The Language Tree - Culture--per6

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An crann teanga
L'arbre des langues
De taal boom
kalbos medis
Drzewo języka
The Language Tree
What is the Language tree?
The language tree is not really a tree, it’s a chart that they have made
to look like a tree and it shows how each language is connected to
the other.
This tree shows indo-European
branches and the four main
groups of languages in the indo
European culture which are the
Anatolian, the Celto–Italo-Tocharian, the Balto-Slavo
Germanic, and Aryano–Greco–Armenic. All these are at
the trunk of the tree, they branch off into nine language groups all
together. These groups consist of Anatolian, Celtic, Romance,
Germanic, Baltic, Slavonic, Iranian, Indic, and Greek.
In the Anatolian ….
Anatolian
The Anatolian
branch of the IndoEuropean language
tree consist of five
languages; Hittite,
Palaic, Lydian,
Luwian, and Lycian.
In the Celto–Italo-Tocharian…
Celtic
The Celtic language
branch consist of two
inner branches; the
Brittanic and Gaulish.
On the Brittanic
branch there are three
languages; Cornish,
Breton, and Welsh.
On the Gaulish branch
there are three
languages as well
which include
Scottish, Irish, and
Manx.
Romance
The Romance
language
consist of four
languages;
Romanian,
Spanish,
French, and
Italian.
In the Balto-Slavo
Germanic…
Germanic
The Germanic branch of
the language tree has two
sub branches within. One
is called the Western
Germanic branch, and the
other is called the
Scandinavian branch. The
Western Germanic branch
consist of six languages;
Flemish, Dutch, Low
German, High German,
Frisian, and English. The
Scandinavian branch
consists of four languages;
Danish, Swedish, Icelandic,
and Norwegian.
Baltic
The Baltic
branch of the
language tree
consist of three
languages; Old
Prussian,
Lithuanian, and
Latvia.
Slavonic
The Slavonic branch of
the language tree consist
of three sub branches;
Southern Slavic, Proto –
Russian, and Western
Slavic. In the Southern
Slavic branch, there are
three languages; SerboCroatian, Bulgarian, and
Slovenia. In the Proto –
Russian branch there are
three languages;
Ukrainian, White Russian,
and Great Russian. In the
Western Slavic branch
there are two languages;
Polish and Czech.
In the Aryano–Greco–Armenic …
Iranian
The Iranian
branch of the
language tree
consist of three
languages;
Persian, Pashto,
and Baluchi.
Indic
The Indic branch
of the Language
tree consist of
five languages;
Hindi, Marathi,
Gujarati, Panjabi,
and Bengali.
Greek
In the Greek
branch of the
language tree
there are four
languages ;
Arcadian,
Aeolic, Ionic,
and Doric.
All the stuff in between
In addition to the nine language branches; there are
several small sub groups in between such as Osco
– Umbrian, Gothic, Armenian, and Tocharian.
The Osco – Umbrian branch is connected to the
Italic branch, which connects to the Latin branch
which connects to the Romance branch of the
tree. The Gothic branch connects to the
Scandinavian branch of the tree. The Armenian is
a branch off the Armeno – Aryan branch, and the
Tocharian branch is connected to the Celto –
Italo- Tocharian branch.
To sum it all up?
Each of these languages are connected to each
other in at least one way, they are all Indo –
European languages, meaning they are all a
family coming from the same hearth.
The big
picture…
Small part within the
tree…
Indo –
European
Part
This is the whole tree with
every known language
placed and organized
within to show how each
and every language is
related to one another
through the “Mother
Tongue”.
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