Nature of Language

means of expressing emotional
or mental concepts by any living
being and of communicating
them to or receiving them from
other living beings
use senses of speech and hearing in
which the sounds uttered or heard
are so combined in systems evolved,
conventionalized and recognize by
common usage
Characteristics of Language
• Systematic
• Social
• Non-instinctive
• defining characteristic of human beings
• basis of human community
 inform, persuade, challenge,
support, and entertain each other
(Dias, Beer, Ledwell-Brown, Pare, & Pittenger, 1992)
• building blocks of literature
as a Second Language
in the Philippine Setting
Looking Back
• Introduction of English
• English as medium of instruction
• Article XIV, Sec. 6 & 7
1987 Constitution
• Importance of English
 language of commerce & science
 language of international
English in the
Engagement in the meaningful use of
language = self-discovery, expression,
communication, and learning
• learn about language as a necessary tool
for effective communication and consider
elements of structure (text, sentence, word),
spelling, grammar, usage, and mechanics
(punctuation, capitalization)
• learn through language by applying
their knowledge of language to their
listening, speaking, reading, and
writing experiences
• Enduring significant human
experiences captured in words
well-chosen & arranged
– Medium: language
– Content: ideas
– Purpose: entertainment and persuasion
"Literature adds to reality, it does
not simply describe it. It enriches
the necessary competencies that
daily life requires and provides; and
in this respect, it irrigates the
deserts that our lives have already
- C.S Lewis, a British scholar and novelist
• serves as an enormous information
• portrayals of the thinking patterns
and social norms prevalent in society
• through reading such great literary
and poetic works, one understands
“ They are a depiction of the different facets of
common man's life. Classical literary works
serve as a food for thought and a tonic for
imagination and creativity. Exposing an
individual to good literary works, is
equivalent to providing him/her with the
finest of educational opportunities. On the
other hand, the lack of exposure to classic
literary works is equal to depriving an
individual from an opportunity to grow as an
Philippine Literature
(a glimpse)
1. Period of Re-orientation 1898-1910
2. Period of Imitation 1910-1925
American Regime 1898-1941
3. Period of Self-Discovery 1925- 1941
4. Japanese Period 1941- 1945
5. Rebirth of Freedom 1946-1970
6. Period of Activism 1970-1972
7. Period of New Society 1972-1981
8. Period of the 3rd Republic 1981-1985
9. Contemporary Period 1986 -
1. Form / Shape
2. Imaginative grasp of the
3. Insight into those
universal human
4. Moral concerns or validity
5. Style
Grade 7, 1st & 2nd Quarter
• 1st Quarter
Theme: Appreciating Myself
Key Word: Origin
2nd Quarter
Theme: Building Relationships
Key Word: Apprenticeship
• 3rd Quarter
Theme: Asserting Myself
Key Words: Experimentation & Emergence
4th Quarter
Theme: Linking with the World
Key Word: Mastery
“READ not to
confute, nor to
for granted, nor
discourse, but
contradict or
believe or take
to find talk and
to weigh and
- Francis Bacon
“Footnote to Youth”
Jose Garcia Villa
The sun was salmon and hazy in the west.
Dodong thought to himself he would tell his
father about Teang when he got home, after
he had unhitched the carabao from the plow,
and let it to its shed and fed it. He was
hesitant about saying it, but he wanted his
father to know.
What he had to say was of serious import as it
would mark a climacteric in his life. Dodong
finally decided to tell it, at a thought came to
him his father might refuse to consider it. His
father was silent hard-working farmer who
chewed areca nut, which he had learned to do
from his mother, Dodong’s grandmother.
I will tell it to him. I will tell it to him.
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