By Nupur Mohini Pounamu is the Māori name for jade, bowenite, or as New Zealanders call it, greenstone. Pounamu is a highly valued stone that is only found in the South Island, New Zealand. Pounamu comes in many different shades. There are four main types of pounamu. They are kawakawa, kahurangi, īnanga and tangiwai. Kawakawa, kahurangi and īnanga are nephrite jade, but tangiwai is a form of bowenite. Kawakawa is a dark to rich green colour, kahurangi is light green, īnanga is grey-green and tangiwai is a olive-green to bluish-green colour. Pounamu is best found after a storm, in a river or stream. Some stones may be green as well, but pounamu is shiny like glass. Sometimes pounamu is so hard to identify, you have to cut it open. It is said that when you are looking for pounamu, it will find you instead. Pounamu is often used to make jewellery. They come in different shapes and sizes. Each shape has a meaning, which is usually representing the person’s personality. Some words could be for example courageous, gentle, strong, etc. Pounamu plays a very important role in Māori culture. It is considered a taonga (treasure) because it is sacred. Tools, ornaments, weapons and neck pendants(or jewellery) were made from it. These were believed to have their own mana, were handed down as valued heirlooms and were often given as gifts. Pounamu jewellery is often given as gifts to international visitors. It can also be for other things. For example the actor Viggo Mortensen from The Lord of the Rings started wearing a hei matau (neck pendant) around his neck. I hope you have learnt a lot about pounamu from this PowerPoint. I have enjoyed researching and presenting this. I have learnt fascinating facts and information about pounamu. I hope you enjoyed my PowerPoint!