Viennese Waltz - fhs performing arts

“Oom Cha Cha”!!!!
The Waltz first became popular in and around
Vienna in the 1790’s
NO electricity, therefore...NO lights, NO TV,
NO iPod!
They had to make their own
amusement...Music, Dance, Drama, Reading
and Conversation.
 Dance
 Fast triple meter-usually ¾
 About 70 beats a minute. =70
 Gives a feel of one beat in a
bar, instead of 3.
Slow harmonic pace. The same chord is
generally used throughout an entire bar,
often 2 bars and sometimes up to 4 bars.
Simple harmonies (usually using the
primary chords) made a bit more
interesting by including gently dissonant
appoggiaturas and chromatic notes.
HOMOPHONIC. Simple melody lines
with supportive accompaniment
The accompaniment is often described as
“Oom Cha Cha”. The bass note of the chord is
played on the first beat followed by the second
and third.
Waltzes were seen as very risqué for the time
as partners had to hold each other close. Before
the Waltz, partners, if touching at all, were held
at arms length. Critics thought the Waltz to be
Early Waltzes were simple, in a Binary formAABB but changed to become more complex
Popularity of the Waltz helped develop it.
1825, became very popular due to Orchestras
getting larger and more sophisticated melody
and harmony.
An introduction became popular, this gave
people time to get into position before the
music started properly.
Four or Five Waltzes would be played together
in related keys and ending in a coda.
Waltzes became much more substantial and
where given names to make them more
An important feature of a Waltz is the
use of rubato. This means the second
beat of the bar (the first ‘Cha’) is played
slightly early. The effect it has in a waltz
is to make it move on and sound even
more lively.
Viennese Waltzes were played by large
Johann and Johann II Strauss!!!!!!!
Waltzes became so popular during the 19th
century, they started to be written into other types
of music...
people liked to play them at home on their pianos.
Shubert, Schumann, Weber, Chopin and Brahms
all composed Waltzes for the Piano
Waltzes were also incorporated into large
orchestral works. Berlioz, Ravel and Tchaikovsky
all did this.
Tchaikovsky and Delibes included waltzes in
Waltzes have been used in musicals into the 20th
Johann Strauss II, The voices
of spring time
Chopin Waltz Op. 64 No.
1 aka Minute Waltz.
Tchaikovsky Swan Lake-Waltz.
Describe the rhythm of a Waltz
What does tempo rubato mean?
Where did the Waltz rise to fame?
What does Homophonic mean?
What instrument did people play the Waltz on
in their own home?
How would you describe the harmonic rhythm
of a waltz?
Describe two ways you would expect a Waltz
to sound different from a Galliard?
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