PPT-Tools - Portnov Computer School

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Selenium HP
Web Test Tool Training
Test Automation For Web-Based
Applications
Portnov Computer School
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Tools for Writing Automated Tests
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Firefox Add-ons

Firefox Add-ons allows to extend the functionality of the
Firefox browser.

Large selection of add-ons available.
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Read the reviews and choose what you need the most.

These Add-ons make your life easier by doing the
expected jobs within your browser, instead of looking for
an answer outside.
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DOM Inspector
 Document Object Model (DOM) Inspector is a tool that can be used
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to inspect and edit the live DOM of any web document or XUL (XML
User Interface Language) application.
The DOM hierarchy can be navigated using a two-paned window
that allows for a variety of different views on the document and all
nodes within.
This add-on depends on binary changes to Firefox, and will not
work with Firefox 2.
Inspects the structure and properties of a window and its contents.
URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/6622
 Click Add to Firefox
 Press Install Now button
 Press Restart Firefox Now button
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X-Path Checker
 An interactive editor for XPath expressions.
 Choose “View XPath” in the context menu and it will
show the editor.
 You can edit the XPath expression and it incrementally
updates the results.
URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/enUS/firefox/addon/1095
 Click Add to Firefox
 Select XPath Checker then Press
 Install Now button
 Press Restart Firefox Now button
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XPather
 XPath generator, editor, inspector and simple extraction
tool. Since FF3, it requires DOM inspector plug-in .
 URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/1192
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Click Add to Firefox
Select XPather and Press Install Now button
Press Restart Firefox Now button
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Venkman – JavaScript Debugger
 Henchman is the code name for Mozilla's JavaScript Debugger.
 Venkman aims to provide a powerful JavaScript debugging
environment for Mozilla based browsers.
 URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/216
 Click Add to Firefox
 Select JavaScript and Press Install Now button
 Press Restart Firefox Now button
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Web Developer
 Adds a menu and a toolbar with various web developer tools.
URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/60
 Click Add to Firefox
 Select Web Developer and Press Install Now button
 Press Restart Firefox Now button
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Regular Expressions Tester
 Allows you to test regular expressions. The tool includes options like
case sensitive, global and multi-line search, color highlighting of
found expressions and of special characters, a replacement function
incl. back references, auto-closing of brackets, testing while writing
and saving and managing of expressions.
URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/2077
 Click Add to Firefox
 Select Regular Expression Tester and Press Install Now button
 Press Restart Firefox Now button
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HTML Validator
 HTML Validator adds HTML validation inside Firefox and Mozilla. The
number of errors of a HTML page is seen on the form of an icon in
the status bar when browsing. W3C Validator for HTML 4.01 and
XHTML.
URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/249
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Click Add to Firefox
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Select Html Validator and Press Install Now button
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Press Restart Firefox Now button
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Select SGML Parser (w3.org uses the same)
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Go through the user guide for more information
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ColorZilla
 Webpage DOM Color Analyzer - analyze DOM element colors on any
Web page, find out what CSS rules set the colors, locate
corresponding elements. Displays element information like tag
name, class, id, size, relative mouse position etc.
 Eyedropper - get the color of any pixel in the browser window.
URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/271
 Click Add to Firefox
 Select ColorZilla and Press Install Now button
 Press Restart Firefox Now button
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Firebug
 Firebug integrates with Firefox to put a wealth of development tools
at your fingertips while you browse. You can edit, debug, and
monitor CSS, HTML, and JavaScript live in any web page.
 Firebug 1.2 requires Firefox 3. Firefox 2 users should install the
older 1.05 version of Firebug.
URL to Add: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/1843
 Click Add to Firefox
 Select Firebug and Press
 Install Now button
 Press Restart Firefox Now button
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Target

Required for many Selenium commands
 verifyText
 verifyElementPresent
 click
 type
and many others
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Identifies an element in the content of the web
application
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Consists of the location strategy followed by the location
– locatorType=location
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Default Locators
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Locators starting with “document” will use the DOM
locator strategy
 dom = document.forms[0].username
 document.forms[0].elements['username‘]
Locators starting with “//” will use the XPath locator
strategy
 //input[@name='continue'][@type='button']
 xpath=/html/body/form/input[4]
Locators that don’t specify a valid locator type will
default to using the identifier locator.
 identifier=loginForm
 username
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Locating by CSS
CSS selectors can be used by Selenium as another locating strategy
1. To locate css class, append the class name to the parent tag name
using a period (.)
2. To locate css id append the id name to the parent tag name using a
pound sign (#)
3. To locate by property, include the property name and value in
square brackets next to the parent tag name.
*1
*2
css=form#loginForm
*3
css=input[name=
"username"]
css=input.required
[type=“password"]
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References
CSS:
http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-selectors/
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Xpath
http://www.w3schools.com/Xpath/
http://www.w3.org/TR/xpath
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Using Selenium Find Button
Locate elements by using Selenium IDE “Find” button.
What if you are on the wrong page where element is not present?
*1
Highlight line in
Selenium script
*2
Press “Find” Button
*3
Observe element
getting highlighted in
the application.
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Locate Elements Using FireBug
*1
*2
*3
Open Firebug by
clicking on the icon
Select HTML Console
Observe different
options available for
HTML console
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Locate Elements Using HTML Console
*1
Navigate to HTML
element in HTML console
*2
Observe element
getting highlighted on
the page
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Inspect Element
*1
*2
Select an element and
right click on it.
Select Inspect Element
*3
Observe HTML code with
this element getting
highlighted in HTML
console
OR
Select Inspect Element Icon, press it down
and navigate around page selecting
elements.
When you put your mouse over the
element, HTML code will get highlighted.
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Locating Element’s XPath
*1
*2
Select an element and right click
on it. Select Inspect Element.
Locate HTML code for
that element and right
click on it.
*3
Select Copy Xpath
option and paste it into
Notepad
*4
Use copied Xpath in
Selenium scripts
/html/body/form/table/tbody/tr/td[2]/table/tbody/tr/td[2]/table/tbody/tr[4]/td[2]/input
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Practice Test
Locate elements by using Selenium IDE “Find” button and
Firebug.
1.
Replace default Selenium locators with absolute path.
( You can use Invalid Login element)
PLEASE DO NOT RESPOND TO THIS NOTICE BY EMAIL. *****
Use absolute path
Use CSS locator
1.
Replace default locator for the word “HRM” on login
page with CSS locator.
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Xpath/CSS locators
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