PUBLIC LIBRARY MOVEMENT IN KERALA

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DR. SUDHA A.
DEPUTY LIBRARIAN
KANNUR UNIVERSITY
KERALA
formed in 1956
 of the two erstwhile States of Travancore and
Cochin and
 Malabar, a district of erstwhile Madras
Presidency.
 Each of the constituent areas had its own
library movement
IN TRAVANCORE
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History started with the establishment of
Trivandrum Public library in 1829.
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Founded by Col. Edward Codogan.
In 1897, the library’s entire assets were
handed over to the Govt.
In 1899, it was opened to the public.
In 1939, it was transferred to the
University of Travancore.
In 1949, the govt. resumed the control of
the library.
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John Alan Brown took initiative to
establish the library.
The major objective was the continued
education of the natives.
The Govt. had taken a keen interest in
the affairs of the library.
In 1899, the Govt. had taken over the
library assets.
In 1899, it merged with the Trivandrum
Public Library.
GENESIS OF THE STATE
CENTRAL LIBRARY
In 1955, the Govt. sanctioned Rs. 6.93 lakhs for
converting Trivandrum Public Library into State
Central Library.
 The convenor of the library committee was
appointed as the State Librarian.
 The State Central Library is a separate
department of the Govt.
 In 1959, the State Central Library came into
existence.
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 The
first conference in 1925.
The second conference in 1934.
 The third conference in 1937.
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Rules for grant-in-aid to the libraries
The libraries were categorized into nine
grades.
Introduction of rural library system
libraries as part of govt. primary schools
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Ernakulam Public Library(1861), the first
public library in Cochin
Establishment of public libraries, rural
libraries, and village libraries
Samastha Kerala pusthakalaya Samiti
(All Kerala Library Committee), 1931
All Cochin Public Library Conference
(1946)
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Library movement grew along with the
national and political movement.
The workers’ unions and religious
associations established many libraries.
Madras Govt. contributed much for the
development of the public libraries.
Malabar Local Library Authority
-was giving financial aid to the libraries
-collected library cess
-appointed qualified librarians
 Trivandrum
Public Library Society (1847)
 Malabar Library Association (1937)
 Kerala Granthalaya Sanghom (1943)
 All Travancore Library Association (1945)
 Cochin Library Association (1946)
 Kerala Library Association (1958)
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Draft Bill for Travancore prepared by S.R. Ranganathan
(1946)
Model Library Bill prepared by S.R. Ranganathan (1957)
Kerala Public Libraries Bill (1969)
Kerala Public Libraries Bill (1971)
Kerala Granthasala Sanghom Draft Bill (1973)
Kerala Public Libraries Bill (1977)
Kerala Public Libraries Bill (1989)
Kerala Public Libraries (Kerala Granthasala Sanghom)
Act, 1989
 Consist
of elected representative of District
Library Councils; five nominated members,
five ex-officio members.
 First State Library Council (1994).
 As per the Act, an amount not more than
one percent set apart for education in the
State budget is provided to the State Library
Council.
o SLC supervises and directs on all matters
relating to library services in the State.
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5250 libraries are affiliated to State Library Council.
Various programmes and services
Jail Libraries
Orphanage Libraries
Tribal Libraries
Heritage Libraries
Academic Study Centers
Rural Book Circulating Programmes
Model Village Libraries
Taluk Reference Libraries
Hospital Libraries
Reading contest for the students
Tuition classes for socially backward students
 Hundred
years of glorious history in the
library movement.
 Dedicated service of social workers.
 People’s movement.
 The govt. contributed much for the
movement.
 Rapid growth of public libraries in its
number.
 But multidimensional development is in a
slow pace.
THANK
YOU
ALL
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