METER - Parma City School District

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METER

Geschke/British Literature Meter

METER

• Meter is the systematically arranged and measured rhythm in verse.

• Meter is measured in units of feet.

Geschke/British Literature Meter

SYMBOLS

•˘ = Unstressed Syllable •΄ = Stressed Syllable Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF METRIC FOOT

Iambic

ˇ ´

Example: bal –

loon

Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF METRIC FOOT

Trochaic ´ ˇ Example:

so

– da Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF METRIC FOOT

Anapestic

ˇ ˇ ´

Example: con – tra –

dict

Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF METRIC FOOT

Dactylic

´ ˇ ˇ

Example:

ma

– ni – ac Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF METRIC FOOT

Spondaic

´ ´

Example:

man

made

Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF METRIC FOOT

Amphibrach

ˇ ´ ˇ

Example: Chi

– ca –

go Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF METRIC FOOT

Amphimacer

´ ˇ ´

Example:

A

– tti -

tude

Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Monometer (one foot) Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Dimeter (two feet) Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Trimeter (three feet) Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Tetrameter (four feet) Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Pentameter (five feet) Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Hexameter (six feet) Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Heptameter (seven feet) Geschke/British Literature Meter

TYPE OF LINE

Octometer (eight feet) Geschke/British Literature Meter

STANZAS

• Metric feet make up lines, which make up stanzas • Stanzas are identified by the number of lines they contain Geschke/British Literature Meter

• Couplet –2 lines

STANZAS

Geschke/British Literature Meter

• Tercet –3 lines

STANZAS

Geschke/British Literature Meter

• Quatrain –4 lines

STANZAS

Geschke/British Literature Meter

• Cinquain –5 lines

STANZAS

Geschke/British Literature Meter

• Sestet –6 lines

STANZAS

Geschke/British Literature Meter

• Septet –7 lines

STANZAS

Geschke/British Literature Meter

STANZAS

• Octet or Octave –8 lines Geschke/British Literature Meter

STANZAS

• X-lined stanza –9 or more lines Geschke/British Literature Meter

A FEW MORE TERMS YOU SHOULD KNOW: •

Anacrusis

– an extra unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line before the regular meter begins.

Catalexis

– Lacking the final syllable or syllables expected in the regular pattern of a metrical verse line. The term is most often used when the final unstressed syllable is not used.

Geschke/British Literature Meter

A FEW MORE TERMS YOU SHOULD KNOW:

• Hypercatalectic--Having an extra syllable or syllables in excess of the normal length of a specified metrical verse line.

– Feminine Ending--The ending of a metrical verse line on an unstressed syllable (as in the regular trochaic line) – Masculine Ending--The ending of a metrical verse line on a stressed syllable (as in the regular iambic line) Geschke/British Literature Meter

Scansion

• The act of analyzing verse into its rhythmic components.

Geschke/British Literature Meter

Count The Number of Syllables

• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

• 10 syllables Geschke/British Literature Meter

Contemplate the Breakdown of the Metric Feet • Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Geschke/British Literature Meter

Connect The Dots

• 5 Metric Feet • 2 Syllables per Metric Foot • Iambic?

• Trochaic?

Geschke/British Literature Meter

Scansion

• Iambic

˘ ΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄

• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Geschke/British Literature Meter

Scansion

• Trochaic ΄ ˘

΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄ ˘

• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Geschke/British Literature Meter

Scansion

• Is the line iambic or trochaic?

• Which one sounds better?

• Look up the words in the dictionary:

˘ ΄

– Compare

΄ ˘

– Summer’s Geschke/British Literature Meter

Scansion

• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

• The Answer: • Iambic Pentameter Geschke/British Literature Meter

Catalexis

• In the golden lightning Of the sunken sun.

• Count the number of syllables • Line 1: 6 • Line 2: 5 Geschke/British Literature Meter

Catalexis

• Line 1 • In the golden lightning ΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ • In the golden lightning • Trochaic Trimeter Geschke/British Literature Meter

Catalexis

• Line 2 • Of the sunken sun.

΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄ • Of the sunken sun.

• Trochaic Trimeter Catalectic Geschke/British Literature Meter

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