OTHER STRUGGLES FOR EQUALITY I. Mexican-Americans A. Cesar Chavez 1. Kindled ethnic pride and solidarity 2. Formed United Farm Workers a. uses strikes and boycotts (non-violence) b. gains better wages and more enforcement of civil rights B. Chicano movement 1. Brown Berets similar to Black Panthers 2. “Chicano Power” II. Native-Americans A. Native-Americans were (are) the most poverty stricken group in America 1. Demand federal aid 2. Demand reimbursement for broken treaties B. 1968 Native Americans take Alcatraz Island counties on Native American reservations are among the poorest in the country and, according to the Economic Research Service at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, nearly 60 percent of all Native Americans who live outside of metropolitan areas inhabit persistently poor counties. C. 1973 Armed Native Americans are forced out of Wounded Knee, South Dakota After 71 day seige D. “Red Power” – AIM = American Indian Movement III. Women’s Movement A. Betty Friedan writes The Feminine Mystique 1. “the problem that has no name” = inequality of women 2. Dissatisfied with just a domestic role Which is Best? B. C. NOW – National Organization for Women 1966 Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) passes Congress 1972. Killed in 1982, 3 states short of passage “Why the Feminist Movement is Imperative...” After reading Betty Friedan’s speech answer the following questions: (on the back) 1. Why have women been viewed as the “weaker sex”? 2. Are women equal to men in every way? Why/why not? Explain your answer. 3. Are women discriminated against? Why do you feel that way? If yes, will that discrimination ever end? Why? When?