Unicode

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SUB : ICT
STD X
Unicode
Chapter No 5
Created By
Mr.Joshi B.D
ICT Board Member
Presented By
Kulkarni S.A.
STD X
Unicode - युनिकोड
Reality:
Unicode is supported by the IT industry including Microsoft, Sun,
IBM, Apple, HP and Oracle. To make documents more readable
across platforms and machines, the Unicode specification was
created and has been implemented in many systems.
Unicode - Benefits
1. User can continue to work in the same manner.
2. Unicode doesn’t play any role in pricing decisions. (We use
softwares now Unicode compliant.)
3. Unicode is only a standard, not a software or technology.
4. Unicode based documents take a little extra space than the
non-Unicode ones.
Unicode - युनिकोड
Unicode Encoding - An encoding system, like ASCII assigns a number
to each letter, number or character. Operating systems include
programs and fonts which convert these numbers to letters visible
on screen.
Unicode, also known as UTF-8 or the "Universal Alphabet" is an ordered
set of over a million characters. Systems recognize Unicode, can read and
process data from many languages. Unicode was developed way back in
1990s. Unicode aims to transcend the limitations of traditional character
encodings such as those defined by the ISO 8859 standard.
Many older Web sites were vendor specific and complicated. To
view a Unicode document, a computer must have font installed
includes characters for the script. Unicode fonts are two types Arial Unicode MS (for Windows) and Lucida Unicode (Macintosh).
What is Unicode? युनिकोड म्हणजे काय?





Most-complete character-set.
The largest encoding scheme.
Supports major scripts and multi-lingual environments, supports
mathematics, scientific symbols also.
Unicode ensures standardization for data use and storage. Being a 16 bit
encoding standard, Unicode can represent 65,536 characters.
It is promoted by Unicode Consortium.
Unicode works across …





Hardware platforms (Desktops, Laptops, PDAs etc from various
Manufacturer like Intel processor based PC, Apple Macintosh
machine, AMD processor based PCs )
Operating Systems (Windows, Mac, Linux, BSD etc.)
Software programs (Unicode compliant)
Languages (Most of the world’s languages )
On Internet (All major browsers - Internet Explorer for Windows, Internet
Explorer for Macintosh , Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Opera )
Languages Interoperability –


Unicode different scripts co-exist harmoniously in single document.
User can shift between languages/scripts without using separate
software for each language. User can shift between languages
even without changing the font.
Unicode Interoperability – Cross Hardware
PC with Intel Processor
I understand what
he is writing because
it is Unicode
Cross Operating System Operability
Windows XP
Linux
Apple Macintosh
BSD
Work on any operating system and take your work anywhere
Cross Browser Interoperability
They can all see text
written in Unicode
Unicode, Installation & Uses
Use of Unicode to Establish
Marathi Language in
Computer
कॉम््युटरवर मराठी टाईप
करण्याकरता य़नु िकोडचा
वापर
Introduction:
We were facing many problems
while typing anything in
regional languages other than
English.
तोंडऒळख -
प्रादे शीक / स्थानिक भाषाांमध्ये टाईप
करतािा अिेक समस्याांिा सामोरे
जावे लागते.
Solution for all these questions
is Unicode.
ह्या सवव समस्याांवर य़नु िकोड सहज
व सोपा मागव आहे .
We shall learn how to work
with Unicode. ‘BarahaIME‘ is
one of many Unicode softwares
available on internet.
ह्याकरता बराहा सॉफ़्टवेअरचा वापर
करता येऊ शकतो.
What is Unicode?
य़नु िकोड म्हणजे काय?
There is code for each character
in computer. Different codes for
single character were made
which are changing according to
software. If we make single
code for single character, then it
will minimize problems in
typing. And this lead to
discovery of Unicode system.
कॉम्प्य़ुटरमध्ये
वेगवेगळ्या
सॉफ़्टवेअर मध्ये प्रत्येक अक्षराकरता
वेगवेगळा कोड असतो. ह्यामुळे
कॉम्प्युटर य़ुजरना वेगवेगळ्या
समसयाांना सामोरे जावे लागते.
कॉम्प्युटर वापरणे सुलभ व्हावे
ह्याकरताच
य़ुननकोडचा जन्म
झाला.
Now, Control panel window will
be displayed on the screen.Select
‘Regional and Language’ option.
Double click. You will get
‘Regional and language option’
window. Select Language option
from it’s menu
कांट्रोल पॅिेलमध्ये "ररजिल ऍडां
लॅं ग्वेजेस" ऑ्शिमधील
लॅं ग्वेजेस वर क्लीक करा.
Regional Language Settings
You will get Add Input language window.
Select
button in input
language box so that it will
give list of available regional
languages. Select Marathi
from that list.
इन्पट
ु लॅं ग्वेजमध्ये मराठीवर
क्लीक करा.
Again select keyboard layout option from ‘Add input language’
and select Marathi option from list, then click on OK
In Preferences - Follow Language
Bar settings shown above
You have to remember key (shift + ctrl +0 ) in ‘switch to Marathi –
Marathi’ option. For this, again you have to select key setting
which will give ‘Advanced key setting’ window. Go to ‘Marathi –
Marathi’ option, finally click on OK button, so that Marathi will be
successfully installed using Unicode system in your computer
Now computer is ready to
work with Marathi using
Unicode.
There will be Language Bar
on task bar of your
computer. From that you will
understand which language
is active on computer.
We have to use Inscript Keyboard. In this method, it is necessary
for us to learn typing. Keyboard layout is given below.
Alternative for this is BarahaIME software which includes phonetic keyboard and
in script method. For Computer Users, in general, Phonetic keyboard is more
easier than in script method. While using BARAH IME in Office 2007, use F11 Function key for language change.
Ka
क
kA
का
Ki
कक
Kee
की
Ku
कु
K
कू
kRu
कृ
kRU Klru klRU
कॄ
क्ल्रु
क्ल्लॄ
K~e
कॅ
ke
के
kE
कॆ
kai
कै
K~o
कॉ
ko
को
kO
कॊ
Kou
कौ
kaM kaH
कं
कः
Thus, we can easily type in Marathi with the help of Unicode
setting or Installation of BarahaIME.
Pratik
प्रनतक
D~okTar
डॉक्टर
rakShaN
रक्षण
tyAg
त्याग
rAmachaMdr
रामचांद्र
RUShI
ॠषी
shaktee
शक्ती
trikoN
त्रिकोण
Google Translate
Google Translate
Google Translate is a free automatic translator. Google Translate
currently supports translation between 57 languages (eg Afrikaans,
Albanian, etc Available in Hindi but not for Marathi)
Translate text
To translate words and phrases, select your translation language and
start typing. The translation result will appear instantly as you type.
(PC be Javascript enabled )
Input text phonetically
Many languages are difficult to type as keyboard layout is complex
for that script. While translating, as you type these languages as they
sound in English - for example, "You" for "आप" in Hindi, when you
press space, the word is being converted to Hindi script, and its
translation will be displayed in the widow on right hand side.
Google Translate
Translate entire web page
Google Translate is an easy way to translate whole document
without the need for copying and pasting block of text. Click
translate a document link and submit your file as a PDF, TXT, DOC,
PPT, XLS or RTF. Original formatting may not be preserved.
The Google Translate Web Element allows you to instantly make
your website available in other languages.
Google Transliterate – www.google.com /inputtools/cloud/try/
Google Transliterate – www.google.com /inputtools/cloud/try/
Google Transliteration converts Roman characters to their
phonetic equivalent in desired language, this differs from
translation. - It is the sound of the words that are converted
from one alphabet to the other, not their meaning.
Transliteration is available for many languages (at present 23) .
Transliteration is also available in Blogger, Gmail, Orkut.
Typing phonetically - Once you select your target language, start
typing a word just the way it sounds in your language using English
letters. Once you finish typing a word and hit the SPACE bar, the
word will be converted to your local language script.
Google Transliterate – www.google.com /inputtools/cloud/try/
Correcting and editing words - In most cases, the transliterated word
is correct. However, sometimes the transliteration may not be what
you were looking for.
Switching between English and transliteration language - Pressing
SHIFT + SPACE after a word (instead of SPACE) skips the transliteration
of the previous word.
Using the dictionary - Google Transliteration has integrated with
Google Dictionary to provide a convenient in-place method to look up
word meanings across languages.
Thank You
धन्यवाद
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