Constitutional Convention

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Constitutional Convention

Who?


When?

55 delegates from
states
Summer 1787

Where?

Philadelphia, Penn.

What?

Political meeting

Why?

1.
To revise the Articles
of Confederation





Which of these would complete the diagram?
A Alien and Sedition Acts
B U.S. Constitution
C Magna Carta
D Declaration of Independence
Compromise
 Compromise
– each side gives up
part of something it wants in order to
get something done
 Example: you want to watch a
different TV show than your brother…
 So you do one of his chores and he
lets you watch the TV show
 Each side got something and gave up
something
2 Make your own example
Constitutional Compromises

Great Compromise


3/5’s Compromise


Trade Compromise

3
Organized
Congress
Settled how to
count slaves for
representation in
Congress
Allowed Congress
to regulate trade
4
Virginia Plan
Govt. had three
branches:
executive,
legislative, and
judicial
 Congress’ two
houses based on
population

Great Compromise
Virginia Plan
 Large states liked
it


5
Proposed by
Edmund Randolph
of Virginia
Great Compromise
New Jersey Plan
 Small states liked
it
 Proposed by
William Patterson
of New Jersey
 Very much like the
Articles of
Confederation

Great Compromise


New Jersey Plan
Congress’ one
house was based
on equal votes for
each state
6
Great Compromise
Congress has two
houses
 Senate / 2 per
state
 House of
Representatives/
based on
population
 Three branches of
government

7
6. The diagram above shows the compromise that helped
guarantee the ratification of the U.S. Constitution by —
A providing a plan for representation of both large and
small states
B taking power away from the national government
C creating new boundaries for both large and small
states
D allowing local governments to determine matters of
representation
3/5’s Compromise

8

Should slaves
count toward a
state’s population
for taxes and
representation in
Congress????
Every 30,000
people get one
vote in Congress
3/5’s Compromise



Northern states had
fewer slaves than
Southern states
North didn’t want
slaves to count toward
representation: less
votes
North did want slaves
to count toward taxes:
more taxes
9
South
North
3/5’s Compromise



Southern states had
more slaves than
Northern states
South did want slaves
to count toward
representation: more
votes
South didn’t want
slaves to count toward
taxes: less taxes
10
North
South
3/5’s Compromise
3/5’s of slaves
were counted to
decide
representation in
Congress (South)
 3/5’s of slaves
were counted to
decide the amount
of taxes owed by
states (North)

12
11
 5.
How did the delegates to the
Constitutional Convention settle the
issue described above?
 A Three-Fifths Compromise
 B New Jersey Plan
 C Virginia Plan
 D Mason-Dixon Line
Trade Compromise
13A

Congress given
power to control
trade
North liked this part
of compromise
13B

Congress can’t
stop the slave
trade until 1807
South liked this part
of compromise
Ratification of the Constitution


It took 9 of 13
states to ratify,
approve, the new
Constitution
Everyone wanted
unanimous (100%)
ratification
14B
Federalists
Supporters of the
Constitution
 Alexander
Hamilton
 James Madison
 John Jay

14A

Wrote the
Federalist Papers
to show support
Quiz : Choose the Best Answer
In 1787 many of the delegates to the
Constitutional Convention opposed
ratification of the U.S. Constitution
because of its failure to —
 A include a bill of rights
 B reduce states’ rights
 C eliminate slavery
 D establish a foreign-trade policy

15B

Antifederalists
Opposed
ratification of the
Constitution w/o
the addition of a
Bill of Rights
Patrick Henry
 George Mason
 Richard Henry Lee

15A
Anti-Federalists had many of their
concerns about the U.S. Constitution
satisfied through the approval of the —
 A Bill of Rights
 B electoral college
 C Three-Fifths Compromise
 D Treaty of Paris

Ratification


12 states approved
Rhode Island
refused to sign for
several years, it
finally signed
16
New Constitution Begins !

Presidential
election in 1788
Washington elected
unanimously
(100%)
 Washington &
Congress take
office in 1789

17
18



Bill of Rights Added
Federalists agreed to
add a Bill of Rights to
get the support of the
Antifederalists.
Approved in 1791
The first ten
amendments to the
Constitution are called
the Bill of Rights
. Patrick Henry, an Anti-Federalist,
opposed ratification of the U.S.
Constitution mainly because he thought it
did not sufficiently —
A support freedom for slaves
B criticize abuses of the monarchy
C encourage trade with foreign powers
D guarantee individual rights
Quiz : Choose the Best Answer
1. In 1787 many of the delegates to the
Constitutional Convention opposed
ratification of the U.S. Constitution
because of its failure to —
 A include a bill of rights
 B reduce states’ rights
 C eliminate slavery
 D establish a foreign-trade policy






2.
Which of these would complete the
diagram?
A Alien and Sedition Acts
B U.S. Constitution
C Magna Carta
D Declaration of Independence
3. Anti-Federalists had many of their
concerns about the U.S. Constitution
satisfied through the approval of the —
 A Bill of Rights
 B electoral college
 C Three-Fifths Compromise
 D Treaty of Paris

4. In 1787 Congress established a
system for creating new states
from western territories —
A through the Monroe Doctrine
B through the Northwest
Ordinance
C with the Treaty of Paris
D with the approval of the ThreeFifths Compromise
 5.
How did the delegates to the
Constitutional Convention settle the
issue described above?
 A Three-Fifths Compromise
 B New Jersey Plan
 C Virginia Plan
 D Mason-Dixon Line
6. The diagram above shows the compromise that helped
guarantee the ratification of the U.S. Constitution by —
A providing a plan for representation of both large and
small states
B taking power away from the national government
C creating new boundaries for both large and small
states
D allowing local governments to determine matters of
representation
7. Patrick Henry, an Anti-Federalist,
opposed ratification of the U.S.
Constitution mainly because he thought it
did not sufficiently —
A support freedom for slaves
B criticize abuses of the monarchy
C encourage trade with foreign powers
D guarantee individual rights
Bonus: 5 %
 Who
was the president of the
Constitutional Convention?
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