Rhythm The pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry Foot: basic unit of stressed and unstressed syllables. Usually 2 or 3 syllables Rhythm (continued) Meter: Rhythm that follows a regular pattern from line to line. Trimeter: 3 feet Tetrameter: 4 feet Pentameter: 5 feet Scansion: The analysis of meter in a line of poetry. Example of Scansion iamb (^/) ^ /^ The falling / ^ /^ out of faithful / ^/^ friends, renewing / ^ is of / is stressed and ^ is unstressed. What does this sound like read aloud? / love Rhyme Repetition of the same stressed vowel and any succeeding sounds in two or more words. End Rhyme rhyming words at end of line Example: Policeman, policeman Help me please. Someone went and stole my knees. I’d chase him down but I suspect My feet and legs just won’t connect. Stop Thief by Shel Silverstein Internal Rhyme rhyming of words within a single line Example: Mrs. McTwitter the baby-sitter, I think she’s a little bit crazy. She thinks a baby-sitter’s supposed To sit upon the baby. The Sitter by Shel Silverstein Slant Rhyme similar sounds but not exact. Example: The fanciest dive that ever was dove Was done by Melissa of Coconut grove. She bounced on the board and flew in the air With a twist of her head and a twirl of her hair. She did thirty-four jackknives, backflipped and spun, Quadruple gainered, and reached for the sun, And then somersaulted nine times and a quarter— And looked down and saw that the pool had no water Fancy Dive by Shel Silverstein How is it created? Imagery is created when an author uses sensory language to bring a scene to life. Sensory Language: detailed language making use of the 5 senses Sight Taste Touch Smell Hear Good Imagery Solid imagery is like a fine painting. The author is an artist who paints pictures with his words. With good imagery the reader see’s exactly what the author wants you to see and nothing more. Good imagery also adds depth to the understanding of the poem. Each image is meaningful. If it wasn’t, it wouldn’t be there. Example Ticklish Tom Poem you are about to read. What is it? When someone gives an animal or other object human like characteristics. Example: Hey diddle, Diddle, The cat and the fiddle, The cow jumped over the moon; The little dog laughed To see such sport, And the dish ran away with the spoon. Think about this….. How does personification help you imagine what is going on in any given scene? Write 3+ sentences in the summary box on the front.