Pledge Unit

2014 overview
Mon ASL vs Eng lecture; Communication Continuum, defin of terms
Tue Pledge translate to ASL
Wed Translate to ASL
Thu gloss notes; write it in gloss;
Fri methods of comm worksheet
6. Mon film ASL pledge; safe driving assembly
7. Tue pledge in SEE
8. Wed Cued Speech
9. Thur For a Deaf Son
10. Fri For a Deaf Son (hand out test review)
Mon Film SEE pledge; begin Rochester method
Tue view different versions of the pledge
Wed test review and practice Roch time (can take test early)
Thu (30 min classes)
Fri film Rochester test
Methods of Communication
Pledge of Allegiance
Week 1
A Simple Comparison
Morse Code
Communication Continuum
Methods of Communication
Day 2
• Handout w y-day info (grammar)
• Begin Pledge translation into ASL
A breakdown of all the different systems.
Quick Review
Signed English
• Signed English
• Noun
a form of communication employing the signs of
American Sign Language but using English
grammar in place of ASL syntax and using
invented forms for English grammatical elements
such as of, to, the, and ing, where no ASL sign exists.
Quick Review
Pidgin Signed English (PSE)
• Pidgin Signed English (PSE) is a combination of American Sign
Language (ASL) and English.
• ASL is a distinct language, and (like most other languages) it does
not map perfectly to English. There is no equivalent for many
specific words and the syntax is completely different. Culturally
Deaf people, signing with each other, usually use ASL, but many
people, (frequently deaf or hard of hearing) who learn to sign later in
life, after hearing and using spoken English, do not sign strictly in
ASL. Instead, they use a mixture of ASL and English that is known
as PSE.
• With PSE, someone might sign most of the English words of a
sentence and use approximately the English syntax.
• PSE is not Signed Exact English (SEE), which uses signs for exact
English words (even signs that don't exist in ASL) and exact English
word order. SEE is most frequently used in educational settings,
where the theory is it will help the children learn English. PSE is
most frequently used by people whose primary language is spoken
• Culturally Deaf people are usually very adept at understanding and
using this blend of English and ASL when they sign with someone
who doesn't strictly use ASL.
Quick Review
What is Contact Variety Sign?
• ASL signs in English word order.
• English signs in ASL word order.
• English signs in English word order but in ASL
thought order.
• Conceptual correct signs in English order.
• Literal signs but in ASL order.
• Initialized signs in ASL order.
• Half English and half ASL signs.
Translating the
Pledge of Allegiance
Into ASL
What is the purpose?
• Is it for a student in class and they are
signing along at the same speed everyone
is saying it?
• Is it to dissect the meaning (during Deaf
Ed class) to help student understand what
and why he is saying it?
We are going to learn
• ASL conceptually accurate signs,
• with ASL use of space
• but we will keep the Pledge in English
thought order.
• This will allow a Deaf student to sign along
with the morning Pledge and keep up with
his hearing classmates.
P of A
• Slo mo
Pretty good translation
• Under
• Liberty
• One nation
• Indivisible
Day 4
• Methods of Comm worksheet
Methods of Communication
Discussion and Worksheet
Methods of Communication
• Discussion of Oral vs Manual approach to
• Worksheet
Day 5
• Writing ASL in Gloss
• Writing the Pledge in Gloss
Writing ASL in Gloss
A Brief Overview
• Notes taken in class
• Write out P of A in gloss for our class ASL
Methods of Communication
Pledge of Allegiance
Week 2
Day 6
• Film day Pledge in ASL
Film P of A ASL
Gloss (label) System
• Handout (from another teacher)
• Go over together in class. (this will help
you remember what we discussed last
• Add ~
• #6 grammar markers
Day 7
• Quick Gloss self quiz
• Gloss assignment
• SEE Pledge of Allegiance
• Translate to Eng as a class.
• If there is time-begin Wed lesson
Yesterday Gloss paper
• Quick self quiz on back
• Go over answers together in class.
Gloss ASL Pledge of A
• Formal assignment
• Typed
• Note: this is for the ASL version!! (not the
Pledge in Signed English
• Teach and practice in class
Pledge Signed Eng
FIF1w (labeled as PSE but really English)
Day 8
Cued Speech cont.
Your name
Cued Speech
A Brief Overview
What is Cued Speech
• Cued Speech is a mode of communication
based on the phonemes and properties of
traditionally spoken languages.
• Cueing allows users who are deaf or hard
of hearing or who have language /
communication disorders to access the
basic, fundamental properties of spoken
languages through the use of vision.
• Cued Speech was invented in 1966 by Dr. R. Orin
Cornett at Gallaudet College, Washington D.C.
• After discovering that children with prelingual and
profound hearing impairments typically have
poor reading comprehension, he developed the system
with the aim of improving the reading abilities of such
children through better comprehension of
the phonemes of English.
• As many sounds look identical on the lips (such
as /p/ and /b/), the hand signals introduce a visual
contrast in place of the formerly acoustic contrast.
• Cued Speech may also help people hearing incomplete
or distorted sound — according to the National Cued
Speech Association at, "cochlear
implants and Cued Speech are powerful partners".
• Since Cued Speech is based on making sounds visible
to the hearing impaired, Cued Speech is not limited to
use in English speaking nations.
• Because of the demand for use in other
languages/countries, by 1994 Dr. Cornett had adapted
cueing to 25 other languages and dialects.
• Originally designed to represent American English, the
system was adapted to French in 1977.
• As of 2005, Cued Speech has been adapted to
approximately 60 languages and dialects, including
six dialects of English.
• For tonal languages such as Thai, the tone is indicated
by inclination and movement of the hand.
• For English, Cued speech uses eight different hand
shapes and four different positions around the mouth.
Cued Speech and Literacy
• Cued Speech is based on the hypothesis that if all the
sounds in the spoken language looked clearly different
from each other on the lips of the speaker, those hearing
impaired would learn a language in much the same way
as a hearing person, but through vision rather than
• Cued Speech was developed with the intent of improving
literacy rates among children.
• Even today, one argument made by advocates of Cued
Speech for English users is that literacy rates for reading
English are significantly lower in those who learn
American Sign Language than those who learn Cued
• This difference typically is attributed to ASL being a
distinct language from English, with its
own syntax and lexical patterns, whereas Cued Speech
is not a language but simply a method of making spoken
sounds visible.
Short video about Cued Speech
• 5 min
One more video
• 9:46
Your Name
• Handout charts
Day 9
• Documentary “For a Deaf Son”
Day 10
• Documentary “For a Deaf Son”
Methods of Communication
Pledge of Allegiance
Week 3
Day 11
• Filming Pledge of A in Signed English
• Begin practicing P o A Rochester Method
Day 12
• Comparisons of different systems for the
pledge -videos
Contrasting the Different Signed
Cued Speech Pledge
Pledge Signed Eng
• (labeled as PSE but really English)
• Strong ASL translation
w Rob Nielson
• Eng vs ASL thought order
What is this?
• eng
Day 13
Test Review time
Practice Roch time
Written test tmw
Friday film Rochester Pledge
Day 14
• Written test
• ½ day so test will be tmw.
Day 15
• Film Rochester Pledge
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