METER - Parma City School District

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METER
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
METER
• Meter is the systematically arranged and
measured rhythm in verse.
• Meter is measured in units of feet.
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
SYMBOLS
•˘ = Unstressed Syllable
•΄= Stressed Syllable
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF METRIC FOOT
Iambic
ˇ´
Example:
bal – loon
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF METRIC FOOT
Trochaic
´ˇ
Example:
so – da
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF METRIC FOOT
Anapestic
ˇˇ´
Example:
con – tra – dict
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF METRIC FOOT
Dactylic
´ˇˇ
Example:
ma – ni – ac
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF METRIC FOOT
Spondaic
´´
Example:
man – made
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF METRIC FOOT
Amphibrach
ˇ´ˇ
Example:
Chi – ca – go
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF METRIC FOOT
Amphimacer
´ˇ´
Example:
A – tti - tude
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Monometer
(one foot)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Dimeter
(two feet)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Trimeter
(three feet)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Tetrameter
(four feet)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Pentameter
(five feet)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Hexameter
(six feet)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Heptameter
(seven feet)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
TYPE OF LINE
Octometer
(eight feet)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Metric feet make up lines, which make up
stanzas
• Stanzas are identified by the number of
lines they contain
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Couplet
–2 lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Tercet
–3 lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Quatrain
–4 lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Cinquain
–5 lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Sestet
–6 lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Septet
–7 lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• Octet or Octave
–8 lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
STANZAS
• X-lined stanza
–9 or more lines
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
A FEW MORE TERMS YOU
SHOULD KNOW:
• Anacrusis
– an extra unaccented syllable at the
beginning of a line before the regular
meter begins.
• Catalexis
– Lacking the final syllable or syllables expected
in the regular pattern of a metrical verse line.
The term is most often used when the final
unstressed syllable is not used.
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
A FEW MORE TERMS YOU
SHOULD KNOW:
• Hypercatalectic--Having an extra syllable
or syllables in excess of the normal length
of a specified metrical verse line.
– Feminine Ending--The ending of a metrical
verse line on an unstressed syllable (as in the
regular trochaic line)
– Masculine Ending--The ending of a metrical
verse line on a stressed syllable (as in the
regular iambic line)
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Scansion
• The act of analyzing verse into its rhythmic
components.
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Count The Number of Syllables
• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
• 10 syllables
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Contemplate the Breakdown of the
Metric Feet
• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Connect The Dots
•
•
•
•
5 Metric Feet
2 Syllables per Metric Foot
Iambic?
Trochaic?
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Scansion
• Iambic
˘ ΄ ˘ ΄
˘ ΄ ˘ ΄
˘
΄
• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Scansion
• Trochaic
΄ ˘ ΄ ˘
΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄
˘
• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Scansion
• Is the line iambic or trochaic?
• Which one sounds better?
• Look up the words in the dictionary:
˘ ΄
– Compare
΄
˘
– Summer’s
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Scansion
• Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
• The Answer:
• Iambic Pentameter
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Catalexis
• In the golden lightning
Of the sunken sun.
• Count the number of syllables
• Line 1: 6
• Line 2: 5
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Catalexis
• Line 1
• In the golden lightning
΄ ˘
΄ ˘
΄ ˘
• In the golden lightning
• Trochaic Trimeter
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
Catalexis
• Line 2
• Of the sunken sun.
΄ ˘ ΄ ˘ ΄
• Of the sunken sun.
• Trochaic Trimeter Catalectic
Geschke/British Literature
Meter
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