Bell Work Tuesday 10/14 Look in your book beginning on page 301 to find the answers • 1.) What city did Justinian fortify as his capital city? • 2.) What were the four aspects of the Justinian Code? (Just the names not the descriptions) • 3.) What was the crowning glory of Justinian’s reign? Learning Targets Chapter 11: Byzantines, Russians and Turks Interact • Learning Objective 3: Task 1 – To learn this I will be able to… demonstrate my ability to read and record answers to guided questions that require examination of the additional supporting resources/information located within Chapter 11 through completing a Guided Tour activity Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact Chapter 11 Section 1-The Byzantine Empire Part 1 A New Rome in a New Setting • Justinian- Byzantine nobleman who took the Eastern Empire’s throne in 527. • Belisarius (Justinian’s best general) captured Rome in 529. – Over the next 16 years Rome would change hands 6 times The Byzantine Empire • Byzantine emperors ruled w/ absolute power and were the head of the church • Byzantine emperors had a dangerous job – 88 total emperors • 29 died violent deaths • 13 ran away Life in the New Rome • Justinian Code-Single uniform code of laws designed to rule the Byzantine Empire – Contained the Code, Digest, Institutes, and Novellae • The Code-Contained 5,000 Roman laws • The Digest- 50 volume collection of ideas from the greatest Roman legal minds in their history • The Institutes-Textbook on how to use the laws • The Novellae (New Laws)-Laws passed after 534 A.D. Life in the New Rome • Creating an Imperial Capital – Justinian rebuilt Constantinople • Hagia Sophia – Meaning “Holy Wisdom” , became the most splendid church in the Christian world Life in the New Rome • Other Justinian building projects – Baths – Aqueducts – Law courts – Schools – Hospitals Life in the New Rome • Preservation of GrecoRoman culture– Students learned Greek and Latin grammar and philosophy – Students also • Memorized Homer • Learned geometry and medicine Bell Work Wednesday 10/15 Look in your book beginning on page 301 to find the answers • 1.) What were some of Justinian’s major building projects? • 2.) What was the purpose of the Nika rebellion? • 3.) What were some of the political responsibilities of Empress Theodora? Learning Targets Chapter 11: Byzantines, Russians and Turks Interact • Learning Objective 1: Task 1 (10/14 and 10/15) – To learn this I will be able to… discuss the key terms and important concepts associated with Justinian and the growth of the Byzantine Empire through the creation of guided notes and the completion of a Justinian Code “Flip Book” Activity Life in the New Rome • Hippodrome-Massive stadium that held 60,000 spectators and offered free chariot races and performances. – The site of the Nika Rebellion Life in the New Rome • Nika Rebellion-532 A.D. Two groups of angry protestors sparked city wide riots shouting “Nika” (meaning “Victory”) while also calling for the overthrow of Justinian and his government. – Justinian sent in his troops and slaughtered all 30,000 protestors inside of the Hippodrome Life in the New Rome • Empress Theodora– Married Justinian in 525 A.D. – Former burlesque dancer – Most powerful woman in Byzantine history – Political Responsibilities• • • • Met foreign envoys Passed laws Wrote to foreign leaders Built Churches The Empire Falls • The Plague of Justinian542 A.D. The bubonic plague swept through Constantinople killing nearly 10,000 people a day – Its believed that the plague came from India on the backs of rats The Empire Falls • Attacks from East and West – Byzantium faced constant attacks • In order to keep their enemies at bay the Byzantines used: – – – – Bribes Diplomacy Political marriages Military power The Church Divides • Eastern Orthodox Christianity – Patriarch-Leading bishop of the church • Still under the authority of the emperor – Icons-Religious images used in the Orthodox faith • Roman Catholicism– Pope-Head of the Catholic church • Answers to God alone – Excommunication• Means you exiled or are outcast from the church The Church Divides • Cyrillic Alphabet– Since many of the people spoke Slavic languages or Russian an alphabet was created in which the Slavic people could read the Christian bible.