Prelim Revision National 5 Close Reading Tone Questions “She was the kind of girl the others longed to be: an empty headed, bleach blonde, walking skeleton.” 1. • • • A) In the extract above is the writer being: Sympathetic Sarcastic Sincere 1 Tone Continued “Becoming a walking Barbie takes great skill; about as much as is needed to become the star player of Manchester United. It involves a hard slog every weekday morning as they plaster on their foundation and practice applying their eyelashes –all training for ‘the big game’ on Saturday night.” b) From what we are told in the above lines, justify your choice. 2 Answer 1.b • Answers must shown an understanding of the apparent incompatibility (1) of the writer’s attitude to Barbie looks and his attitude to football training (1). Tone Continued Five years ago all the major magazines –like Glamour or Heat- would have slaughtered me for such a comparison. They would have defended the rights of the young and misguided to dress whatever way they wanted. It is only in recent years that a change has occurred, that magazine editors are finally seeing the light… 1. c) Quote an expression that suggests that in the past Glamour did not agree with the writer. 1A Answer 1.c • “…Glamour or Heat would have slaughtered me for such a comparison.” • “They would have defended the rights of the young and misguided…” • “It is only in recent years that a change has occurred…” • “in recent years… magazine editors are finally seeing the light” Explain It’s the damned fake tan and false eyelashes that they really despise. The low cut tops and layer upon layer of foundation. They might condemn women for giving into the latest fashion trends or wearing uncomfortable heels but this is far more acceptable to the feminists. 2. a) Explain clearly how the writer suggests that the feminist group thinks the Barbie look is worse than ordinary fashion. 2 2.a Answer • Answers must show appreciation of the degree of distaste (1) suggested by ‘damned’ used for Barbie looks and ‘condemned’ used for normal fashion (1) • Eg. The use of ‘damned’ for Barbie looks suggests that they will suffer eternal punishment (1) whereas ‘condemned’ just suggests they find them guilty of bad fashion choices (1) Evaluation Beauty is a hot potato in the magazine world. On one hand, women love to read about the latest trends and see what all the celebrities are wearing. On the other hand, magazines don’t want to be accused of promoting a certain look or of suggesting everyone should follow the size zero trend. 2.b) The writer uses imagery to describe the topic of beauty. Identify and quote a suitable example . Go on to explain clearly why this is an effective way to describe the topic. 2 2.C “The rights of the Barbie dolls and the fashion conscious have been championed by a variety of well-meaning men.” 2.c) How does the author’s word choice assert the author’s attitude to men? 4 2C II “The rights of the Barbie dolls and fashion conscious have been championed by a variety of well-meaning men.” 2c ii) Given the issue being discussed, why might the word ‘men’ be unexpected here? 2 Answer 2cii • The topic being discussed affects only women (1) yet ‘men’ are mentioned as the people defending them (1). Question 3. Research has shown that women who spend more than half an hour on their appearance are less likely to get jobs at interviews. 3. In your own words, what exactly has been discovered by the research? 1 Answer 3 Women who spend a long time on their appearance are unsuccessful at finding employment (1). Must be some attempt to gloss. Q.4 But why shouldn’t they be the shade of a tangerine or dress for work like they’re going to a nightclub? It’s their life, isn’t it? If they want to dress like a misguided thirteen year old let loose with a bottle of spray tan, then who are we to judge? If they want to get up at five am to look good at 8, then what business is it of ours? I know I’d rather have, for example, a good looking doctor than one whose had her full eight hours rest. 4.a) Identify a feature of the structure of the paragraph and explain how this feature affects the tone of the paragraph. 3 Q.4 But why shouldn’t they be the shade of a tangerine or dress for work like they’re going to a nightclub? It’s their life, isn’t it? If they want to dress like a misguided thirteen year old let loose with a bottle of spray tan, then who are we to judge? If they want to get up at five am to look good at 8, then what business is it of ours? I know I’d rather have, for example, a good looking doctor than one whose had her full eight hours rest. And all this, for the sake of looking good. 4.b)i.) Explain the importance of the final sentence. 1 ii.) How does the writer emphasise this as important? 2 Q.4 Answer • The single line paragraph (1) • The fact that the last sentence begins with ‘And’ (1) Any of which must be followed by: • Draws attention to the content (1) and therefore emphasises the sarcastic tone (1) • Conveys the strength of feeling (1) and therefore adds to the sarcastic tone (1) Q.5 Why would any sensible, mature woman want to look like a tangerine on sticks? Why would they want to look like they’ve gotten into a fight with a bottle of spray tan and lost? People blame it on the Jordan effect, or the Cheryl Cole obsession many of us have. Longer hair! Shorter hem lines! More mascara! The fact is, the money and time being spent on make up could easily be used for more productive things. 5. Identify any one aspect of sentence structure and one of word choice used by the writer and explain how its use helps to underline the point he is making. 3 Question 5 Approach • Identify the technique used (1) • Explain how the technique underlines the message (2) Q.5 Answer • Valid technique identified (1) • Full explanation of how this technique underlines the message (2) • • • • Variety of sentence lengths (1) Use of questions (1) Use of simile (1) Reference to contemporary celebrities (1) Q.6 (a) Some women have defended themselves by saying that their job requires them to dress a certain way –beauticians and bar staff for instance. This of course is ridiculous, their clients are far more interested in their skills than they are in how they look. 6. (a) Using your own words, explain why these women believe they have to look good. 1 Answer 6.a • Gloss of ‘their jobs require them to dress this way’ (1) Q.6 (b) Some women have defended themselves by saying that their job requires them to dress a certain way –beauticians and bar staff for instance. This of course is ridiculous, their clients are far more interested in their skills than they are in how they look. 6. (b) Using your own words, explain the argument used to counter this belief 1U Answer 6.b • Their ability to do their job is more important than their appearance (1) Question 7 a) Who would be likely to read this story? Think About: Age Interests Nationality Another audience you can identify b)Referring to evidence from the passage, explain how you reached this conclusion.