Beyond Financial Aid –
Other Aid Resources
Presented by
Dr. James Theeuwes
Lock Haven University
Other Aid Sources
• Mom and Dad are tapped out, Uncle Louie is
out of change, and Grandma gave her last
nickel. NOW WHAT??
Other Aid Sources
There are many aid sources:
• VA Benefits
• Outside scholarship agencies
• High School Guidance Offices
• Business and local clubs and organizations
• OVR and other official agencies
• Work, Internships, Co-ops, Fellowships, Americorps
• Employer benefits, Affinity groups
• Tuition free schools
• Tax benefits and tax deductions
• Community service for debt reduction
• Family Savings
• Other off the Wall ways
VA Education Benefits Programs
VA Education Benefits Programs
Below is a brief description of current VA education benefit programs. For a
detailed description of VA education benefits, please contact the Department of
Veterans Affairs (DVA) or visit them on the web at
Montgomery GI Bill - Active Duty - Chapter 30
Montgomery GI Bill - Post 9/11 Chapter 33
Montgomery GI Bill - Selected Reserves - Chapter 1606
Montgomery GI Bill - Selected Reserves - REAP/Chapter 1607
Dependents Education Assistance Program - Chapter 35
Veterans Vocational Rehabilitation Program - Chapter 31
Scholarship Sources
Scholarships are another form of financial assistance. Scholarship information
is available via the internet. You may find the following web sites helpful:
Scholarship Sources
American Indian College Fund
American Indian Science and Engineering Society
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
Association of American Indian Affairs, Inc.
Elks National Foundation
Fred S. Bailey Scholarship Fund
Gates Millennium Scholars
Golden Apple Foundation
Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation
Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities
Hispanic College Fund
Hispanic Scholarship Fund
Paul & Daisy Soros Fellowship for New Americans
Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation
American Society of Women Accountants
The John Gyles Education Awards
U.S. Bank Internet Scholarship Program
Guidance Counselors
High school seniors should check with their high school guidance counselors for
additional scholarship sponsors.
Each year many students do not take advantage of this resource.
WHY? Because they don’t bother to fill out a form or write a letter.
Students need to focus and become intelligent consumers.
Business and Other
Many organizations offer scholarships based on a variety of criteria, such as: area of
study; academic or athletic ability; residence; or need.
Possible sources include the:
Rotary Clubs
Knights of Columbus
What is OVR?
OVR is the Pennsylvania Office of Vocational Rehabilitation, a State Agency that
helps persons with disabilities help themselves to prepare for, start, and
maintain a career. OVR has fifteen offices located around the State with over
400 professional vocational rehabilitation counselors. These counselors work
every year with thousands of persons who have physical, mental, and emotional
OVR provides many services, one of which is training.
OVR will help pay for an education to prepare students for jobs, including but not
limited to basic academic, vocation/technical, college, on-the-job, independent
living skills, and personal and work adjustment training. It may be necessary to
leave home to get this training.
Work – Self Help
Student Internship Programs with the Federal Government
The federal government is interested in finding people from diverse backgrounds
who have the skills needed to meet its future employment needs. While some
federal agencies have developed agency-specific programs, this internship
listing is limited to special programs that can be used for hiring in all federal
Work – Self Help
Summer Experience
Some students may be looking for a summer experience that allows them to
work along side people who manage the day-to-day business of our nation. The
Federal Government may have the right opportunity for them. Summer job
opportunities are available in federal agencies throughout the United States and
cover a wide variety of positions.
Work – Self Help
Student Educational Employment (STEP)
Student Career Experience Program (SCEP)
The Student Educational Employment Program provides federal employment
opportunities to students who are enrolled or accepted for enrollment as degree
seeking students taking at least a half-time academic, technical, or vocational
course load in an accredited high school, technical, vocational, 2 or 4 year
college or university, graduate or professional school. The Student Educational
Employment Program, established in 1994, is a streamlined program which
replaces the old Federal Student Employment Program by consolidating four
programs including the Federal Junior Fellowship Program, Stay-In-School
Program, and Harry S. Truman Scholarship Program.
Earn While you Learn
These websites offer ideas on internships. Check to see if paid or unpaid.
Fellowships are usually for graduate work. Students get paid while going to school.
Teaching may be required.
Nationally Coveted College Scholarships, Graduate School Fellowships &
Postdoctoral Awards
UNESCO Fellowships
Training and fellowship schemes constitute for UNESCO a strategic means for
attaining sustainable human development and for fostering of international
understanding and a culture of peace. UNESCO fellowships contribute towards
the genuine sharing of knowledge and expertise in which each party, whether
teacher or student, gives and learns.
Co-operative Education
What is Cooperative Education?
Cooperative education is a structured educational strategy integrating classroom
studies with learning through productive work experiences in a field related to a
student's academic or career goals. It provides progressive experiences in
integrating theory and practice. A co-op is a partnership among students,
educational institutions, and employers, with specified responsibilities for each
Co-operative Education
Need to have agreement among the school, employer, and the student on:
Job description and new learning opportunities
Specified minimum work periods (equivalent in length to an academic term (quarter, semester or
trimester). In alternating programs, students work approximately 40 hrs/wk, full-time during the
term. In parallel programs, students work approximately 20 hrs/wk, part-time during the term.
Work monitored by the school and supervised by employers
Official school enrollment during employment
Recognition as a co-op employee by the employer
Evaluations by the student, the school, and the employer, with guided reflection by the student
Remuneration for work performed
Co-operative Education
An Example
The Cooperative Education Program at Johnson Space Center is open to
graduate and undergraduate students from around the country. As a Co-op,
students regularly alternate semesters at school with semesters at JSC working
in a paid, full-time position directly related to their fields of study. This
supplements lessons learned at school and gives students valuable real-world
experiences they won't get in a classroom!
Other Aid Sources
There are many other types of Aid sources:
Staff Benefits
Union benefits
Employee benefits
Working benefits
School benefits
What is AmeriCorps?
AmeriCorps is an opportunity for students to make a big difference in their lives
and the lives of those around them. It’s a chance to apply one’s skills and ideals
toward helping others and meeting critical needs in the community.
Each year, AmeriCorps offers 75,000 opportunities for adults of all ages and
backgrounds to serve through a network of partnerships with local and national
nonprofit groups.
Whether service makes a community safer, gives a child a second chance, or
helps protect the environment, volunteers get things done through AmeriCorps!
What do AmeriCorps members do?
AmeriCorps members address critical needs in communities all across America. As
an AmeriCorps member, one can:
Tutor and mentor disadvantaged youth
Fight illiteracy
Improve health services
Build affordable housing
Teach computer skills
Clean parks and streams
Manage or operate after-school programs
Help communities respond to disasters
Build organizational capacity
What are the benefits of service?
As AmeriCorps members, students gain new skills and experiences—
and find the tremendous satisfaction that comes from helping others.
In addition, full-time members who complete their service earn a Segal
AmeriCorps Education Award of $4,725 to pay for college, graduate
school, or to pay back qualified student loans; members who serve
part-time receive a partial Award. Some AmeriCorps members may
also receive a modest living allowance during their term of service.
Education Loyalty and Affinity
Education Loyalty and Affinity Programs
These programs involve shopping at certain stores, buying particular products, or
using special debit or credit cards. Such programs are good options to supplement
college savings and financial aid. Below are some examples.
• Upromise
Upromise members can automatically earn a percentage of everyday
purchases at participating grocery, drug, retail, online, and restaurant
locations nationwide. Learn more at
• Baby Mint
By shopping at a participating BabyMint retailer, students can earn a contribution
toward their college savings. Learn more at
Claim tax credits and deductions for
Tax Credits
Hope Scholarship Tax Credit
– For the 2008 tax year, families may receive a tax credit for expenses paid for the
student’s first two years of college (based on tuition and fees paid for education
• Up to $1,800 per student for most families
• Up to $3,600 for students in a midwestern disaster area
– Available for students who are enrolled at least half time in a degree or certificate
program, have not completed the first two years of a postsecondary education, and
who do not have any felony drug convictions.
– Only tuition and certain education expenses that must be paid to the institution as a
condition of enrollment or attendance can be counted toward this credit.
– Students must be listed as dependents on the tax return to be eligible to claim the
Hope Tax Credit.
Claim tax credits and deductions for
Lifetime Learning Tax Credits
– For tax year 2008, one may claim a tax credit for education expenses incurred after the
first two years of postsecondary education:
• Up to $2,000 for most families
• Up to $4,000 for students in a midwestern disaster area
– Eligible students must be enrolled in at least one postsecondary course, but do not
need to be pursuing a degree.
– Equal to 20 percent of the first $10,000 of qualified expenses paid.
– Tuition and related fees are included, but excluded are room, board, books, supplies,
and other living expenses.
– The student must be listed as a dependent on the tax return of the individual who is
claiming the credit.
– This credit is figured on the basis of one credit per tax return, regardless of how many
dependent students are involved.
– To assist with determining the credit, students receive a 1098-T from the
postsecondary school.
Claim tax credits and deductions for
The American Opportunity Tax Credit
New for 2009
Offsets cost of tuition, fees, course related books, supplies, equipment
Partially refundable - $1,000, maximum credit $2,500
College Tuition and Fees Deduction
– Reduce taxable income by up to $4,000 for higher education expenses, depending on
modified adjusted gross income.
– Contact the IRS or a tax advisor for more information.
Student Loan Interest Deduction
– Allows eligible student loan borrowers to deduct up to $2,500 of interest paid.
– Loan must have been used to pay for tuition and/or other higher education expenses,
which may include fees, room & board, books, supplies, or equipment.
– Student must have been enrolled at least half-time in a program that led to a degree,
certificate, or other recognized educational credential.
Claim tax credits and deductions for
Other ways of receiving tax credits or tax deductions on the cost of higher education include
Education IRA withdrawals and educational assistance provided by an employer (tuition
reimbursement programs). Check with your employer or a tax advisor for further details.
Taxpayers cannot claim the Hope or Lifetime Learning credit when taking a tax-free
distribution from an Education IRA, so weigh your choices carefully. For more information,
contact a tax advisor or visit the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) website. Also available
online is IRS Publication 970, which outlines all of the current education tax benefits.
Borrowing from home equity
– Proceeds of a home equity line of credit do not count as income.
– Interest on a home equity line of credit is often fully tax-deductible.
– The interest rate on a home equity line of credit could be lower or higher than the rates
on federal education loans.
Borrowing from 401(k)
– Less-favorable option than educational loans, which offer low interest rates and taxdeductibility.
Tuition-Free Schools
Some students, overwhelmed by tuition prices and the prospect of paying massive student loans
after they graduate, choose to attend a tuition-free school to get a college education without
a hefty price tag. The catch? They may have to work. Some schools require students to
work 10 to 15 hours a week on campus and in jobs related to their majors.
Tuition-free colleges include: The Cooper Union in New York, NY; Webb Institute in Glen
Cove, NY; Berea College in Berea, KY; College of the Ozarks in Point Lookout, MO; and
Alice Lloyd College in Pippa Passes, KY.
Work off Debt with Community Service
The National Health Service Corps offers loan-forgiveness programs to physicians, nurse
practitioners, physician assistants, midwives, dentists, dental hygienists, psychologists and
therapists who work for two years in communities in great need of health professionals.
Similar programs are available to attorneys who pursue public interest careers. About 50 law
schools offer loan-forgiveness or loan-repayment assistance programs. The National
Association of Public Interest Law has a list of the schools on its Web site. The site also lists
state and employer loan-repayment-assistance programs.
Several volunteer organizations also provide assistance with student loan debt.
Peace Corps volunteers who complete a two-year term can wipe out 30 percent of their
Perkins Loan balance. Student loan payments may also be deferred while serving in the
Peace Corps.
Family Savings
Family Savings
Although the investment markets' meltdown may have eroded family savings,
many parents find that they can free up hundreds of extra dollars once their
student moves to campus.
The federal government estimates teenagers cost parents more than $6,000 a
year in food, clothing, transportation, and other extras.
Parents who stop allowances and take away the keys to the family car (and
suspend expensive teen car insurance) can reduce their costs by perhaps
$4,000 during the nine months the student is at school.
Self- Help Books
To Find more Ways:
1001 Ways to Pay for College: Practical Strategies to Make Any College
501 Ways for Adult Students to Pay for College
The Price of Admission: Rethinking how Americans Pay for College
The Complete Idiot's Guide to Financial Aid for College (page 258)
Paying for College Without Going Broke
Off Beat Ideas
Really step outside the box.
Below are some offbeat ways students have used to finance their education.
Become a PCA (personal care assistant).
Braid hair.
Sell items on eBay.
Become an RA (a resident advisor, a student who builds community within the on-campus residence
halls). On many campuses, some part of room, board, and/or tuition is part of the compensation
Participate as a “control” in medical experiments (controls don't actually have anything done to them).
Coach a high-school sport.
Participate in focus groups.
County Services
Child Protection Services
Child Safety Seats
Child Support
Children's Health Insurance
Constituent Liaison Services
Economic Assistance
Energy and Weatherization Assistance
Fair Hearings
Foster Parenting
County Services
Hospital Information for Counties
Indian Child Welfare Act
Long-Term Care Partnership Program
Medical Eligibility
Medical Services
Medicare Part D
Recoveries and Benefit Fraud
Sales Tax on Food Refund
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
Victim Services
Well-Child Care
TANF and Food Stamps
Temporary Assistance To Needy Families (TANF) / Work First New Jersey
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families is a time limited federal program
designed to provide temporary cash payments to families with minor children
who have little or no income. A block of money is appropriated to each state,
which may design its own program.
Food Stamp Program
Provides monthly benefits that help low-income households buy the food they
need for good health. Students may qualify for food stamps if they: (1) work for
low wages; (2) are unemployed or work part-time; (3) receive welfare or other
assistance payment.
Example of What You Can Do
University Of Minnisota’s office of Student Affiars has developed a Student
Parent Help Center (SPHC).
The SPHC provides many services designed to encourage the student parent
success at the University. The center offers a warm, academically oriented
facility where parents can study and develop community with other students
facing the many challenges and rewards that parenting as a student offers.