
阅读理解复习建议
1.掌握阅读理解的三个解题步骤:
快速阅读短文;
认真逐题作答;
复查校对答案。
2. 熟练运用两种解题方法:
略读法(skimming),跳读法(scanning)
3. 加强分析长、难句的练习。
阅读还原句子复习建议
1.关注文中的连接词,推断文章的先后顺序与关
联。
2.关注文章的上下文文意。
3.关注主语(人名、人称代词)在文中的变化。
阅读回答问题复习建议
1.关注题干的提问方式:
一般疑问句、选择疑问句、特殊疑问句。
2.关注题干中规定答题的关键点。
3.针对题干搜索信息,对文章大意做出归纳。
4.注意答题时句子开头大写等答题规范要求。
U7-U12
话题、语法、词、句、写作
Unit 7
Teenagers should be allowed to choose
their own clothes.
Topic
Functions
• Rules
• Talk about what
you are allowed or
not allowed to do.
• Agree and disagree
Key words
smoke
drive
get ears
pierced
wear earrings
Teenagers should/shouldn’t be allowed to…
choose their
own clothes
get to school late
watch scary movies
Key phrases
1. talk back
2. keep…away from
3. make one’s own
decision
4. get in the way of…
5. be worried about
6. regret doing
7. achieve one’s dream
8. end up as
9. be serious about
doing
10. care about
11. have a chance to do
12. sb. spend time on…
13. No way
14. make sure
15. seem to do…
16. after all
17. sing to sb.
18. stay by one’s side
19. give sb. a hug
19. lift up
20. think back to
21. continue to do
22. give sb. a chance
23. keep off
Key structures
should + be allowed to…
2014年《中考说明》相关要求
Useful sentences
1. I don’t think sixteen-year-olds should be allowed
to drive.
2. Do you think teenagers should be encouraged to
make their own decisions?
3. Teenagers often think they should be allowed to
practice their hobbies as much as they want.
4. He needs to spend more time on his homework.
5. Only then will I have a chance to achieve my
dream.
6. He should stop wearing that silly earring.
7. It’s difficult to become a professional sports star.
8. Mobile photos should be kept off during the
meeting.
Writing
单元
写作话题
功能、语法
Unit 7 介绍自己的家规,谈论允许或不被允
对家规的看法和 许做的事,表达同
改进意见。
意或不同意,运用
含有情态动词的被
动语态。
Writing practice
假如你叫李林,你的笔友Peter想要了解你家的家规(至少
三条)。对于家规你有什么看法?你对家规中的哪一项或者哪
几项有自己的不同看法,并提出改进意见。请根据他的问题回
信,字数不少于80词,开头和结尾已经给出。
1. What family rules do you have?
2. Do you agree or disagree with
them? What do you think of them?
3. How to make them better if you
disagree?
Dear Peter,
I’m glad to hear from you. ____________________
___________________________________________
All in all, good rules make me a better person. What
about yours? Write soon.
Instruction
文体:书信
时态:一般现在时
人称:第一人称
句型:
I’m not allowed to…/ I’m supposed to…;
I think I should be allowed to…/I think it would be
better if I can…
Beginning
Body
Ending
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
引入话题句
过渡句
介绍家规
表达看法(观点要积极)
如何改进
总结全文(观点要积极)
期盼回信
Sample
Dear Peter,
I’m glad to hear from you. Every home has its own rules. As a family
member, I should obey the rules. Most of them are necessary, but I
disagree to a few rules which are unreasonable.
For example, I am not allowed to eat too many snacks before dinner.
I think it’s necessary. Because if I eat too many snacks before dinner, I will
not be hungry to have dinner. Snacks can provide us lots of calorie, but
they can’t give us enough nutrition. Having healthy food is not only
important to my body but also to my study. What’s more, having dinner
with my family is a important chance to talk with and understand each
other.
However, I am not allowed to watch TV. I don’t think it’s reasonable. I
think I should be allowed to watch TV for two hours on weekends. Because
I am free on weekends and I really need to relax myself by watching my
favorite shows. I like watching talk shows and documentaries because
they can not only make me happy but also teach me some knowledge.
All in all, good rules make me a better person. What about yours?
Please write soon.
Unit 8
It must belong to Carla.
Topic
Functions
• Mysteries
• Make inferences.
Key words
be
sb’s
…must/could/might/can’t
belong to sb
My name is Tina.
I like white.
My size is small.
Key phrases
1. at the same time
2. run after
3. attend a concert
4. something valuable
5.the rest of my friends
6.pick up
7.each other
8.something unusual
9. have no idea
10. create fear
11. point out
12.keep people healthy
13. a long period of time
14. too...to...
15. communicate with
16. stop people from
becoming ill
Key structures
must, might, could and can’t for making inferences
2014年《中考说明》相关要求
Useful sentences
1. It used to be very quiet.
2. One woman in the area saw something running
away.
3. I think it was too big to be a dog.
4. The noise-maker is having too much fun creating
fear in the neighborhood.
5. I hear water running in the bathroom.
6. Stonehenge, a rock circle, is not only one of
Britain’s most famous historical places but also
one of its greatest mysteries.
7. They think the stones can prevent illness and
keep people healthy.
Writing
单元
写作话题
功能、语法
Unit 8 对事件进行推测 根据相关信息做出
推断,运用must,
might, could和
couldn’t进行推断。
Writing practice
今天早上,大家发现Damon两眼通红。 于是大家纷纷
猜测发生了什么事情, 有些男同学认为他喜欢玩电脑游
戏,昨天晚上一定在上网玩游戏;有些女生相信他昨晚一
定做作业做到很晚才睡, 也有的认为他可能与父母吵架
了,所以哭了一晚上。经过我们向他核实,真正的原因是
他感冒了。
请以“What Happened to Damon?”为题写一篇短文。
要求:1. 词数不少于90个; 2. 意思表达连贯正确,可适
当发挥合理的想象;3. 文中不得使用真实姓名。
This morning, we found that Damon’s eyes were red.
What happened to him?_______________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
Instruction
时态:
一般现在时,现在完成时,一般过去时
语法、句型:
运用must, might, could和couldn’t进行推断
Beginning
Body
Ending
• 引入话题句
• 过渡句
• 结合题目要求,运用must, might,
could和couldn’t进行推断
• 合理发挥想象
• 总结全文
Sample
What Happened to Damon?
This morning, we found that Damon’s eyes
were red. What happened to him? We guessed.
Some of the boys thought that he must have played
computer games all night,because he always
spends a long time doing that. But some girls didn’t
agree. They believed that he must have done his
homework very late. Others thought that he might
have had a fight with his parents and cried for a
long time.
But I didn’t agree with them. His parents are
very strict with him, so he can’t have played games
or watched TV. Then, we asked him during the
break, and he said he caught a bad cold.
Poor Damon!
Unit 9
I like music that I can dance to.
Topic
Functions
• Music and movies
• Express preferences
Key words
I can dance to
has good lyrics
I can sing along with
I like music that …
helps me relax
is loud
Key words
1. play different
kinds of music
2. play quiet and
I like musicians/groups who …
slow songs
3. write their own
songs
1. give me something to
I like movies that … think about
2. can cheer me up
3. are scary
4. are sad
Key phrases
1 feel like doing
2. stick to
3. different kinds of
4. depend on
5. cheer up
6. try one’s best to do
7. a good way to do
8. make sb do
9. too...to
10. shut off
11. enjoy doing sth
12. in time
13.once in a while
14.be afraid of doing
15. not ...any more
16. take sb to a concert
17. in total
18.look up the history of
19. be known for
20. continue to do
21. teach sb to do
22. so...that
23. get married
24. get worse
25. by the end of
Key structures
Attributive clauses with that, which and who
2014年《中考说明》相关要求
Useful sentences
1. I like music that helps me relax after a long week at work.
2. I prefer movies that give me something to think about.
3. but I’m too scared to watch them alone.
4. I always bring a friend who isn’t afraid of these movies.
5. I enjoy watching an exciting superhero who always saves
the world just in time.
6. It was one of the most moving pieces of music that I’ve
ever heard.
7. The erhu sounded so sad that I almost cried along with it.
8. Abing’s musical skills made him very popular during his
lifetime.
9. Its sad beauty not only paints a picture of Abing’s own life
but also makes people recall their deepest wounds from
their own sad or painful experiences.
Writing
单元
写作话题
功能、语法
Unit 9 介绍自己最喜欢 表达喜好,简单运
的音乐或电影
用that, which, who
引导的定语从句。
Writing practice
假如你叫张华,你的笔友Mary想要你给她推荐你最喜欢
的音乐或电影。请根据她的问题回信,字数不少于80词,
开头和结尾已经给出。
1. What’s your favorite kind of music
or movie? Can you describe it?
2. Why do you like it and how do you
feel about it?
3. Why do you think I should listen to
or watch it?
Dear Mary,
I’m glad to hear from you. ____________________
___________________________________________
I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours,
Zhang Hua
Instruction
文体:书信
时态:一般现在时, 一般过去时
人称:第一人称
句型:简单运用that, which, who 引导的定语从句。
Beginning
Body
Ending
• 引入话题句
• 过渡句
• 介绍最喜欢的音乐或电影, 举例细
节描写
• 表达感受、看法
• 推荐原因
• 期盼回信
Sample
Dear Mary,
I’m glad to hear from you. I’m happy to tell you
something about my favorite kind of movie.
Historical drama is my favorite. I like historical dramas
because they are a relaxing way for me to learn history and
effects that a historical event had on people lives.
My favorite movie is Gone with the Wind. It was made in
1939, based on a prize-winning novel by Margaret Mitchell.
The movie’s plot is set against the American Civil War and it
has an amazing cast that helps bring the story to life.
When I watch the movie, I feel deeply moved. It makes
me feel sad about the effects of war, but it also gives me hope
in the strength of the human spirit.
I think you should watch this movie too because it is
one of the greatest movies of all time.
I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours,
Zhang Hua
Unit 10
You’re supposed to shake hands.
Topic
Functions
• Customs
• Talk about customs.
• What you are supposed
to do
Key words
shake hands
bow
kiss
In …, you are supposed/expected to… when
you meet someone for the first time.
You’re not supposed/expected to…
Key words
India
stick your chopsticks
eat with your hands
into the food
put your elbows on
the table
It’s polite/ impolite to…in…
eat with a fork
point at someone
with your chopsticks
put your bread on
the table
Key phrases
1. drop by
15. keep others waiting
2. get mad
16. point at
3. make an effort
18. show up
4. clean…off
17. to one’s surprise
5. take off
18. heavy traffic
6. go out of one’s way
19. go abroad
7. Make sb. feel at home 20. eat with hands
8. be/get used to../doing… 21. thanks for
9. greet sb. the wrong way 22. there be no reason to
10. make friends
do sth.
11. hold out one’s hands 23. learn how to do sth.
12. make plans to do
24. cut sth. up
13. after all
14. invite sb. to do
Key structures
Sb be supposed/ expected to do…
It is + adj. + to do sth
2014年《中考说明》相关要求
Useful sentences
1. And as soon as I held out my hand, he bowed.
2. It’s p0lite for boys to shake hands and for girls to
kiss each other on the side of the face.
3. We often just walk around the town center, seeing
as many of our friends as we can.
4. It’s impolite to keep others waiting.
5. But it’s helpful to learn as many of these customs
as possible.
6. One of the best ways to be accepted in a foreign
country is to try to understand how people think.
7. They go out of their way to make me feel at home.
8. I have to say that I find it difficult to remember
everything.
Writing
单元
写作话题
功能、语法
Unit 10 介绍中国的礼 1.谈论中国的礼仪习俗
仪、习俗。
和被期望做的事。
2.正确运用be
supposed/expected
to do…表示应该或被
期望做的事情.
3. 正确使用It
is+adj+to do…表达看
法和观点。
Writing practice
假如你是张华。你美国的笔友Mike要来中国,他知道中
国的礼仪习俗与美国不同,所以希望你可以向他介绍中
国的礼仪习俗。请根据他的问题回信,字数不少于80词
,开头和结尾已经给出。
1. What are Chinese customs when I
greet others?
2. What are Chinese customs when I
eat meals and go out with people?
Dear Mike,
I’m glad to hear from you. ____________________
___________________________________________
Have a safe trip. I look forward to meeting you soon.
Best wishes,
Zhang Hua
Instruction
文体:书信
时态:一般现在时,一般将来时
人称:第二人称
句型:You’re supposed/expected to do…
You should…
It is+adj+to do…
Beginning
Body
Ending
• 引入话题句
• 过渡句
• 根据问题介绍相关中国的礼仪习俗
• 细节介绍、适当介绍理由
• 预祝旅途安全,期盼见面
Sample
Dear Mike,
I’m glad to hear from you. It’s true that Chinese customs
are different from yours in America. Let me give you some
suggestions about Chinese customs.
When you meet others for the first time, you are supposed
to shake hands instead of kissing. It’s polite to hand out your
right hand and shake it with another person’s right hand.
When you are eating at the table, you should let them start
first. When you are eating with your chopsticks, it’s impolite to
point at other people with your chopsticks. It’s also impolite to
stick your chopsticks into the bowl of rice and leave them there.
When you go out with people, you are supposed to tell the
hostess where you are going, who you are going with and when
you will come back. In our culture, the hostess will worry about
the safety of her guests, so it’s polite to let her know these
things.
Have a safe trip and I look forward to meeting you soon!
Yours,
Zhang Hua
Unit 11
Sad movies make me cry.
Topic
Functions
• Feelings
• Talk about how things
affect you
Key words
comfortable
uncomfortable
excited
bored
Feelings
nervous
/stressed out
relaxed
happy
energetic
unhappy
tired
Key phrases
1. make me sleepy
2. drive sb. crazy
3. the more…, the more
4. yes and no
5. be friends with sb.
6. feel left out
7. sleep badly
8. don’t feel like eating
9. for no reason
10. neither…nor…
11. let …down
12. take one’s position
13. to start with
14. find out
15. remain unhappy forever
16. search for
17. the winning team
18. on the shoulder
19. miss scoring the goal
20. kick sb. off
21. support each other
22. rather than
23. pull together
24. nod in agreement
25. get good grades on an exam
26. get into a fight with your
best friend
27. speak in front of many
people
Key structures
make + sb.+ do…/adj.
2014年《中考说明》相关要求
Useful sentences
1. Sad movies make me cry.
2. The loud music makes Amy nervous.
3. The movie was so sad that it made Tina cry.
4. the more I got to know Julie, the more I’ve realized that we
have a lot in common.
5. What’s wrong with that?
6. Why don’t you ask Alice to join you each time you do
something with Julie?
7. Neither medicine nor rest can help him.
8. I’m afraid (that) I’m not happy either.
9. Holly bought me my favorite lemon juice and a turkey
sandwich for lunch, and we talked a lot.
10. It makes me want to tell them to clean up the streets.
11. Peter heard his father knocking on the door.
12. They’ll never let me play again.
Writing
单元
写作话题
功能、语法
Unit 11 谈论某件事对 1.make的使动用法
你的影响
2. 正确使用一般现在
时,一般过去时。
Writing practice
学校英语校刊征文,题目是:An unforgettable experience
请你结合自己的情况从下面几个方面写这篇文章:
1. What happened?
2. When did it happen?
3. Where did it happen?
4. How did it make you feel? Why?
5. What did you learn from the experience
Instruction
文体:记叙文
时态:一般现在时,一般过去时
人称:第一人称
句型:make使动用法
Beginning
Body
Ending
• 引入话题句
• 过渡句
• 按照时间发展顺序, 细节描写:what,
when, where, how
• 从中学到的道理
Sample
An experience that made me very happy was winning the
nation-wide English speech competition in Beijing last year.
At first, I didn’t know what to write for my speech, but after
talking to my teacher and reading some books , I had some ideas
and started writing. Then I practiced my speech many times.
On the day of competition, I saw many people there. This made
me feel very nervous. I started to worry that I would forget my
speech. Then I remember what my teacher told me – close my
eyes and take deep breaths. I did that and it made me feel much
better. When my turn came, I gave my speech with confidence.
I waited anxiously for the results, and when I heard that I was
the first prize winner, I jumped up and down in joy.
The experience taught me that being well-prepared is very
important. It helps to read a lot and also to ask people around
you for advice. Most importantly, have confidence in yourself!
Unit 12
Life is full of the unexpected.
Topic
Functions
• Unexpected events
• Narrate past events
Key words
get up
get in the shower
get outside
leave
By the time Tina…, …had already…
get to school
ring
walk into class
start teaching
Key words
School
leave her backpack at home
get to school
When Tina…, she realized (that) she had…
Home
leave her keys in the backpack
get home
Key phrases
1. by the time
2. full of
3. get up
4. leave the backpack at home
5. start to do/doing
6. be late for
7. go off
8. put on
9. at least
10. give sb a lift
11. decide to do
12. wait in line
13. happen to sb
14. wake up
15. stay up late
16. show up
17. all kinds of
18. end up
19. thousands of
20. land on
21. lose weight
22. play jokes on each other
23. forget to do…
24. get a chance to
25. leave for
26. invite sb. To
27. sell out
28. land on
29. run away from
30. in the middle of
31. take a shower
Key structures
1. 过去完成时(Past perfect tense)
2. when, before, as, by the time引导的时间状语从句
表示过去发生的事。
2014年《中考说明》相关要求
Useful sentences
1. Why were you late for class today?
2. I kept sleeping.
3. He asked her to marry him.
4. One of the world’s most famous tricks, however,
happened in October rather than in April.
5. Welles made it sound so real that hundreds of
peop0le believed the story.
6. I’m so glad that I cancelled my plan to go to the
market.
7. I was about to go to my office when I decided to
get a coffee first.
Writing
单元
写作话题
功能、语法
Unit 12 谈论发生在你 1. 讲述过去发生的事
身上的故事
情。
2. 正确使用一般过去
时,了解过去完成时。
Writing practice
英语《学生报》征文,题目是:My lucky/unlucky day
请你结合自己的情况从下面几个方面写这篇文章:
1. What was the date?
2. What happened first?
3. Was this lucky? Or unlucky? Why?
4. What happened next?
5. How did the day end?
6. How did you feel about this day?
Instruction
文体:记叙文
时态:一般过去时, 过去完成时
人称:第一人称
Beginning
Body
Ending
• 引入话题句
• 过渡句
• 按照时间发展顺序, 细节描写:what,
when, where, why, how
• 总结,首尾呼应
Sample
My lucky day
I will always remember the date February 28, 2014. this was the
luckiest day of my life.
When I woke up that morning, the sky was very dark. I took the
early bus to school as usual. As soon as I arrived at school, it
started to rain very heavily. Many students were late and were all
wet when they got to school. But I wasn’t because I caught the
early bus, I would have been late and wet as well!
Later that day, I realized that I had forgotten my wallet and
couldn’t buy lunch. I couldn’t believe it. Then my friend Lisa said
that she could share her lunch with me.
Finally, my elder brother told me that night that he could take
me to the concert that I had been looking forward to so much
that weekend. I was so happy!
I think that was the best day I’d had in a long time.
What a lucky day!
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