3 What is Ghunna? - Islamic Studies Resources

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FAST
Tajweed
Intensive
Workshop
Session 3
Two Simple Rules: Ghunna
Qalqalah
1
Ghunna
FAST Tajweed Intensive - Summer 2012
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What is Ghunna?
 When the letter “‫ ”م‬and letter “ ‫ ”ن‬have a
Shaddah(ّ) then they will be recited with
Ghunnah(nasalization).
 The length of nasalization does not have a
precise count but comes with experience
 You have to prolong the sound of the ‫ م‬or ‫ ن‬to
apply ghunna.
 These are the ONLY TWO huroof on which the
rule of ghunna will apply.
FAST Tajweed Intensive - Summer 2012
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How to read Ghunna
 Example 1:
 Normally, the word ‫ اِن‬is read “inna”.
 However, that is incorrect. Ghunna applies on the letter
‫ن‬as it carries a shadd.
 Hence the correct pronunciation is “innnnna”, i.e.
prolonging the “nn” sound of the ‫ن‬.
 Example 2:
ُ normally read “Thumma”.
 The word ‫ثم‬is
 But when we apply Ghunna to the letter ‫ م‬, the correct
pronunciation becomes “Thummmmma”, i.e.
prolonging the “mm” sound of the ‫م‬.
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Practice Ghunna
 Consider Surah An Naas(Surah number114)
given below. Identify the places of Ghunna
• ‫ُق ْل َأ ُعو ُذ ِب َر ِ ِّب النَّ ِاس‬
•
ِ ِ ‫َم‬
‫ِل النَّ ِاس‬
• ‫ال َ َٰ ِه النَّ ِاس‬
ِ
• ‫ش الْ َو ْس َو ِاس الْ َخنَّ ِاس‬
ِ ِّ َ ‫ِمن‬
• ‫َّ ِاَّلي يُ َو ْس ِو ُس ِِف ُصدُ ِور النَّ ِاس‬
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• ‫ِم َن الْ ِجنَّ ِة َوالنَّ ِاس‬
5
Qalqalah
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What is Qalqala?
 When letters of Qalqala have Sukoon (Jazm)
on them, then they will be read with an
echoing or jerking sound
 The letters of Qalqala are:
‫د‬
‫ق ط ب ج‬
 Here is an acronym through which you can
remember them all:
FAST Tajweed Intensive - Summer 2012
ُ
‫قُطبُ َجد‬
7
Practice Qalqala
Read the qalqala letters in the following words
with a jerk or echo sound:
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Qalqalah
 When a stop is made at the end of a verse and
the ending letter is one of the Qalqala letters,
the same rule applies.
 The last letter will become Saakin irrespective of
the vowel sign.
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Practice Qalqalah
 Identify the points of Qalqalah in the given
verses
)‫(ق‬
)‫(ق‬
)‫(ب‬
) ‫(د‬
) ‫(د‬
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]١١٣:١[ ‫قُ ْل َأ ُعو ُذ ِب َر ِ ِّب الْ َفلَ ِق‬
]١١٣:٢[ ‫ش َما َخلَ َق‬
ِ ِّ َ ‫ِمن‬
]١١٣:٣[ ‫ش غَ ِاس ٍق ا َذا َوقَ َب‬
ِ ِّ َ ‫َو ِمن‬
ِ
]١١٣:٤[ ‫ش النَّفَّ َاَث ِت ِِف الْ ُع َق ِد‬
ِ ِّ َ ‫َو ِمن‬
]١١٣:٥[ َ‫ش َح ِاس ٍد ا َذا َح َسد‬
ِ ِّ َ ‫َو ِمن‬
ِ
10
Quiz Time
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