WORD CHOICE & FORM for TOEIC TEST

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WORD CHOICE & FORM
for TOEIC TEST
by: Nuzul Ayni, MM
Try to fill in the blank
Try to fill in the blank
The best answer to the question is a.
terminal.
Word Choice
In word choice, how well you understand many kinds of
grammar are tested. Your knowledge of vocabulary is also
tested. You will see many commonly confused words. The
right answer may be a noun, verb, adjective, adverb,
preposition or conjunction. The questions with four answers
listed are related in some way. The words may look or sound
similar, but have different meanings. Words that are opposite
in meaning might also be used. Sometimes more than one
word may seem to be the right choice. Picking the right one
will depend on knowing how and when a word is used in
English. These words may have similar meanings (for example,
house and home) or grammatical use (for example, much and
many). Only one choice can work properly in the sentence.
Word Choice:
Learning Hint
This is one of the most difficult parts of learning
English because there are many words that
sound or look the same, but have different
meanings. Pay close attention to each answer
choice and check whether it fits in the context
of the sentence.
Word Choice:
Learning Hint
1) Words with similar spelling, words that rhyme,
words that sound alike, or words that are
opposite that do not have similar meanings.
For example:
Make sure to only use the _____ paper.
(A) vain
(B) vein
(C) pain
(D) plain
Word Choice:
Learning Hint
Make sure to only use the _____ paper.
(A) vain
(B) vein
(C) pain
(D) plain
The correct answer is (D). An adjective is needed to
complete the sentence. Plain is the only adjective that
makes sense. (A) is an adjective used to describe people,
not things (paper). (B) is a noun that sounds like (A). (C) is
a noun that rhymes with vein and plain.
Word Choice:
Learning Hint
2) Words with similar meanings, but different
usage:
The boss thinks we are doing a _____ job.
(A) goods
(B) well
(C) good
(D) badly
Word Choice:
Learning Hint
The boss thinks we are doing a _____ job.
(A) goods
(B) well
(C) good
(D) badly
The correct answer is (C). An adjective needed to complete
the sentence. Good is the only adjective. (A) is a noun. (D) is
an adverb. (B) is also an adverb. To use well, the sentence
would be, The boss thinks we are doing the job well. How is
the job being done? It is being done well. You cannot say, The
boss thinks we are doing the job good.
Word Form
Word families tests how well you know the
various types of words that can be made from
one word. A word can go from noun to verb to
adjective to adverb by changing the ending of
the word.
Word Form: Example
Which one is
the verb?
Which one is
the noun?
Which one is
the adjective?
NOUN
•Person
•Thing
•Idea
•Place
VERB
 Shows action.
 Links subject to
another word in the
sentence.
The little girl is sleeping
with her pink doll.
ADJECTIVE
 Describes and modifies
a noun or pronoun.
 Answer questions,
“what kind?” or “how
many?”
a beautiful scenery
The Markers / Endings
Noun
-ance, -ence, -ancy, -ism, ion, -ity, -ian, -ment.
Verb
-en, -ify, -ize, -ish.
Adjective
-ous, -able, -ible, -al, -ful, less.
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