Objective - Magistra Snyder`s Latin Website

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Objective: To be able to identify and translate
imperfect tense verbs
X/XXII/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your completed Imperfect Tense worksheet
2. Take a Forming the Imperfect Tense worksheet and
place it in the Homework section of your binder
3. HOMEWORK #20: Make flashcards for the starred
words on your Imperfect Tense worksheet. Complete
your Forming the Imperfect Tense worksheet.
MIDTERM EXAM ON THURSDAY 10/25
Objective: To be able to identify and translate
imperfect tense verbs
X/XXII/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your completed Imperfect Tense worksheet
2. Make-ups for High Stakes quizzes today 2:30-3:00
and tomorrow after Advisory
3. Have your homework flashcards (prepositions and
imperfect tense) out for inspection
4. Take a Forming the Imperfect Tense worksheet and
place it in the Homework section of your binder
5. HOMEWORK #20: Complete your Forming the
Imperfect Tense worksheet. MIDTERM EXAM on
THURSDAY 10/25
The Present Tense
English Verb Form  Aspect
Latin Verb Form
ambulō
1.
2.
3.
4.
I walk  Simple
I am walking  Progressive
I do walk  Emphatic
I have walked  Completed
•Latin only has ONE way to form the present tense
•English has FOUR ways
•How do we know which English translation to use when
translating a Latin verb?
•CONTEXT!
The Imperfect Tense
Latin Verb Form
ambulābam
English Verb Form  Aspect
1. I was walking  Progressive
2. I used to walk  Habitual
•The imperfect tense is used to describe actions which
took place over a long period time in the past or were
done repeatedly.
•Latin has ONE way to form the imperfect tense
•English has TWO ways
•How do we know which English translation to use?
•CONTEXT
Identifying Imperfect Tense Verbs

in silvā erat nympha pulchra, Dāphnē. cum
amīcīs nympha ferās agitābat et virōs nōn
amābat. Pēnēus, deus et rīvus, fīliam amābat et
eam servābat. Phoebus nympham spectābat et
eam cūpiēbat.






erat = he/she/it was
agitābat = he/she/it was hunting, used to hunt
amābat = he/she/it was loving, used to love
servābat = he/she/it was preserving, used to preserve
spectābat = he/she/it was watching, used to watch
cūpiēbat = he/she/it was desiring, used to desire
Review the example. Then fill in the chart
I
vocā
ba
he/she/it was
calling
he/she/it used to
call
t
vocō, vocāre
dūcō, dūcere
audiō, audīre
habēbātisII
III
IV
dūc
audi
habe
eba
eba
ba
nt
mus
tis
they were leading
they used to lead
we were hearing
we used to hear
you all were hearing
you all used to hear
Forming the Imperfect Tense
 If a verb is 1st or 2nd conjugation, add ‘bā’ in between the
Present Stem and Personal Ending
 Ex. 1st  vocābat = he/she/it used to call, he/she/it was
calling
 Ex. 2nd  habēbātis = you all used to have, you all were
having
 If a verb is 3rd regular, 3rd –iō or 4th conjugation, add ‘ēbā’
in between the Present Stem and Personal Ending
 Ex. 3rd reg.  petēbam = I used to seek, I was seeking
 Ex. 3rd iō  capiēbās = you used to take, you were taking
 Ex. 4th  audiēbāmus = we used to hear, we were hearing
Objective: To be able to identify and translate imperfect
tense verbs; to be able to answer Reading
Comprehension questions and cite a Latin passage
X/XXIII/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your Forming the Imperfect Tense
worksheet (homework)
2. Take out your Imperfect Tense worksheet and
turn to the backside (Daphne and Apollo
translation)
3. HOMEWORK #21: Complete your “To Be or
Not To Be…” handout. MIDTERM EXAM on
THURSDAY 10/25
Conjugate habeō, habēre in
the imperfect tense
habēbam
I used to have
I was having
habēbāmus
habēbās
you used to have
you were having
habēbātis
habēbat
he/she/it used to
have
he/she/it was
having
habēbant
we used to have
we were having
you all used to have
you all were having
they used to have
they were having
Translate each verb in two ways, where
possible.
a) currēbāmus we used to run, we were running
b) agitābant
they used to hunt, they were hunting
c) cupiēbam
I used to desire, I was desiring
d) erat
he/she/it was, there was
e) spectābās
f) vīdent
you used to watch, you were watching
they see, they are seeing, they do see, they have seen
g) timēmus we are afraid
h) faciēbat
he/she/it used to make, he/she/it was making
Objective: To be able to identify and translate
imperfect tense verbs
X/XIV/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your “To Be or Not to Be” homework
worksheet for inspection
2. Make-ups for High Stakes quizzes today 2:303:00
3. Take our your Daphne and Apollo Translation
4. HOMEWORK #21: MIDTERM EXAM on
THURSDAY 10/25
Midterm Topics
 Conjugating a Present Tense Verb
 Conjugating an Imperfect Tense Verb
 Declining 1st and 2nd decl. nouns (fem., masc., neuter)
 Identifying subject, direct object, prepositional phrase, verb
 Changing verbs and/or nouns from sing. to pl. or pl. to sing.
 Translating 1-2 sentences from a passage we’ve translated
 Reading Comprehension question about a passage we’ve
translated
Daphne and Apollo
 in silvā erat nympha pulchra, Dāphnē.
 In the woods there was a beautiful nymph, Daphne
 cum amīcīs nympha ferās agitābat et virōs nōn
amābat.
 The nymph was hunting wild beasts with her friends and used
to not love men.
 Pēnēus, deus et rīvus, fīliam amābat et eam
servābat.
 Peneus, a god and a river, used to love (his) daughter and used
to preserve (protect) her.
 Phoebus nympham spectābat et eam cūpiēbat.
 Apollo was watching the nymph and was desiring her.
Daphne and Apollo
 ad nympham currit et exclāmat.
 (He) runs towards the nymph and shouts.
 illa timet et ā Phoebō currit.
 That girl is afraid and runs (away) from Apollo.
 ad rīvum currit et ā Pēneō auxilium petit.
 (She) runs to(wards) the river and seeks aid from Peneus.
 Pēnēus fīliam adiuvat et eam in lauream mūtat.
 Peneus helps (his) daughter and changes her into a laurel (tree).
 Phoebus tamen amat et lauream suam vocat.
 Apollo, nevertheless, loves and calls the laurel his.
in + abl. = in (ex. in Olympō)
in + acc. = into (ex. in lauream)
Apollo and Daphne
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
(1622-1625)
Located in the Galleria
Borghese in Rome
Locate at least 2 quotes from
your Latin text which describe
what is happening in Bernini’s
sculpture
•
Write down the quotes in
your binder (3 minutes)
•
Share your quotes with
your group members one at a
time and explain why you chose
them (4 minutes)
Responding to a Reading
Comprehension Question
 Make sure to state your argument clearly
 Cite evidence from the Latin text in parentheses within
the body of your response
 Translate, using quotations, or paraphrase the evidence
you cite
Midterm Exam Term 1
 Take out a blue or black pen. NO CREDIT will be given for
exams written in pencil or a pen of a different color.
 MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE MACRONS (LONG
MARKS) WHEREVER NECESSARY. Credit will be
deducted, either in part or full, if they are missing.
 You have the entire period to complete the exam. If you
finish early, bring me your test paper and take out other
NON-LATIN work.
 QUIZ on sum, esse (to be) in the PRESENT tense tomorrow
in the first 5 minutes of the period. (See your ‘To Be or Not
to Be’ worksheet)
Objective: To be able to identify and translate
perfect tense verbs
X/XVI/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out a piece of paper for your sum, esse quiz
2. Once you’ve finished your quiz, take out your
“To Be or Not to Be” homework worksheet for
inspection
3. Take a Perfect Tense worksheet
4. HOMEWORK #22: Make flashcards for the
words starred (*) on your Perfect Tense worksheet
QUIZ
Write out the Present Tense conjugation of sum,
esse (to be) on a sheet of looseleaf
Objective: To be able to identify and translate
perfect tense verbs
XI/V/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your Perfect Tense worksheet and flashcards
for starred words
2. Review the Patterns you came up with for the way
verbs change when transitioning from Present to
Perfect (Past) tense
3. Take a IA Prep Review Worksheet
4. HOMEWORK #23: Complete your IA Prep Review
worksheet IN FULL. Vocabulary quiz on words in
vocab section on Wednesday
Pattern 1A: The verb ending changes when going
-vī to the stem
from present to perfect (past) tense by adding ____
exclamāre
cupīre
exclamāvī
cupīvī
intrāre
intrāvī
optāre
optāvī
parāre
parāvī
petere
petīvī
pugnāre
shout
desire
look for
pugnāvī
servāre
servāvī
preserve
spectāre
spectāvī
watch
vocāre
vocāvī
call
Patterns 1B and IC: The ending of the stem
changes, by adding either vowels (B) or
consonants (C)
tenēre
terrēre
timēre
dūcere
tenuī
terruī
timuī
dūxī
lead
Objective: To be able to identify and translate
perfect tense verbs
XI/VII/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your IA Prep Review worksheet for
inspection
1. If you did not complete your IA Review packet, you
will be moving to another table to complete it now
2. If you have completed your packet, you will pair up
with another student to compare your answers
2. HOMEWORK #24: Go to the website
(http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com) to obtain ALL
worksheets, handouts, PowerPoints, and answer keys
for previous exams.
IA Prep Review Packet
 With a partner, review your IA Review Packet answer
1. Review the Multiple Choice (pg. 6)
2. Review the Declension section (pg. 8)
3. Review the Conjugation section (pg. 10)
 If your answer differs from an answer of your partner,
explain your reasoning to your partner
 “I got this answer because ___________”
 What class notes/worksheets/quizzes did you use to get
your information?
 “I wasn’t sure about this answer because _________”
IA Prep Review Packet
Answer Key
 Once you are done comparing answers with your
partner, raise your hand to receive an Answer Key
 With your partner, correct your answers for all 3
sections (Multiple Choice, Declension, Conjugation)
 Once you’re done, in your class notes, reflect on the
following questions:
1. My strongest section was ______________ because …
2. My weakest section was ______________ because …
3. I can improve my weakest section by _____________
cēdō, cēdere, cessī – I yield, to yield, I yielded
Perfect Tense = 3rd PP + Perfect Tense Personal Endings
Singular
cessī
I yielded, I did
yield, I have
yielded
cessistī
you yielded
cessit
he/she/it
yielded
Plural
cessimus
cessistis
cessērunt
we yielded
you all yielded
they yielded
Turn to pg. 9 of your IA
Prep Study Guide
 Fill in the Perfect Personal Endings on your Perfect
Tense worksheet
1st sing. “I”
2nd sing. “you”
3rd sing. “he/she/it”
-ī
-istī
-it
1st pl. “we”
2nd pl. “you all”
3rd pl. “they”
-imus
-istis
-ērunt
 Turn to page 10 and conjugate the verb cēdō, cēdere in
the Perfect Tense
Objective: To be able to correctly answer Reading
Comprehension passages based on a rubric
XI/XIV/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Open up your binder to a new piece of paper and write
your heading on the top
2. Wait to receive a copy of your Reading Comprehension
question and accompanying passage
3. Make the following corrections to your handout:
1.
2.
oppidum, -ī n. = town, city
verbum, -ī n. = word
4. HOMEWORK #25: Complete your translation of the
“Itsy Bitsy Bragger” in the Translatiō section of your
notes and complete your Reading Comprehension
question
READING COMPREHENSION:
In what way(s) does Arachne offend the gods? How does
Minerva punish Arachne for her offenses?
Cite at least THREE details from the Latin text in your response.
Objective: To be able to review sections of our IA
exam to correct common mistakes
XI/XV/MMXII
Do Now:
1.
Take out your “Itsy Bitsy Bragger” translation and Reading
Comprehension response for collection
2.
Take a copy of your IA Review worksheet and put your name
and date on it and begin to work silently
3.
Make the following corrections to your handout of the “Itsy
Bitsy Bragger”:
1.
2.
4.
oppidum, -ī n. = town, city
verbum, -ī n. = word
HOMEWORK #26: Calculate your estimate of your
Term 1 grade as it stands (without your IA) based on
your Homework, Quiz, Midterm, and Translatio grades
Term 1 IA Review Worksheet
 Answer questions 1-6 independently and silently.
 After 8 minutes have elapsed, I will let you know and
you may check your work with your group members.
 After checking your work with your group members,
raise your hand to receive a check of your work from
me.
 Once you receive a check for questions 1-6, I will tell
you to move on to #7-9
Objective: To be able to translate Ablative nouns
without prepositions
XI/XIX/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your IA Exam Corrections for inspection
2. Take a Ablative of Means worksheet and put your
name, date, and recitation on it
3. Annotate and translate the sentence:
1. aquā Diana rēgulum in cervum mūtāvit.
4. HOMEWORK #27: Complete your Verb Synopsis
and Declension worksheet. Quiz on Wednesday on
Ablative of Means.
aquā Diana rēgulum in cervum mūtāvit.
 Diana = Diana (nom. fem. sg.  subject)
 rēgulum = prince (acc. masc. sg.  direct object)
 in cervum = into a deer (acc masc. sg.  prep. phrase)
 mūtāvit = (she) changed (3rd sg. perf. from mūtō,
mūtāre)
 Diana changed the prince into a deer _____water
 Diana changed the prince into a deer WITH water
***A noun in the ABLATIVE CASE can be used
without a preposition to express the MEANS or
INSTRUMENT by which the action is done. This noun
is ALWAYS an OBJECT or ABSTRACT noun.
BWIOF
by
in
with
on
from
The most common way to translate Ablative of Means is “with”
Exerceāmus! ANNOTATE & translate the sentences. Choose the
BEST Ablative of Means word, based on context, to translate each
ABLATIVE noun you see.
1. rōtīs Plūto ex terrā vēnit. [rotae, -ārum, f.pl. chariot (lit.
wheels)]
Pluto came from the earth in a chariot
_________________________________________________
rōtīs = in a chariot (abl. f. pl. from rotae, -ārum f.)
Abl. Means: _____________
2. lacrimīs nympha Pēnēum persuasit. [persuadeō, -ēre, -sī
persuade]
The nymph persuaded Pēnēus with tears.
_________________________________________________
lacrimīs = with tears (abl. f. pl. from lacrima, -ae f.)
Abl. Means: ____________
3. saxō Ops Sāturnum fallit. [fallō, -ere, fefellī deceive]
Ops deceives Saturn with a rock.
___________________________________________________
saxo = with a rock (abl. neut. sg. from saxum, -ī n.)
Abl. Means: ___________
Objective: To be able to translate Ablative nouns
without prepositions
XI/XX/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your IA Exam Corrections for
inspection
2. Take a Ablative of Means worksheet
3. Take out your HW 27 worksheet
1. Review your homework with your table members
2. Take out a red pen for corrections
4. HOMEWORK #28: Study for your Quiz
TOMORROW on Ablative of Means.
VERB Synopsis = a verb conjugation in a particular person (1st,
2nd, 3rd) and number (sing. or pl.) combination in different tenses
manētis
you all remain
manēbātis
you all were remaining
mānsistis
you all remained
NOUN Declension: giving all Latin forms of a noun in
case (nom., acc., abl.) and number (sing., pl.)
Objective: To be able to translate Ablative nouns
without prepositions
XI/XXI/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your Ablative of Means worksheet and
turn to the ‘No ‘E-Vite’’ translation
2. Take out your Verb Synopsis/Noun Declension
worksheet for inspection
1. Review your homework with your table members
2. Take out a red pen for corrections
3. HOMEWORK #29: Have a great holiday!
VERB Synopsis = a verb conjugation in a particular person (1st,
2nd, 3rd) and number (sing. or pl.) combination in different tenses
mittimus
mittēbāmus
we send, we do send, we are sending
we were sending, we used to send
NOUN Declension: giving all Latin forms of a noun in
case (nom., acc., abl.) and number (sing., pl.)
2nd
digitus
digitī
digitum
digitōs
digitō
digitīs
digit-
Objective: To be able to translate Ablative nouns
without prepositions
XI/XXI/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your Ablative of Means worksheet and
turn to the ‘No ‘E-Vite’’ translation
2. Continue to translate the story in groups
3. HOMEWORK #29: Have a great holiday!
TRANSLATION
‘No E-vite’:
The Wedding of Peleus and Thetis
 Work in groups to translate the story
 1-2 people will be the translator- lead your group through
translation
 1 person will annotate – lead your group through annotation
 1 person will look up vocabulary – be ready to find
vocabulary terms for your group
 ALL group members should be writing out their translations
on their worksheets and be working at the SAME pace
 ***FIND 1 ABLATIVE OF MEANS NOUN!
 You should complete the first PARAGRAPH by the end of the
period
‘No E-vite’
The Marriage of Peleus and Thetis
 Thetis erat nympha in altō.
 Thetis was a nymph in the deep (the sea).

avus, deus Prōteus, ōrāculum dīxit:
 (Her) grandfather, the god Prōteus, spoke an oracle/prophecy:
 ‘fīlium creābis et fīlius patrem superābit.’
 ‘You will produce a son and the son will conquer his father.’

Iuppiter nympham amābat, sed eum Thetis verbīs ōrāculāriīs
terruit;
 Jupiter used to love the nymph, but Thetis terrified him with her
prophetic words

itaque deus in matrimōnium Pēleos dūxit.
 And so the god led (her) into the marriage of Peleus.
 Pēleus nōn erat deus sed vir.
 Peleus was not a god but a man.
Term 2 Quiz 1
 Take out a black or blue pen for your quiz on Ablative
of Means
 You have 8 minutes to complete it
 Once you finish, turn it over and raise your hand
Objective: To be able to translate ablative nouns
without prepositions; to
XI/XXVI/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take a Term 1 Vocabulary List and put in the
Vocabulary section of your binder (TOMORROW)
2. Take out your Ablative of Means worksheet and turn
to the ‘No ‘E-Vite’’ translation
3. Continue to translate the story in groups (paragraphs
2 and 3)
4. HOMEWORK #30: Make flashcards for Vocabulary
Unit V: List A (front side of your Abl. of Means
worksheet). QUIZ tomorrow on these 5 words (Latin
forms and English definitions)
TRANSLATION
‘No E-vite’:
The Wedding of Peleus and Thetis
 Work in groups to translate the story
 1-2 people will be the translator- lead your group through
translation
 1 person will annotate – lead your group through annotation
 1 person will look up vocabulary – be ready to find
vocabulary terms for your group
 ALL group members should be writing out their translations
on their worksheets and be working at the SAME pace
 ***FIND 1 ABLATIVE OF MEANS NOUN in paragraph 2!
 You should complete the rest of the story (paragraphs 2-3)
‘No E-vite’:
The Marriage of Peleus and Thetis
 deī et deae ad nuptiās vēnērunt, sed deam
Discordiam nōn invītāvērunt.
 The gods and goddesses came to the wedding, but they did not
invite the goddess Discord.
 ubi dea ad Olympum vēnit, eam deī ab nuptiīs
āvertērunt.
 When the goddess came to Olympus, the gods turned her away
from the wedding.
 dea īrāta consilium cēpit:
 The angry goddess seized (formed) a plan:
 ‘discordiam in animōs agere cupiō.
 ‘I want to drive discord into (their) minds.
‘No E-vite’:
The Marriage of Peleus and Thetis
 ex aurō mālum faciō.
 I am making an apple out of gold.
Abl. of Means: mālō  neut. sg.
from mālum, -ī n.
Translation: WITH an apple
 mālō nuptiās pervertere possum.’
 I can destroy the wedding with an apple.
 ad Olympum rēdīit et mālum in medium iēcit.
 She returned to Olympus and threw the apple into the
middle/midst (of the wedding)
 in mālō aureō erat verbum:
 On the golden apple was the word:
 ‘PULCHERRIMAE.’
 ‘ FOR THE FAIREST’
The Wedding of Peleus and
Thetis by Abraham
Bloemaert (1638)
1. Which figure(s) in the
painting indicate that this
gathering is a wedding?
2. Where is Discord?
3. Give the Latin quote
that explains what
Discord is doing in the
painting
ad Olympum rēdīit et
mālum in medium iēcit.
Objective: To be able to translate nouns in the
Genitive case
XI/XXVII/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take a Genitive case worksheet from your desk
2. Take out a black/blue pen and a red pen
3. Wait to receive your quiz. You will have 5
minutes to complete it.
4. HOMEWORK #28: Complete your Noun
Endings Worksheet (including genitive case)
deus, -ī m. god
nominative _________
sing.
 ‘deus’ is the _________
form of the word
genitive
 ‘-ī’ tells us the __________________ ending of the word (ex.
deī)
gender
 ‘m.’ gives us the _______________
of the word (ex.
masculine)
English definition
 ‘god’ is the ___________________
of the word (the word in
italics)
The Genitive Case
 We’ve seen the GENITIVE case before in phrases like:
of Sicily was great
 fama Siciliae est magna = the fame ____
 We TRANSLATE the genitive case with the word/letter:
of
‘s / s’
 _______________
or _____________
possession
 The GENITIVE case is used to show ___________________
with another NOUN.
How is the GENITIVE case annotated?
The Genitive Case
Translation Practice
 Annotate and translate sentences 1-5
 Use your Peleus and Thetis vocabulary to help you
 The GENITIVE case word will be in italics
 On the back of your handout, complete you Noun
Endings charts
 Make sure to fill in the 3 missing genitive endings based
on the endings of the nouns you saw in your sample
sentences.
Objective: To be able to translate nouns in the
Genitive case in the context of a Latin passage
XI/XXVIII/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take a Genitive case worksheet from your desk
2. Take out your Noun Synopsis HW #28 for inspection
3. Answer the following in your notes:
1.
2.
3.
of or ‘s/s’
How do we translate the genitive case? _______
How do we annotate the genitive case? _______
possession with another
The genitive case is used to show _______
noun
4. HOMEWORK #29: Finish your translation for
“Olympus’ Next Top Goddess” and answer #1 at the
bottom. Genitive case QUIZ on FRIDAY.
The Genitive Case:
Sentence Translation
 V. trēs deārum mālum petīvērunt.
Three of the goddesses sought the apple.
 Translation: ___________________________________
gen. pl. f. from dea, -ae f.
deārum
 Genitive noun: _________
 ____________________
Noun Endings
Supply the missing case endings
-a
-ae
-ae
-ārum
-us/er
-ī
-ī
-am
-ās
-ā
-īs
-um
-ō
-ōs
-īs
-um
-a
-um
-a
-ō
-īs
TRANSLATION
‘Olympus’ Next Top Goddess’, Part I:
The Birth of Paris
 Work in groups to translate the story
 1-2 people will be the translator- lead your group through
translation
 1 person will annotate – lead your group through annotation
 1 person will look up vocabulary – be ready to find
vocabulary terms for your group
 ALL group members should be writing out their translations
on their worksheets and be working at the SAME pace
 ***FIND 3 GENITIVE NOUNS in paragraph 1!
 occidet = (he/she/it) will fall
 You should complete the first 3 lines by the end of the period
Objective: To be able to translate nouns in the
Genitive case in the context of a Latin passage
XI/XXX/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Wait to receive back your Olympus’ Next Top
Goddess translatiō Part I
2. Open up to a new sheet of looseleaf and under your
heading, identify the 3 genitive nouns from this
translation, and give their translation, number, case
and dictionary entry
3. Keep out your new Olympus’ Next Top Goddess Part
II translatiō and begin to annotate
4. HOMEWORK #30: Genitive case QUIZ on
MONDAY.
Genitive Case Identification
 Line 1- rēgīna Trōiae = the queen OF TROY
 Trōiae = gen. sg. f. from Trōia, -ae Troy
 Line 1- mater Alexandrī = the mother OF PARIS
 Alexandrī = gen. sg. m. from Alexander, -drī Paris
 Line 2 – signum deōrum = the sign OF THE GODS
 deōrum = gen. pl. m. from deus, -ī god
TRANSLATION QUIZ: Open Notes
‘Olympus’ Next Top Goddess’, Part 2:
The Judgment of Paris
 Work in groups to translate the story
 1-2 people will be the translator- lead your group
through translation
 1 person will annotate – lead your group through
annotation
 1 person will look up vocabulary – be ready to find
vocabulary terms for your group
 I will collect the translatiō worksheet of ONE group
member at the end of the period. This will represent the
work for your entire table.
Objective: To be able identify and translate nounadjective pairs in Latin
XII/III/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take an Adjectives packet and immediately begin
to fill in all blank spaces and boxes on pg. 1
2. Your Genitive case quiz will occur in the last 12
minutes of the recitation.
3. HOMEWORK #31:
1. Make flashcards for Vocabulary List C on pg. 2 of
your packet
2. Vocabulary Quiz on Adjectives on Wednesday
12/5
Introduction to Adjectives
 Complete pgs. 2 and 3 independently and silently (10
min.)
 Compare your answers with those of your group
members (5 min.)
 Wait to receive your check from me for your group
 If you finish early, you may study for your Genitive
Quiz
Objective: To be able to cite Latin text in order to
accurately answer Reading Comprehension responses
XII/IV/MMXII
Do Now:
1.
Take an Adjectives packet for inspection
2.
Take out your adjective flashcards for inspection
3.
Your Genitive case quiz will take place during the last 10 minutes of the
recitation
4.
Answer the following in your notes:
1.
2.
3.
5.
-us, -a, -um
What are the endings of a 2-1-2 adjective? _______________
declension numbers
What do the numbers “2-1-2” refer to? _________________
In what 3 ways do adjectives need to agree with the nouns the modify?
Gender
1.
________________
Number
2.
________________
Case
3.
________________
HOMEWORK #31: Answer Reading Comprehension questions #2-4
•
•
Vocabulary Quiz on Adjectives TOMORROW, 12/5
Quiz on Adjectives on Friday 12/7
II. Write in Latin:
I.
rīvīs parvīs
in small rivers (in)
________________
II.
factōrum magnōrum
of great deeds ________________
aurā bonā
III. by a good breeze (ab)
________________
(cum) formā magnā
IV. with great beauty ________________
V.
silvam malam
toward the evil forestad
_______________
digitī multī
VI. many fingers (subj.) ________________
Why is the preposition
‘in’ optional here?
We can use a
preposition to say ‘in’
OR we can have an
Ablative of Means
phrase in which WE
supply the preposition
in translation using
BWIOF
In English, which typically comes FIRST- adjective or noun?
In Latin, which typically comes FIRST- adjective or noun?
READING COMPREHENSION
Examine the following responses and rank them in order
of quality (1 being the best, 3 being the worst)
1. What image did Hecuba see in her dreams?
•
Hecuba saw an image of herself “giving birth to a bright
torch with flames” (faculam claram … creābat).
•
Hecuba saw herself making a torch with bright flames.
•
Hecuba saw herself giving birth to a shining, burning
torch (faculam creābat).
Take out your worksheet on Olympus’ Next Top
Goddess” (Part I: The Birth of Paris)
DIRECTIONS:
 Use your translation from XI/XXVIII to help you answer
the following Reading Comprehension questions (#2-4)
 Answer in English AND give a quotation (ex. in
somnīs…vīdit) from the Latin text from which you derived
your answer. Make sure to answer the questions using
ONLY information given in the passage or discussed in
class.
 For #4, answer in a FULL paragraph.
 Answer on a sheet of looseleaf with your heading at the top
and each question numbered. You do not need to rewrite
the questions.
Objective: To be able to identify and translate future
tense verbs
Do Now:
XII/V/MMXII
1. Take out your Reading Comprehension questions for
inspection.
2. Take a Future Tense worksheet and begin to annotate the
Latin passage
3. Your Vocabulary Quiz (on adjectives) is postponed until
tomorrow
4. Annotate and translate the following sentence in your notes:
 ‘ob fīlium Trōia occidet.’
5.
HOMEWORK #32: Make flashcards for Vocabulary List E
•
Vocabulary Quiz on Adjectives TOMORROW, 12/6
•
Quiz on Adjectives on Friday 12/7
‘ob fīlium Trōia occidet.’
 Translation: ‘On account of (your) son Troy will fall.’
 What TENSE is the verb occidet?
 will fall = FUTURE tense
 The 3 Principal Parts of this verb are occidō, occidere, occidī (I fall, to
fall, I fell)
 How would you write the verb occidet in the PRESENT TENSE?
 Present Stem (3rd conj.: change ‘-e’ to ‘-i’) + Personal Endings 
occidit (he/she/it falls)
 How is the FUTURE form of this verb different than the PRESENT
form?
 Future tense – ‘e’ before ending in occidet
 Present tense – ‘i’ before ending in occidit
Formulae for Forming the
Future Tense
For the 1st and 2nd conjugations*: ________ + ______ + _____
*Except for the 1st person sg.: ___________________
Stem + Present
Personal Endings
For the 3rd conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
Personal Endings
Stem + e +Present
For the 4th conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
*Except for the 1st person sg.: _______ - _______ + ______
Future Tense worksheet
 Complete the back side of your worksheet independently
(12 minutes).
 Reference the sentences from which these verbs come, but DO
NOT translate the entire passage in full.
 For vocabulary, look to both the top and right side of the front
side of your worksheet.
 Once I call time, check over your answers with your group
members. (3 minutes)
 Create a Future Tense Formula for the 1st and 2nd
conjugations and the 3rd and 4th conjugations 1st person
singular. (5 minutes)
 You MUST receive a check of your work from me before
the end of the recitation.
Objective: To be able to identify and translate future
tense verbs
Do Now:
XII/VI/MMXII
1. Take out your Future Tense worksheet
2. What is your Formula for forming the FUTURE tense
for the 3rd conjugation?
Present Stem + Present
Personal Endings
1. __________
__________
3. Your Adjectives quiz is postponed until tomorrow
4.
HOMEWORK #32: Complete the translatiō on your Future Tense
worksheet on looseleaf
•
Quiz on Adjectives on TOMORROW
Formulae for Forming the
Future Tense
For the 1st and 2nd conjugations*: ________ + ______ + _____
*Except for the 1st person sg.: ___________________
Stem + Present
Personal Endings
For the 3rd conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
Personal Endings
Stem + e +Present
For the 4th conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
*Except for the 1st person sg.: _______ - _______ + ______
1. discedam is in the FUTURE tense
 What verb does this come from?
 discedō, discedere, discessī
 What is its conjugation?
 3rd regular
 What is the PRESENT STEM?
 discede-
 What is the ending of this verb?
 -m
 How does this verb look different than the Present tense?
 -am ending instead of -ō
 How is it translated?
 I will depart
Formulae for Forming the
Future Tense
For the 1st and 2nd conjugations*: ________ + ______ + _____
*Except for the 1st person sg.: ___________________
Stem + Present
Personal Endings
For the 3rd conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
Personal Endings
Stem + e +Present
For the 4th conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
am
Present - _______
e
*Except for the 1st person sg.: _______
+ ______
Stem
2. servābit is in the FUTURE tense
 What verb does this come from?
 servō, servāre, servāvī
 What is its conjugation?
 1st
 What is the PRESENT STEM?
 servā-
 What is the ending of this verb?
 -t
 How does this verb look different than the Present tense?
 Adding –bi inbetween Present Stem and Personal Ending
 How is it translated?
 he/she/it will preserve
Formulae for Forming the
Future Tense
Present Personal
Stem + ______
bi
For the 1st and 2nd conjugations*: Present
________
+ _____
Endings
*Except for the 1st person sg.: ___________________
Stem + Present
Personal Endings
For the 3rd conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
Personal Endings
Stem + e +Present
For the 4th conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
am
Present - _______
e
*Except for the 1st person sg.: _______
+ ______
Stem
4. manēbō is in the FUTURE tense
 What verb does this come from?
 maneō, manēre, mansī
 What is its conjugation?
 2nd
 What is the PRESENT STEM?
 manē-
 What is the ending of this verb?
 -ō
 How does this verb look different than the Present tense?
 Adding a ‘b’ between the Present Stem and the Personal
Ending
 How is it translated?
 I will remain
Formulae for Forming the
Future Tense
Present Personal
Stem + ______
bi
For the 1st and 2nd conjugations*: Present
________
+ _____
Endings
No ‘i’ before ‘ō’
*Except for the 1st person sg.: ___________________
Stem + Present
Personal Endings
For the 3rd conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
Personal Endings
Stem + e +Present
For the 4th conjugation*: Present
_________
__________
am
Present - _______
e
*Except for the 1st person sg.: _______
+ ______
Stem
Conjugate gerō, gerere, gessī (carry; wear; wage)
in the FUTURE tense.
3rd conjugation
Person
1st Person
2nd Person
3rd Person
Latin Form
(SING.)
geram
geres
geret
English
Translation
Latin Form
English
Translation
(PLURAL)
geremus
we will
carry
you will
carry
geretis
you all
will carry
he/she/it
will carry
gerent
I will carry
REMEMBER – 1 A, 5 E’s
they will
carry
Objective: To be able to identify and translate future
tense verbs
Do Now:
XII/VII/MMXII
1. Take out a black/blue pen for your quiz.
2. When you are finished with your quiz, raise your hand
and I will collect it.
3. When you are done, take out your HW for collection
and wait for a worksheet from me.
4. Complete your Conjugating the Future Tense
worksheet and turn it in to me before the end of the
recitation.
5. If you finish early, begin to organize your binder.
6.
HOMEWORK #33: Binder Check on Monday
•
Translatiō exam next FRIDAY 12/14
Objective: To be able to use steps to annotate and
translate a Latin passage
Do Now:
XII/X/MMXII
1. Wait to receive back your ‘Growing Crackers’
translation
2. Take 2 worksheets:
1. Verb Synopses (HW)
2. Annotation & Translation: A Step-By-Step Process
3. Write out this sentence at the top of your notebook and
THINK about the steps you would take to translate:
1. Ulixes tectum in insulā Ithacae cupit.
4.
HOMEWORK #34: Verb Synopsis
•
Translatiō exam FRIDAY 12/14
Step 1: Identify the Verb
 Look through the sentence and find the verbs (usually
at the end of the clause).
 If you have a conjunction (sed but, et and), divide the
sentence into CLAUSES (each clause has 1 verb).
 Ex. Ulixes tectum in insulā Ithacae cupit.
VERB
Step 2: Translate the Verb
 UNDERLINE and fully TRANSLATE the VERB.
 Ex. cupit = he/she/it wants
 Translating the verb will tell you:
 what the sentence/clause is about (ex. wanting something,
probably that someone doesn’t have)
 who its subject is (I, you, he/she/it, we, you all, or they) (ex.
he/she/it)
 whether or not there is a direct object (see Step 4). (yes, he
wants something)
 For a LINKING VERB (sum, esse), double underline. You will
not find a direct object, but there may be a predicate nominative.
Step 3: Find the Subject
 a) Find and CIRCLE the SUBJECT in the nominative case.
Remember, if the verb is singular, your subject will be
singular. If the verb is plural, your subject will be plural.
Check from the beginning of the clause.
 b) Try also to find any adjectives or other modifiers (e.g.
genitive nouns) and translate them with the subject.
 c) If there is NO subject, it is either understood, or taken
from a previous sentence or clause.
 d) BUILD your TRANSLATION by combining subject and
verb.
 Ex. Ulixes cupit = Odysseus wants
Step 4: Find the Direct
Object/Predicate Nominative
 a) If the verb is an action, it may take a DIRECT OBJECT
in the accusative case. If so, find and BOX it (and any
modifiers).
 b) If the verb is a linking verb, look for another noun in the
nominative, a predicate nominative, and CIRCLE it.
 c) BUILD your TRANSLATION by combining subject,
verb, and direct object (or predicate nominative).
 Ex. Ulixes tectum cupit = Odysseus wants a home)
Step 5: Annotate and Translate the
Rest of the Sentence/Clause
 a) Annotate (PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES) by drawing an open
parenthesis around the preposition and a close around the object
of the preposition/the noun that follows (in either the accusative
or ablative, depending on the prep). BUILD your
TRANSLATION by including the prepositional phrase
 Ex. Ulixes tectum in insulā cupit = Odysseus wants a home on an
island)
 b) Annotate GENITIVE nouns by “hooking” them to the nouns
(or pronouns) they show possession with. BUILD your
TRANSLATION by including the genitive noun.
 Ex. Ulixes tectum in insulā Ithacae cupit = Odysseus wants a
home on an the island of Ithaca.)
Final Check
 Read it over to yourself- out loud or in your head. Ask
yourself, “does what I’ve written make sense?”
 Ask yourself “Is there an idiom?”
 “Have I chosen the best definitions based on context?”
 “Do I know what’s going on in the passage?”
Objective: To be able to use steps to annotate and
translate a Latin passage
Do Now:
XII/XI/MMXII
1. Take out your HW (Verb Synopses) for inspection
2. Take out your Annotation & Translation: A Step-By-Step
Process worksheet from yesterday
3. Take out your new Annotation & Translation
worksheet
4.
HOMEWORK #35: Finish corrections for your ‘Growing
Crackers’ translation
•
Translatiō exam FRIDAY 12/14
Graecus, –ī Greek
Trōiānus, -ī Trojan
Exerceāmus!
Step 1: Graecī cum Trōiānīs bellum gerent sed in tectō
manēbō.
will sed
but in tectō I will remain
Step 2: Graecī cum Trōiānīs bellumthey
gerent
wage/carry
manēbō.
The Greeks
they will but
wage/carry
I will remain
but
will
wage/carr
y
I will remain
Step 3: Graecī cum Trōiānīs bellum gerent sed in tectō
manēbō.
The Greeks
war
Step 4: Graecī cum Trōiānīs bellum gerent sed in tectō
Objective: To be able to use steps to annotate and
translate a Latin passage
Do Now:
XII/XI/MMXII
1. Take out your HW (Verb Synopses) for inspection
2. Take out your Annotation & Translation: A Step-By-Step
Process worksheet from yesterday
3. Take out your new Annotation & Translation
worksheet
4.
HOMEWORK #35: Finish corrections for your ‘Growing
Crackers’ translation
•
Translatiō exam FRIDAY 12/14
Verb Synopses
3rd Conjugation
mittimus
mittēbāmus
‘we’
we send
we used to send, we were sending
mittemus
we will send
mīsimus
we sent
Verb Synopses
2nd conjugation
‘you all’
manētis
manēbātis
you all remain
you all were remaining, you all used
to remain
manēbitis
you all will remain
mānsistis
you all remained
Exerceāmus! (Let’s Practice)
 Complete the translation building exercise on the back side of
your worksheet “Tū Exerceās!” with your GROUP members
 Copy down the sentence and steps in your notes, but I will only
collect 1 copy from you
 When you are done, raise your hand from a check from me
 NEXT UP:
 Wait to receive back your Conjugating the Future Tense
worksheet
 Make corrections in red pen
Objective: To be able to identify and translate nouns in
the dative case
Do Now:
XII/XII/MMXII
1. Take a new Dative Case handout
2. Fill in the chart at the bottom of your dative case
worksheet with ALL CASE ENDINGS except for
those for the dative case
3. Write out the bolded sentence from your translation
at the top of your notes
HOMEWORK #35: Make flashcards for the starred words on your
DATIVE case handout. VOCAB QUIZ on these words tomorrow.
•
Translatiō exam FRIDAY 12/14
eum domino Scyrī dabō.
 STEPS 1 and 2: dabō = I will give
 STEP 3: Subject is “I”. No nominatives
 STEP 4: eum = him
 STEP 5: Scyrī = gen., of Scyros
 dominō = ?
 I will give him ___master of Scryos
 I will give him TO the master of Scryos
 DATIVE CASE = to/for _______
 Answers the question “to/for WHOM is the action of the
verb done?”
Annotate and translate the story
‘Achilles’ on looseleaf paper.
 Fill in the DATIVE endings as they appear
 Pay attention to the 2 exceptions that appear at the
bottom of the chart. Fill your other DATIVE case
endings in accordingly.
Objective: To be able to identify and translate nouns in
the dative case
Do Now:
XII/XIII/MMXII
1. Take out a black/blue pen for your vocabulary quiz
2. Take a copy of the Translatiō grading rubric
3. When you are done, take out your Dative case
worksheet
1. Fill in the chart at the bottom of your dative case
worksheet with ALL CASE ENDINGS except for those
for the dative case
2. Complete your translation of the Latin passage
“Achilles” with your groups members
HOMEWORK #35: STUDY your VERB AND NOUN endings for
your Translatiō exam TOMORROW 12/14
Objective: To be able to identify and translate nouns in
the dative case
Do Now:
XII/XIII/MMXII
1. Take out a black/blue pen for your vocabulary quiz
2. When you are done, take a copy of the
1. Translatiō grading rubric
2. The Dative case worksheet and your translation
3. Fill in the chart at the bottom of your dative case
worksheet with ALL CASE ENDINGS except for those
for the dative case
4. Complete your translation of the Latin passage
“Achilles” with your groups members
HOMEWORK #35: STUDY your VERB AND NOUN endings for
your Translatiō exam TOMORROW 12/14
ubi Thetis dominō causam dedit, Lycomēdes
nymphae magnae vōtum fēcit. (lines 8-9)
 When Thetis gave the reason TO THE MASTER,
Lycomēdes made a promise TO THE GREAT
NYMPH.
 dominō = dat. masc. sing.
 nymphae magnae = dat. fem. sing.
filiīs** Lycomēdis puerum dedit et cum eīs Achilles
habitābat. (lines 10-11)
 She gave the boy TO THE DAUGHTERS of
Lycomedes and Achilles was living (lived) with them.
 filiīs = dat. pl. fem.
DATIVE Case Endings
-a
-us/er
-ī
-ārum
-ī
-ōrum
-ae
-īs
-ō
-īs
-ō
-īs
-am
-ās
-um
-ōs
-um
-a
-ā
-īs
-ō
-ō
-īs
-a
-ae
-ae
-īs
-um
-ī
-ōrum
Term 2 Translatiō Exam
 Write your final version in PEN
 You may take out a piece of looseleaf to use as scrap
paper.
 Remember the first and last lines (underlined) have
been translated for you already.
 You have the entire recitation to complete your exam.
Objective: DWBAT organize vocabulary according to parts of
speech; compose Latin sentences
XII/XVIII/MMXII
Do Now:
1.
2.
Take a Term 2 Vocabulary List 4
1.
Organize the list alphabetically AND by parts of
speech
2.
Come up with as many English derivatives and Latin
synonyms as you can (I will collect 1 per group)
Take a Sentence Composition: Infinitives worksheet
1.
Work with you table members. (I will collect 1 per
group at random.)
HOMEWORK #43: Make flashcards for your
Term 2 Vocab List 4. Quiz on Thursday.
Objective: DWBAT translate passages with and identify dative
case nouns
XII/XVIII/MMXII
Do Now:
1.
Take out your flashcards for the starred words from
Iphigenia handout
2.
Wait to receive back your Table’s translation and worksheet
1.
Make any corrections you see marked in red
2.
Finish your translation and dative noun chart for final
collection by the end of the recitation
3.
If you finish early, you may begin your next assignment
(Reading Comprehension for Achilles)
HOMEWORK #43: Practice and Vocabulary
Worksheet. Vocab quiz tomorrow.
Factiōnēs Scores
Table #
1st and 2nd Person
Personal Pronouns (10)
TOTAL (82)
I
10
54
3rd
II
9
52
4th
III
?
45
IV
4
64
6th
1st
VI
3
43
7th
VII
10
49
5th
VIII
7
56
2nd
Objective: DWBAT identify and translate 1st and 2nd
person personal pronouns
Do Now:
I/XV/MMXIII
1. Take out your 1st and 2nd Person Personal Pronouns
handout from yesterday
2. Wait to receive back your Table’s graded work from
yesterday and make corrections with your table
members
HOMEWORK #50:
 STUDY for a QUIZ on 1st and 2nd Personal Pronouns tomorrow!
 Come up with 2 topics you’d like to have more practice with before
the IA

Consult your Midterm and IA review packet (I/VIII/MMXIII) for a
list of topics
‘nōs multa et dura percīcula
oppetīvimus’
Aeneas, Anchises, et Ascanius
‘tu es fīlius deae. quō modō ad Afrīcam aut meum in rēgnum
vēnistī? quid mihi tē mīsit? nesciō, sed vōs, tē et Trōiānōs
vestrōs, accipiēmus; vōbiscum* patriam nostram
consociābimus.’
egō
meī
mihi
tu
tē
tē
nōs
nōbis
vōs
vobis
Exerceāmus!
Translate the following underlined words and phrases into Latin
1. Aeneas says to Dido, ‘You have heard the story of us’
nostrūm/nostrī
tū
1. Dido says to Aeneas, ‘I will give help to you’
egō
tibi
1. Dido says to the Trojans, ‘Tell your story to me!’
‘Dicite vestram fabulam mihi!’
1. The Trojans say to Dido, ‘We beg you- share your kingdom
with us!’
Objective: DWBAT exhibit mastery of concepts
learned in Term 2 through IA review
Do Now:
I/XVI/MMXIII
1. Take out a blue/black pen and a red pen for your quiz
2. Take out a piece of looseleaf and write your heading
on it
3. Number your looseleaf from 1-4, leave 2 blanks for
each number (8 blanks total)
HOMEWORK #50:
 COMPLETE pages 1-9 of your IA Review Packet
QUIZ- 1st and 2nd Person Personal Pronouns
Translate the following underlined words and phrases into LATIN
1. Aeneas says to Dido, ‘You have heard the story of me’
meī
tu
1. Dido says to the Trojans, ‘I will give help to you’
egō
vōbis
1. Dido says to the Trojans, ‘You all should tell your story to me!’
mihi!’
vōs
1. The Trojans say to Aeneas, ‘Give help to us! We beg you!’
nōbis
tē
Term 2 IA Review Packet
 Once you are done with your IA Review Packet pgs. 19, raise your hand for your Answer Key
 Use the remainder of the recitation to work on your IA
Review Packet
 Translation and Reading Comp (pgs. 10-12)
 Work silently and independently. Raise your hand if
you have a question for me. If I am speaking with
another discipulus/a, please move on in your packet
and wait patiently until I am available.
Term 2 IA Format
All questions will be based on 2 passages:
 Passage 1- 75-100 words on about the 2nd Punic War
 Passage 2- 75-100 words on any topic from Roman
history/culture
 50 multiple choice questions, 45 on grammar, 5 on
culture/history
 Noun ID- 8-12 questions using the numbered chart
 Synopsis- on verb forms, taken from the passages or
created from your vocabulary list
 Synopsis- on infinitives and participles
 Translation- 4-6 sentences from the 2 passages
Term 2 IA Review Packet
 Use the remainder of the recitation to complete you IA
Review packet.
 Complete it to the best of your ability without using
your notes. If you cannot complete a section, move on.
If you’re unsure of something, star it and come back.
When you finish, consult your notes to check your
answers.
 If you have a question, raise your hand and I will come
over to you.
 Take out your Ablative Absolute worksheet for
inspection
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