Chapter 1- The Pathway to Freedom Writing a Personal Narrative Freewriting • Freewriting- Just write what is on your mind. • Don’t worry about errors, grammar, and if it doesn’t make sense. Just write! What is the relationship between these two people? How do you think they feel about each other? Slavery • What do you know about slavery? • What does the word slavery mean to you? • Are there different kinds of slavery? Brief History of Slavery Harriet Tubman- “Moses” of the Underground Railroad History of Slavery Sojourner Truth- Abolitionist “Ain’t I A Woman” speech History of Slavery • John Brown- “Abolitionist” • Advocated fighting (insurrection) as a means to end slavery • Led “Bleeding Kansas” and “Harper’s Ferry” Frederick Douglass • Aboltionist • Firm belief in the equality of all people Identifying Nouns and Adjectives • A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. • Examples? Can you identify the nouns in this sentence? Douglass’ cleverness helped him to escape slavery in the South. Identifying Nouns and Adjectives • An adjective describes a noun. • Examples? 1) Identify the adjective in this sentence. 2) Then, identify the noun. Frederick Douglass was a courageous hero. Adjectives can be nouns? • Adjectives have corresponding noun forms. For example: Childish (adj.)- childishness (n.) Stop acting childish! Cruel (adj.)- Cruelty (n.) Teachers can be cruel sometimes. I oppose cruelty to animals. Noun or adjective? Don’t be foolish! Suzanne is not going to fail you. Your foolishness in class is getting out of control. Koreans have been very generous to me so far. Giving food to the poor is a sign of generosity. Point of View Writing Choose one situation and write a letter as if you were a character from Douglass’ Narrative. Situation 1 You are Mr. or Mrs. Auld. Describe in a letter to a friend what happened when Frederick Douglass began learning to read. Explain how you feel about this situation and why. Situation 2 You are one of the young people who let Frederick Douglass use your books. Write a letter to your parents explaining why you helped a slave learn to read and how you feel about what you did. Agenda • • • • • • Articles Point of View Writing Discussion and Summary? Paragraph Unity Peer Editing Habitual Past Articles (in a nutshell) • A/AN= Something that is general. Example= This is a book. This is an egg. • THE= Something that is specific. Example= Take out your writing book. Open the book to pg. 5. Point of View Writing Exchange letters with a partner. Read your partner’s letter and write a reply to it in your notebook. Reply 1 If your partner wrote as Mr. or Mrs. Auld, write a reply as a friend. Reply 2 If your partner wrote as a young person who helped Frederick Douglass learn to read, write a reply as one of the young person’s parents. Open for Discussion • Discuss these questions in a small group. • Each member of the group should choose one question and take notes on the group’s answers. • Afterwards, write a four to five sentence summary of your group’s discussion on the question you selected. Discussion Questions 1. Consider the statement, “Work is freedom.” Would Frederick Douglass agree or disagree with this statement? Do you think work is freedom? 2. Did Frederick Douglass think that education is the pathway to freedom? Do you agree? Is education enough to make someone free? 3. How are childhood and slavery similar to or different from each other? 4. Who is made less human by slavery, the master or the slave? Explain your answer. First Writing Assignment Your Task: • Write a personal narrative in one or two paragraphs. Each paragraph should have at least five sentences. Two choices. Choose one 1. Tell a story about your past that describes your personality and the people around you at that time. Explain how your life experiences influenced you. 2. Write one or two paragraphs about a problem you had to overcome or decision that you had to make. Write in the first person using the pronoun I. Paragraph Unity • Each paragraph of an essay must have unity. • A paragraph must have one main idea. • Every sentence in the paragraph must be relevant to that main idea. Paragraph Unity-Example As you manage your time, think about how long certain activities will take. A common mistake is to underestimate the time needed to do something simple. For example, when you are planning to go to the store, there may be a line of people. Last week in line I met a woman I went to high school with, so we chatted. It turns out she has two children just the same age as mine. When you are estimating time for a more complex activity, such as reading, block out more time than you think you will need. It is better to allow too much time than too little. Homework • For Thursday, please work on a rough draft of your personal narrative. • Print out one copy of your narrative and bring it to class. • Please e-mail me a copy of your personal narrative before Thursday’s class ([email protected]). Write the subject “Personal Narrative” on your email. Instructions for Peer Evaluation 1. Read your first draft to a partner and allow your partner to see your paragraph(s). Then listen to your partner read his or her personal narrative and read it yourself. 2. Write down the detail that is the most interesting to you. 3. Do not comment on grammar at this time unless an error makes the ideas difficult to understand. 4. Write your comments as suggestions. Habitual Past vs. Simple Past What are the differences between these three sentences? 1.I watch the children. 2. I watched the children. 3. I used to watch the children. Habitual Past with Used to and Would • Used to describes something that happened many times in the past. • No longer do it in the present. Structure: used to + base form of verb I used to carry bread with me every day. Any other examples? Practice Write five sentences that describe what you used to do when you were a child. When I was a child, I used to… 1. Dance around the house. 2. 3. 4. Habitual past vs. Simple Past • Simple Past- Describes something that happened only once in the past. • Habitual Past- Describes something that happened many times in the past. Examples: I used to carry bread with me every day. I carried bread with me. Which style is better? • My mother made her journeys to see me at night. My mother would lie down and go to sleep. My mother left in the morning. • My mother made her journeys to see me at night. She would lie down and go to sleep, but she left in the morning.