Lahore Resolution
• The ‘Lahore Resolution’ (Urdu: Qarardad i Lahore,
Bengali: Lahor Prostab) and later became better
known as the ‘Pakistan Resolution’ (Qarardad i
• Resolution passed at the annual session of the All
India Muslim League at its 1940 meeting (22-24
March) at Minto Park (now called Iqbal Park) for the
creation of ‘Independent State’ of Muslims in British
• The resolution was moved by Bengal Chief Minister
Maulvi Fazal-ul-Haq, known as Sher-e-Bengal.
• “No constitutional plan would be workable or
acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed
on the following basic principles, namely, that the
geographically contiguous units are demarcated
into regions which should be so constituted, with
such territorial readjustment may be necessary.
• That the areas in which the Muslims are in
majority as in the North-Western and Eastern
zones of India should be grouped to constitute
independent states in which the constituent units
shall be autonomous and sovereign.
• That adequate, effective and mandatory
safeguards shall be specifically provided in the
constitution for minorities for the protection of
their religious, cultural, economic, political,
administrative and other rights.”
• The resolution of unanimously accepted by the
participant who had assembled at the meeting
place in a large number.
• The resolution was seconded by a number of
prominent Muslim leaders from all over the
• Those who seconded the resolution were
“Mulama Zafar Ali Khan and Dr. Muhammad
Alam (Punjab), Begum Mulama Muhammad
Ali Jauhar, Abdul Hamid Badayuni, Chaudri
Khaliq-ur-Zman and Syed Zakir Ali (U.P.), Sir
Abdullah Haroon (Sindh), Sardar Aurangzeb
Khan (NWFP), Qazi Muhammad Issa
(Balochistan), Nawab Muhammad Ismail
(Bihar), Syed Abdur Rauf Shah (C.P.), Abdul
Hamid Khan (Madras), and I.I. Chundrigar
• Although the Resolution did not contain the
word Pakistan, but the word Pakistan
Resolution had gained wide popularity due to
Chaudri Rehmat Ali.
• Chaudri Rehmat Ali coined the word PAKISTAN
in which ‘P’ stand for Punjab ‘A’ for Afghan
(Khyber Pakhtunkhawa) ‘K’ for Kashmir, ‘S’ for
Sindh and ‘Tan’ for Balochistan. The word
Pakistan itself means the Land of the Pure.
Pakistan Resolution in the Sindh Assembly
• The Sindh assembly was the first British Indian
legislature to pass the resolution in favor of
Pakistan. G. M. Syed, an influential Sindhi activist,
revolutionary and Sufi and one of the important
leaders to the forefront of the provincial
autonomy movement joined the Muslim League
in 1938 and presented the Pakistan resolution in
the Sindh Assembly.
• This text was buried under the Minar-e-Pakistan
during its building in the Ayub regime.
Importance Of Pakistan Resolution
• The Pakistan Resolution is a landmark in the
history of Muslim India as it eventually decide the
future of the sub-continent.
• Muslims were convinced that their future as a
nation was not secure in the united India and,
therefore decided to demand a separate
• Muslims gathered under the dynamic leadership
of Quaid-i-Azam who gave new meaning and
shape for independence.
• The Muslims were convinced that there was
no other solution of the Indian problems
except the creation of two separate and
sovereign states of Hindustan and Pakistan.
• The acceptance of Pakistan Resolution
strengthened the Two-nation theory which
was the basis of Muslim struggle for
independence. The demand for Pakistan was
based on Muslim nationalism which meant
the Muslim cultural, religious and national
• The word and contents for the for the of the
subcontinent was on theory that there were two
major and distinct nations in the subcontinent.
• The passage of the Pakistan Resolution gave
impetus to the freedom movement.
• The Pakistan Resolution was a demand for the
protection and safeguard of the national identity
of the Muslims.