EMILY DICKINSON There is Another Sky 1850 “Hope” is the thing with feathers 1860 1830-1886 Emily Dickinson was born on December 10,1830 in Amherst, Massachusetts. She went to school in Amherst and was described as a bright and intelligent student. In her teenage years, Emily discovered poetry through Benjamin Franklin Newton. He introduced her to the poems of William Wordsworth and Ralph Waldo Emerson and encouraged her to write poetry. As time progressed, she became very depressed and secluded because of her family’s deaths. Emily used these feelings to write poetry. In 1858, she peaked in writing poetry. She rewrote her poems and wrote some new poems too. In this time, she also stayed home a lot to take care of her mother who was falling ill. Toward the end of her life, she wrote less and less poetry and observed more and more deaths. Emily died on May 15, 1886 because of Bright’s disease. Emily’s sister published her poems. Emily, during her life time was not that famous, but after her death she became very famous. (“Biography Emily Dickinson”) HISTORICAL BACKGROUND During the time she wrote There is another sky, many were religious. She was also a religious poet, therefore, the garden that she mentioned in this poem is the Garden of Eden, or Heaven. However, Unlike other religious poets, who saw themselves as subordinate to God, she rejected this premise in her poetry. She was dissatisfied that the poet can engage with God, and believes that God only make the poet as his instrument. She challenged God’s dominion throughout her life, refusing to submit to his divine. Therefore, she is against the ideologies of her time. In the 1860s when she wrote “Hope” is the thing with feathers , slave was abolished and war was going on. The Civil War broke out between the North and the South, many people were hurt, and most people lost their families. She might have written this poem about the people whom suffered from these experiences. By writing this poem, she can help guide a person through situations, and gain some hope through the harshest situations. That might have what led her to writing this poem. SOCIAL BACKGROUND In There is another sky, she talks about her brother, Austin. Austin and Emily has been close siblings in their youth ever since. However, as he settled in a place called “The Evergreens,” he spent less time with her. when Austin stayed at the Homestead while his wife and children were out of town, Emily noted: "It seemed peculiar— pathetic—and Antediluvian. By that, she probably wanted Austin to pay more attention to her and care about her more, thus, the she wrote “Prithee, my brother. Into my garden come!”, in this poem. In “Hope” is the thing with feathers, she describes how trusting faith and believing in hope can always get someone through a certain situation. In one of her situations, twelve of her family members has passed away in one winter. However, she cherished hope to cope with hard times, and was able to get through life. She used her experiences to write her poems. This poem is also indicative of the ideologies of the time, because it talks about the mood of people during the time of the Civil War, and she also indicates how people can get through these situations by having hope. THERE IS ANOTHER SKY There is another sky, Ever serene and fair, And there is another sunshine, Though it be darkness there; Never mind faded forests, Austin, Never mind silent fields - Here is a little forest, Whose leaf is ever green; Here is a brighter garden, Where not a frost has been; In its unfading flowers I hear the bright bee hum: Prithee, my brother, Into my garden come! “HOPE ” I S THE THI NG WI TH FEATHERS "Hope" is the thing with feathers— That perches in the soul— And sings the tune without the words— And never stops—at all— And sweetest—in the Gale—is heard— And sore must be the storm— That could abash the little Bird That kept so many warm— I've heard it in the chillest land— And on the strangest Sea— Yet, never, in Extremity, It asked a crumb—of Me. ANALYSIS There is Another Sky is a Petrarchan sonnet. The lines are structured in a way that the first 6 lines is one thought and the other 8 lines are another. The language being used in the poem isn't exactly that hard to understand, instead the language used is everyday language. The word choice that Emily Dickinson had used, however, was all done purposefully to evoke both negative and positive feelings. As in, before the dash she tries to show the negatives and after the dash she goes on with the positives. The meter in the poem is mostly that of a trimetric trochee, except for the few lines that have about 5 feet instead three which is exceptional. The form of verse that this poem takes in is that of formal verse. The rhyme scheme within the poem is that of ABCBDEFGDHIJI, with a few exceptions. The rhythm in each line of the poem is a stressed syllable followed by a unstressed syllable. The sound within the poem is that of a bright, positive sound; a good feeling that makes us all feel optimistic and joyful. Not much poetic devices were used within the poem. “However, there is onomatopoeia used within the poem, in the third to last line, “ I heard the bright bee hum” (Murphy, Brennan). Here, Dickinson is trying to evoke a nice natural setting In which you hear the sounds of bees to possibly evoke a peaceful feeling of joy and happiness. “Hope” is the thing with feathers is a poem that has 3 quatrains (4 lines per stanza). The language used in the poem is that of everyday language which isn’t that hard to understand. However, there are very profound words used. The meter in the poem is mostly iambic tetrameter, with a few exceptions. The form of verse of this poem is that of formal verse. The rhyme scheme in the poem is ABCBCDCDCEFE, with several exceptions as well. The rhythm in the poem is mostly of a unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. The sound within the poem is that of encouragement, in which it is to say “keep going”. The use of poetic devices is very minimal, however, “hope” in the poem is being personified which helps the message sound more alive and believing, as to bring it out. EXPLANATION There is another sky is an “entire poem by Dickenson addressed to her brother Austin, she is trying to cheer him up and provide him with a brighter perspective. The meaning of the poem is to direct us to look on the bright side of things and not to dwell on the little negative aspects of life since hope always lies ahead, as does warmth, vibrant color and the welcoming beauty of the natural world. ( Murphy, Brennan) In this poem, there weren’t much literary elements being used. However, onomatopoeia was used in the line, “I hear the bright bee hum”. In this line, it is trying to create a nice image, one of nature, peace, and joy as to emphasize on the bright side of things and hope. “Hope” is the thing with feathers is a poem, in which Dickinson used metaphors to describe how having hope can help a person solve all their conflicts. The first sentence, "hope is the thing with feathers" is a metaphor. Hope is compared to a bird. Symbolism is also used throughout the poem. Some examples are the bird's feathers, which symbolizes insulation to the harsher realities, and the storm that the bird is facing, which symbolizes the harsh reality. The sentence, "without the words,” means that we can't put hope into words but we can feel its effect. What she meant by the sentence, "chilliest land & strangest sea,” is a metaphor to describe the most threatening and worst circumstances. In the sentence, "yet never in extremity it asked a crumb of me", it describes how the bird stays with its owner and never asks for anything in return, which means that people don't realize that hope is always with them. In the last line, it describes how the bird asks for nothing, stating how hope is always there for you, and never asking for anything from you, no matter what. COMPARISON The two poems are quite different, as to whom they are addressed to. However, in meaning and ideas, it is very similar. The poems both sort of show growth of the poet, but instead it just solidifies the poet’s writing style. During the time of these poems, she was going through a lot of depression and so her poems were mostly about hope and self-encouragement. The poems are most definitely not designed to be of opposing ideas, instead they share the same ideas. SIGNIFICANCE We are probably learning about these poems because of their complexity and how it takes a while to actually analyze and interpret poems as a whole, as in completely. However, it helps explain the importance of understanding poetry by the way that there can be many different interpretations of this poem, which leads to many different analyses that can be made. And so, it helps us understand how different interpretations can lead to different analyses and different meanings. The night sky blooms, As summer comes near. I can hear it from my room, As the colors burst in the sky loud and clear. Even from afar, I feel the crowds cheer with each spark, I can see each burst, even in the dark. Like a thousand rainbows in the sky has explode, Each driver stopped in the road, Admiring its beauty. As every burst becomes slower, The crowds sever, However, even when the show is over, It will stay in my memory forever. -Vickie Zhao What we seek in dreams, The desires that we speak, All depends on you. -Hillary Wong Darkness in Light Life is a fellow that brought me in this world That showed me the wonders of every corner In this beautiful, peaceful world Life and I then reached a place Where all we could find was hate and destruction There were people and pain and misery There was no light but just darkness everywhere we looked Buildings were crumbling and people were crying Why was there light in every corner in the world Except for this place? Life took me away from this place and set me in a beautiful and happy place Then my head repeatedly shoved questions in my mind No one was helping those in the dark Not even Life But why? -Rumsha Javed T HE D I F F EREN T EXPRESSI ONS EXPRESSED When it comes to art, there’s variety. There are performing arts and visual arts. Singing and acting can be a beauty. Instrument playing gives you the smarts. Dancing and drawing can be inspiring. Music is even an inspiration. Different arts can be engaging. Performance arts have collaboration. Visual arts take practice to make perfect. Art is different ways to express one. If it’s not perfect, what do you expect? Different arts are made for everyone. Art can be a pain, but it is a joy. Hopefully you won’t mind, but please enjoy. -Stephanie Cen BIBLIOGRAPHY "Biography Emily Dickinson." Emily Dickinson Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 June 2013.” Melani, Lilia. "Emily Dickinson: An Oerview." Academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu. N.p., 25 Feb. 2009. Web. 04 June 2013. Melani, Lilia. "Emily Dickinson: An Oerview." Academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu. N.p., 25 Feb. 2009. Web. 04 June 2013. Murphy, Brennan. "Analysis on Emily Dickinson’s “There Is Another Sky”." Authspot RSS. Authspot, 5 Jan. 2010. Web. 05 June 2013. "Pop Culture: 1860." Census.gov. United States Census Bureau, 18 Oct. 2012. Web. 04 June 2013. SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Dickinson’s Poetry.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 20 May 2013. Wald, Jane. "William Austin Dickinson (1829-1895), Brother. "Emilydickinsonmuseum.org. Emily Dickinson Museum, n.d. Web. 04 June 2013.