Why Registration

General Principles of Voter
Why to Register?
• RP Act 1951 allows only those to vote
whose names are in the current electoral
rolls of the constituency.
• The fairness of an election is directly
related to correctness of the electoral roll.
• The representative form of government
requires inclusiveness of all eligible persons
as electors.
Who can be Registered ?
• Every person can be registered in an Electoral Roll of the
Constituency who is
– a citizen of India
– not less than 18 years of age on the qualifying date
– is ordinarily resident in the Constituency
Who is ‘Ordinarily Resident’ ?
No definition is given under RP Act,1950, however a person is
considered ordinarily resident if:
• s/he uses that place for sleeping
• her/his temporary absence from that place due to employment
or pleasure does not disqualify from being considered
• s/he possesses the ability and intention to return to that place
Exceptions to General Principles of Ordinary
• Members of Parliament and State Legislatures can be
registered in their home Constituencies even if that is not
their normal place of residence
• Inmates of jails and other legal custody, hospitals,
beggar homes etc. are not included in the Electoral Roll of
that Constituency
• Eligible students living in hostel or mess can either be
registered as ordinarily resident in the place where hostel
or mess is located or at their residence with their parents.
Exceptions to General Principles of
Ordinary Residence
• Service voters i.e. members of armed forces can be
registered at their native place. Native place could be
same or different from place of posting (Detailed
discussions in later slides).
• Persons holding declared offices i.e. President,
Ministers etc. (see paragraph 10 chapter 3 of
Handbook of EROs) can be registered in the
Constituency where they would be ordinarily resident
were they not holding the said office, if they have
given statement in Form 1 of RER, 1960
Disqualification for Registration in an
Electoral Roll
• Under Section 16 of RPA 1950, a person is disqualified
for registration if:
– Not a citizen of India
– Of unsound mind, only if declared so by the
competent court
– Temporarily disqualified from voting under any law
relating to corrupt practices and other electoral
– If already registered, name is struck off the roll, if
disqualification removed under any law, name is reinserted
– A person is disqualified for voting at any election if:
• Convicted an offence punishable under Section
171E or 171F of IPC or Section 135/136(2) (a) of
RPA, 1951 for 6 years
• Disqualified by a decision of the President under
Section 8(A) of RPA, 1951 for the period specified
by the President.
• Person can only be registered only once in an Electoral
Roll of only one Constituency under Section 17 & 18 of
RPA, 1950 (name can be registered only at one place, but
it can be transposed from one place to another)
Penal Provisions
Breach of Official Duty:
ERO or AERO are punishable under Section 32 of RPA,1950 if found
guilty of any act or omission related to the preparation, revision and
correction of an Electoral Roll.
Court takes action against such offence only if the complaint is lodged by
ECI or CEO of the State
Punishable with imprisonment of minimum three months, maximum two
years and fine
No suit or other legal proceedings can take place against such officer.
Making False Declaration:
Any person is punishable under Section 31 of RPA 1950 if he makes any
false written statement which he believes to be false in relation to
preparation, revision and correction of Electoral Roll
Offence is non-cognizable, bailable under Section 31 of RPA,1950 and is
based on a written complaint by aggrieved person
Period of limitation starts on the date of the order passed by ERO
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