Greek and Latin Roots

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August
th
18 ,
2014
• Writer’s Notebook: Friday we talked about
how we each react to new learning challenges
in different ways.
Describe the habits of a person who is a
successful learner. Which of these habits do
you practice regularly?
Where did they come from?
• Directions:
• Using the list of English words provided,
identify what language they originated from.
Write the correct words in each column of the
table.
Routes of English
• www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/routesofenglish
The Formation of English
• Latin was spoken by Romans
• Romans conquered most of
Europe
• Latin spoken in different areas
of Europe developed into
Italian, French, Spanish,
Portuguese.
• These languages are called
“Sister Languages” because
they all developed from the
same language, Latin.
Word Invasion
• In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded
England, and he spoke French, a language
derived from Latin.
• Now approximately 60% of English words are
borrowed from French
• Monks from Rome also brought Latin terms.
• During the 17th & 18th centuries, English was
seen as imperfect and Latin was seen as
perfect so to use Latin words in place of
English was seen as a good practice
Professional Vocabulary
• Latin is used by doctors, attorneys, religious leaders,
and other professions.
• The Catholic church conducted all masses entirely in
latin until 1969.
• Many latin drama/comedy authors adopted plots,
characters, and other ideas from the greeks.
• University classes are often taught entirely in latin at
many european universities.
• Latin was used frequently to write scientific and
philosophical texts until the late 1800's because of its
grammatical flexability.
Examples
•
•
•
•
•
“scapul stat”
“Et cetera” or etc.
“&”
“pro bono”
“Canus” (Canine)
=immediately”
=and otherwise
=and
=for the good
=dog
Parts of a Word
• Root- contains the core meaning of the word.
• Prefix- placed at the beginning of a word to
change its meaning.
• Suffix- placed at the end of a word to change
its meaning.
Diagram Practice
• Biology
• Preview
• Archetype
Dictionary Practice!
Greek and Latin
Roots
Segment #1
Root
Meaning
1. arch ancient
Example
archetype
Segment #1
Root
Meaning
2. aster/ star
astra
Example
astronomy
Segment #1
Root Meaning
3. audi
hear
Example
audible
Segment #1
Root Meaning
4.bio
life
Example
biology
Segment #1
Root
Meaning
5. chloro green
Example
chlorophyll
Segment #1
Root
Meaning
Example
6. chrono
time
chronology
Segment #1
Root Meaning
7. geo earth
Example
geography
Segment #1
Root
Meaning Example
8.hydro water
hydrate
Segment #1
Root
Meaning
9.jur/
just
law
Example
jury/
justice
Segment #1
Root Meaning
10.olig few
Example
oligarchy
Segment #1
Root
11.osteo
Meaning
bone
Example
osteoporosis
Segment #1
Root
12.ped
Meaning
child
Example
pediatrics
Segment #1
Root Meaning
13.pod
foot
Example
podiatrist
Segment #1
Root Meaning
14.tele
far off
Example
telephone
Segment #1
Root
Meaning
Example
15.vac
empty
vacant
Segment #2
Root
Meaning
Example
1. anti 1. against 1. antiwar
Segment #2
Root Meaning
2. auto 2. self
Example
2. autobiography
Segment #2
Root Meaning
Example
3.carn 3.meat 3.carnivore
Segment #2
Root
Meaning
Example
4. dent/ 4.teeth 4.dentist /
orthodontist
dont
Segment #2
Root Meaning
Example
5. dyn 5. power 5. dynamite
Segment #2
Root Meaning
Example
6.gig 6.giant 6.gigabyte
Segment #2
Root Meaning
7.hex 7.six
Example
7.hexagon
Segment #2
Root
Meaning
Example
8. inter 8. between 8. international
Segment #2
Root
Meaning
Example
9. kil 9. thousand 9. kilowatt
Segment #2
Root Meaning
10.mal 10.bad
Example
10.malpractice
Segment #2
Root
Meaning
11.mega 11.great,
large
Example
11.megabyte
Segment #2
Root
Meaning Example
12.micro 12.very 12.microscopic
small
Segment #2
Root Meaning
Example
13.mort 13.death 13.immortal
Segment #2
Root
Meaning
Example
14.multi 14.many 14.multitude
Segment #2
Root
Meaning
Example
15.oct 15.eight 15.octopus
Segment #3
Root Meaning
1. brev 1. short
Example
1. abbreviation
Segment #3
Root Meaning
2. derm 2. skin
Example
2. dermatologist
Segment #3
Root
Meaning Example
3. manu 3. hand 3. manual
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
4. proto 4. first
Example
4. prototype
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
Example
5. struct 5. build 5. construct
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
Example
6.ter / 6.earth 6.territory
terr
Segment #3
Root Meaning
7. luc / 7. light
lum
Example
7. illuminate
/
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
Example
8. path 8. feeling 8. sympathy
Segment #3
Root Meaning
Example
9.uni 9.one 9.unicycle
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
10.quad 10.four
Example
10.quadruple
Segment #3
Root Meaning
Example
11.clud 11.closed 11.exclude /
/ clos
closed
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
12.pent / 12.five
penta
Example
12.pentagon
Segment #3
Root Meaning
Example
13.sub 13.under 13.submarine
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
14.theo 14.god
Example
14.theology
Segment #3
Root
Meaning
Example
15.tox 15.poison 15.toxic
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
Example
1. graph 1. write 1. graphic
Segment #4
Root Meaning
2. hemo 2. blood
Example
2. hemoglobin
Segment #4
Root
Meaning Example
3. log / 3. word / 3. dialogue
logue
thought
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
Example
4. meter / 4. measure 4. thermometer
metr
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
6. vid / 6. see
vis
Example
6. video /
vision
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
Example
7.flect 7.bend 7.reflect /
/ flex
flexible
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
Example
8. frag / 8. break 8. fragment
fract
/ fracture
Segment #4
Root Meaning
9. mis / 9. send
mit
Example
9. transmission
/ transmit
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
Example
10.pul 10.force 10.compel
/ pel
Segment #4
Root Meaning
11.tri
Example
11.three 11.triangle
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
Example
12.soph 12.wisdom 12.philosophy
Segment #4
Root
Meaning
13.metro 13.city
Example
13.metropolis
Segment #4
Root Meaning
14.cap 14.head
Example
14.decapitate
Segment #4
Root Meaning
Example
15.crat 15.rule 15.democrat
Segment #5
Root Meaning
Example
1. -al 1. relating 1. maternal
to
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
2. ambi - 2. both
Example
2. ambiguous
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
Example
3. ante- 3. before 3. antebellum
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
Example
4. -arium 4. place 4. aquarium
of
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
Example
5. centi- 5. hundred 5. centimeter
Segment #5
Root
6. de-
Meaning Example
6. from / 6. depart
down
Segment #5
Root Meaning
7.di-
7.two
Example
7.dissect
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
Example
8. dis- 8. opposite 8. disable
Segment #5
Root
Meaning Example
9.ex- 9.out 9.exit
Segment #5
Root
Meaning Example
10.hypo- 10.too
little
10.hypothermia
Segment #5
Root Meaning
Example
11.in- 11.not 11.invalid
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
Example
12.inter- 12.between 12.interstate
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
Example
13.intra- 13.within 13.intramurals
Segment #5
Root Meaning
14.-ist
Example
14.one who 14.biologist
practices
Segment #5
Root
Meaning
Example
15.nano- 15.billion 15.nanosecond
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
1. macro- 1. large
Example
1. macrocosm
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
2. micro- 2. small
Example
2. microscope
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
3.mis- 3.bad
Example
3.mistake
Segment #6
Root Meaning
Example
4.neo- 4.new 4.neonatal
Segment #6
Root Meaning
5. omni- 5. all
Example
5. omniscient
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
Example
6. per- 6. throughout 6. pervade
Segment #6
Root Meaning
Example
7. peri- 7. all
7. periscope
around
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
Example
8. poly- 8. many 8. polygon
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
9. post- 9. after
Example
9. postpone
Segment #6
Root Meaning
Example
10.pre- 10.before 10.prepare
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
Example
11.pro- 11.forward 11.progress
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
Example
12.re- 12.again 12.reappear
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
Example
13.retro- 13.back 13.retrospect
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
14.super- 14.more
than
Example
14.superpower
Segment #6
Root
Meaning
Example
15.sym- 15.together 15.symmetry
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