TIP FOR TEACHERS
With the younger learners I tend not do read the
info on these slides but rather just ‘chat’ through
it to help them with grasping the very basics.
So if you do decide to use this it might be a
good idea to just scan through the powerpoint
in order for you to be able to just talk them
through it.
The tutorial ends at the coat of arms and the
rest is extras (nice videos) for use at your
discression.
Download this great PDF document
www.education.gov.za/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket
=p6VZ6IkiOn8%3d&tabid=93&mid=1129
South Africa
Rainbow Nation
Basic Facts for Gr 1 – Gr 3 learners
Nkosazana Roxi Kleinhaus
This is Who We Are…
The Republic of South Africa,
as the name already indicates,
is located in the very south of
the African continent.
It is bordered by
the Indian Ocean
in the east and the
Atlantic Ocean in the
west.
Learning about our National Identity
National Symbols
• Do you know what National Symbols are?
• National symbols are things/objects that
make us (and other people) think about
our country and who we are.
• When you see the following image what
does it make you think of?
• Name at least 3-5 things.
Our National Flag is the most commonly used visual
symbol of South Africa. No matter where you are in the
world, if you see this Flag, you will know that either a
South African or a friend of South Africa is near.
Our new National Flag Our new National Flag was
hoisted* for the first time at one minute past midnight
on the morning of 27 April 1994. All across South Africa,
and throughout the world, people who saw this new
Flag blowing in the wind for the first time, stood still for a
moment and knew that democratic change had finally
come to South Africa.
They saw a flag that was fresh, confident*and joyful with colour. There were no pictures or
references to flags of the past in the design. There was nothing in the design that could
favour one group over another. The only symbol that came across clearly was the
message of unity.
Unity in the design of the National Flag The South African National Flag is made up of
strong, bold lines of colour. The central design begins as a ‘V’ at the flag post, comes
together in the centre, and extends as a horizontal band to the edge. This simple ‘two into
one’ design reinforces the motto in the Coat of Arms – !ke e: /xarra //ke – meaning ‘diverse
people unite’.
There are specific rules about how the flag should be raised.
There are also rules like… * the flag should not touch the ground
* it should not be used as a table cloth
* it must not be used to start or end off
any kind of competition and more…
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhUMsqei7kM&feature=player_embedded
• Can you name more of our National
Symbols?
• Because we are proud of our country we
like to get to know more about or symbols.
• We ask question like…
– Why did we decide on that symbol?
– What is the meaning we ascribe/assign to the
symbol?
– Was that always the symbol or was it changed
– in other words what is the history of the
symbol?
– If it was changed – why did it change?
– What values can we learn from this symbol?
Our
National Symbols
describe/explain
to us (and other people)
what our values are…
who we are as a nation
our
IDENTITY AS SOUTH AFRICANS
A Rainbow Nation
A long time ago, people from many different
countries like
India, the Netherlands and Germany
came to South Africa.
This is one of the reasons why today people like to
call South Africa the “Rainbow Nation”:
it’s a mixture of many different cultures,
religions and languages.
Imagine:
11 official languages are spoken in South Africa!
However, the largest part of South Africa’s
population is of African origin.
There are 50 million people living in South Africa.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu – a well known South
African – started to speak about or country as the
"Rainbow Nation", referring to the possibility of
interracial harmony in South Africa.
Then or beloved President Nelson Mandela
started to use the term "Rainbow Nation" too
and now we are known as such all over the world.
There are 30 plus ethnic groups in South Africa
with the Zulu being the largest group.
There are 11 official languages in South Africa.
Nelson Mandela once said “No one is born hating another person
because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion.
People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be
taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than
its opposite.”
Coat of Arms
The rising sun is a symbol of
rebirth and the source of
life, light and the wholeness
of humanity.
The secretary bird,
symbolising protection of
the nation, is a messenger
of the heavens that brings
grace to the earth.
The protea is an emblem of
the beauty of our land and
the flowering of our nation.
The spear and knobkierie
symbolise defence and
authority. They are lying
down to depict peace. .
The tusks of the elphant
symbolise wisdom, strength,
moderation and eternity.
The ears of wheat are an
emblem of fertility that
symbolise growth and the
development of our
potential.
The human figures are a
testament to our common
humanity and heritage.
They are greeting each
other, symbolising unity.
The shield shows both
identity and spiritual
defence.
SPRINGBOK
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=FZyjiEhtBLU
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Ba3UxqXiXU&feature=player_detailpage
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHjIYn0lBRM&feature=player_detailpage
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=ANGD5cE2WoQ
BLUE CRANE
http://www.arkive.org/blue-crane/anthropoides-paradiseus/videos.html
GALJOEN
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=Auf28N9hK8A
KING PROTEA
http://www.arkive.org/blue-crane/anthropoides-paradiseus/videos.html
REAL YELLOW WOOD
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=Auf28N9hK8A
• www.education.gov.za/LinkClick.aspx
?fileticket=p6VZ6IkiOn8%3d&tabid=93
&mid=1129
Besides our Beautiful National Anthem we love to sing this song together at events…
Shosholoza, shosholoza (Moving fast, moving strong)
Ku lezontaba (Through those mountains)
Stimela sphuma eSouth Africa (Train from South Africa)
Wenu yabaleka (You are leaving)
Wenu yabaleka (You are leaving)
Ku lezontaba (Through those mountains)
Stimela siphum' eSouth Africa (Train from South Africa)
Listen to the song being sung by LadySmith Black
Mombasa – a famous south Arican band.
•
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qdi-L9fAtEI&feature=player_embedded
South Africa is not only known for its diversity of cultures, it is also home to
hundreds of different types of mammals, birds and reptiles, such as zebras,
elephants, crocodiles and even penguins.
We are especially known for the Big Five.
Discrimination - unfair treatment of a
person or group because of their
race,
I owe
my being to the hills and the
Arrogance – proud to anationality,
fault
language, age, sex,valleys,
looks, the mountains and
Homophobia – hatred of
gays andetc.
handicap,
the glades*, the rivers, the deserts,
lesbians
Dispossession – deprived of land
the trees, the flowers,
Prejudice – to unfairly pre-judge
Enshrine – protect from change
the seas and the ever-changing
Pride – a healthy respect
for
oneself
Aspiration – ambition
Freely elected representatives
– the that define the
seasons
and others
war-like
belief
that land...
your
few people whoChauvinism
were voted– for
by of
theour
face
native
Racism – to judge people
notto
forbewho
group
is better
than another
many
their
‘voice’
in parliament
they are, but because of
the colour of
Collective – and
of a group, as one
Ignominious
– humiliating
their skin
Compel – force
shameful
Sexism – to judge women
negatively
– show in a painting or drawing
Justice
– just orDepict
fair treatment
on the basis of their sexMeted – forcedDerive
onto – get from
Xenophobia – hatred ofReconciliation
foreigners –Impulse
– deepwho
wish or desire
when people
Inclusive
not
leaving anything or
have been fighting
agree–to
work
anybody out
together
Inherit
– receive
from ancestors
Transition – when
something
is busy
written
onto or engraved into
changing from Inscribe
one state– to
another
– need and relying on
Unquenchable Interdependent
– a thirst that cannot
be satisfied one another
Obligation – moral duty
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