Gustave Guillaume Chronogenesis

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Translation into film:
Is Cinema a language?
The structuralist definition states that a language has 2 levels of articulation.
1: Articulation of Smallest Functional Units
t,p, b allow for the articulation of different signs such as tin
pin
bin
2: Articulation of Smallest Meaningful Units
go, come, take allow for the articulation of sentences such as
we go
we come
we take
Translation into film:
Is Cinema a language?
Is there such a system of double articulation in film that uses 2 types of units
to produce a third one?
Units without meanings
combined to form
Graphemes
Phonemes
Units with meanings
combined to form
Words
Syntactic units of
language
Sentences
Translation into film:
Is Cinema a language?
No
Translation into film:
Is Cinema a language?
Yes
Translation into film:
Is Cinema a language?
Yes
Something else
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
and
Chronogenesis
“Language is a dynamic system of thoughts. Not a fixed system of signs.”
“Langue” or Language
Langue refers to the
system of signs used to
communicate.
The approach is
grammatical.
“Parole” or Discourse
Parole refers to utterances produced
by the use of Langue.
The approach is pragmatic.
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
and
Chronogenesis
Language
Linguistics
Grammar
Generative Grammar
Psychology
Rhetoric
Structuralism
Discourse
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
Operative Time
4 Said
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
4 Said
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
4 Said
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
What is Unsayable? And how does the Unsayable becomes Sayable?
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
4 Said
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
Simple percepts in stage 1 are transformed into concepts in stage 2
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
4 Said
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
Proper translation has to retrieve the intended message in stage 1
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
From a permanent system of signs to the actualization
4 Said
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
From Representation to Expression
4 Said
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
From Expression to Impression
4 Said
Gustave Guillaume
Psychomechanichs of language
1 Unsayable
2 Sayable
3 Saying
Operative Time
Langue
Language
Parole
Discourse
From Expression to Impression
4 Said
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
Representing actions with words
The traditional scientific aporia of the many presents
The present
of the action
The present
of the witness
The present
of the utterance
The present
of the reception
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
Representing actions with words
The traditional scientific aporia of the many presents
The present
of the action
The present
of the witness
The present
of the utterance
The present
of the reception
Sometimes, the performer, the witness, the receiver are present together
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
Representing actions with words
The traditional scientific aporia of the many presents
The present
of the action
The present
of the witness
The present
of the utterance
Most of the times, this is not the case!
The present
of the reception
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
Representing actions with words
The traditional scientific aporia of the many presents
The present
of the action
The present
of the witness
The present
of the utterance
Most of the times, this is not the case!
The present
of the reception
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
Representing actions with words
The traditional scientific aporia of the many presents
The present
of the action
The present
of the witness
The present
of the utterance
This is also possible!
The present
of the reception
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
Representing actions with words
The traditional scientific aporia of the many presents
has its origin in this representation of time
Future
Past
Past
Where several Nows separate the line of Time
Into several different Pasts and Futures.
Future
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
Instead of analyzing the representation of actions on the sole basis of a pre-determined
representation of Time, Guillaume proposes that the representation of actions with
words contributes to the representation of Time…
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
The formation of the image of time or chronogenesis is observable as a thought
process in the activity of the producer of the message.
in Posse
in Fieri
in Esse
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
The action described by the verb is seen as a tension towards its achievement.
The meaning of an occurrence is determined by its position in this process.
in Posse
in Fieri
in Esse
Possible
Probable
Actual
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
The verb does not only point to the identification of the instant of the action
(now) but also to the stage of development in the process of accomplishing the action
in Posse
in Fieri
in Esse
Possible
Probable
Actual
Gustave Guillaume
Chronogenesis
We identify this capacity of the verb as its plasticity.
Something very important when coming to translate words into images…
in Posse
To go
I will go
in Fieri
I am going
I will be going
Je me suis couché de bonne heure
in Esse
I went
I will have gone
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