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Hybrid Cloud with OpenStack: Bridging Two Worlds
Hai Ming Yang ([email protected])
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IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Outline and Presentation Objective

Provide common terminology for discussion
• What is Hybrid meaning in OpenStack scope?
• How to bridge two “worlds”

The Major User Cases benefit from the hybrid model
• Extend your workload for extra resource in demand (Auto Scale)
• Recover your OpenStack workload in another cloud (DR)
• Specific usage cloud (storage cloud and computing cloud)

Current Effort on Hybrid
• An Method of hybrid prototype
• Where we are
• The challenge of making hybrid happen
2
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
What is Hybrid

Hybrid is to connect public cloud, private cloud to fit the business requirements
• Public cloud for pay-as-you-go and auto-scale
• Private cloud for enhanced security, performance, reliability and ultimate control

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IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Bridge Clouds with Regions

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Bridge two clouds with two regions
• The same shared service (Keystone)
• Multiple regions and each region may cover one rack of servers
Targeted for resource consolidation in the same data center
• Multiple virtualization hypervisor, and bare metal
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Bridge Clouds with Federation (Distributed Cloud)


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Bridge Two OpenStack Clouds
• Nothing shared, and two clouds operated independent perfectly
• Federated Keystone
• Identity service using external identity providers
Targeted for OpenStack hybrid with OpenStack
• Primary OpenStack cloud and secondary OpenStack cloud in the same enterprise
• Private and public OpenStack cloud
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Bridge Cloud with the “Wild” Hybrid


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Bridged OpenStack Cloud with cloud having different architecture
• OpenStack with Amazon (not through OpenStack EC2 APIs)
• OpenStack with whatever cloud (completely different architecture)
Targeted for OpenStack hybrid with Non-OpenStack
• The resource from the other cloud is viewed/operated as another OpenStack region
• The user applications built upon OpenStack APIs don’t need to change
• Resource consolidated across multiple cloud vendors
• More flexibility to choose cloud resource vendors
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
How to Leverage Hybrid Cloud Model – Use Case 1

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Meet temporary capacity needs that can not be met by the private cloud
• Service capability automatically expanded according to the workload
• An application runs in a private cloud or data center and "bursts" to a public cloud when
the demand for computing capacity increases
• An organization only pays for extra compute resources when they are needed
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
How to leverage hybrid cloud – Use Case II
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8
Disaster Recovery and Backup
• Buy extra resource in public cloud to prepare the worst time
• Replicate the operation/metadata did from private to public
• Content (volume, VM, images) is replicated according to service agreement
• Recovered to private cloud after private service recovered
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
How to leverage hybrid cloud – Use Case III

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Special usage cloud (Storage cloud, and Computing cloud)
• Organization stores sensitive client data in house on a private cloud application
• Interconnect that application to a billing application provided on a public cloud as a
software service
• Use the computing capability in Public cloud as pay-as-you go
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation

Hybrid OpenStack Cloud Implementation I
Create another OpenStack cloud in the
targeted OpenStack/Non-OpenStack cloud
• TripleO: create OpenStack on top of
OpenStack for OpenStack based cloud
• Deployer: Major four steps
Step 1: Bare Metal provision
Step 2: Deploy with specific topology
Step 3: Configure the cloud
Step 4: minimum set of tests to ensure
the cloud is working
Operated as an extension of my private cloud
Enterprise
VPN connectivity
Internet
SoftLayer Firewall services
Developmen
t & Test
Big data
OpenStack API
…
Mobile
Customer
managed
OpenStack web portal
(Horizon)
OpenStack Cloud Management Software
IBM managed
(24x7 support,
99.95% SLA)
Hypervisor
Storage
…
SoftLayer Bare Metal Servers (dedicated infrastructure)
SoftLayer data center
10
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Hybrid Non-OpenStack Cloud Implementation II

Hybrid Framework for
Two Clouds
• A framework to
accept requests
from applications
• A plugin to translate
the requests to
another cloud APIs
Hybrid Cloud Management
Cross Cloud Scheduler
(e.g. Horizon)
Hybrid Engine Framework
OpenStack
Other Clouds
Jumpgate
Amazon
Adapter
On Premise Private Cloud
AliCloud
SoftLayer
Amazon
Off Premise shared (Public)
Off Premise dedicated (Private)
11
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
The prototype for Hybrid with Softlayer

Jumpgate
• https://github.com/softlayer/jumpgate
• translation layer to convert incoming OpenStack calls to different cloud provider’s API
calls
Identity
Compute
Block
Storage
Images
Jumpgate
softlayer-python
SoftLayer API
12
IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
Challenge of Hybrid Implementation


What has been done
• Federation in keystone
• Multi-region in OpenStack
What needs to be done (need help from community)
• Workload is not able to cross hybrid clouds
• Heat across multi-region
• Volume replicated cross hybrid clouds
• Big layer 2 switch with isolation and security
• Bare metal provisioning
• Glance repository to cross the hybrid cloud
• Different formats of images
• Require the image repository to have the same images
• Swift across private and public
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IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
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IBM Confidential - Do Not Distribute
© 2014 IBM Corporation
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