Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)

Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan
Transformation of Higher Education
Prof. Alok Chakrawal
Coordinator - IQAC
Saurashtra University
Rajkot – 360005
Presentation Sequence
Concerns in Higher Education
RUSA: What, Goals and Scope
RUSA: Approach
RUSA: Strategic Focus
Guiding Principles
Institutional Structures
Institutional Development Plan
State Higher Education Plan
Concerns in Higher Education
• Access, Equity, Quality and Funding
• State Universities: Poor Reforms in areas like:
– Academic and Affiliation
– Governance
– Autonomy
• Role of State in Higher Education
• Funding not linked with performance
• Lack of Monitoring and Evaluation of Schemes of
Higher Education
• Planning by State Governments and Institutions
• Poor Accountability of Institutions and States
• No partnership of stakeholders
• Very Low GER
Triggers for RUSA
• Success of SSA and RMSA
• Existing poor condition of State Higher
Education Institutions
• Limitations of UGC
• Need to make state equal partner in planning
and monitoring
• Urgent need for stakeholder partnership in
process of transformation of higher education
What is RUSA
• A Centrally Sponsored Scheme
• A Strategic Intervention in Higher Education
• Tool
– reforms at State Level
– greater accountability and autonomy of state universities and colleges
• Performance linked Funding
– Funding on the basis of Plans, achievements and outcomes
• Key Result Areas
– Access, Equity and Excellence
• Role of States
– Funding and Accountability
– Planning and Monitoring
• State Higher Education Councils
– Planning, Execution, Evaluation, Monitoring and Capacity Building
• Emphasis on Planning
– Institutional Development Plans
– State Higher Education Plan
• Duration: XII and XIII Plan
• RUSA Implementation Structure
What is RUSA (2)
• Flow of Funds:
– From MHRD to Institutions through State Budget
• Funding to States:
– Based on critical appraisal of State Higher Education Plans
• Funding:
– Norm Based Funding
– Future Grants would be outcome based
• Commitment –a Precondition for RUSA Eligibility
– Academic, Administrative and Governance Reforms
• Centre State Funding Ratio:
– 90:10 or 65:35 or 50:50
RUSA: Goals
• Target GER: 32% by the end of XIII Plan
• State Universities and College
– Quality Improvement
– Capacity Enhancement
• State Universities and College to become:
– Dynamic
– Demand Driven
– Quality Conscious
– Efficient and Forward Looking
– Responsive to rapid economic and technological
RUSA: Goals (2)
• Mandatory Accreditation
• Reforms in State Higher Education System through
– Institutional Structure for
• Planning and Monitoring at State Level
• Autonomy of State Universities/Institutions
• Improvements in Governance
Academic and Examination Reforms in State Institutions
Availability of Quality Teachers and Faculty Development
Enabling Environment for Research and Innovation
Expansion of Institutional Base:
– Creation of additional capacity of existing institutions
– Establishing new institutions
• Regional Balance in Access in Higher Education
• Inclusive Higher Education
– Women, Minorities, Differently enabled, SC/ST and EBC
All State Universities and Colleges
12b and 2(F) Compliant
Non-12B and Non-2 (f)
Approx: 306 Universities and 8500 colleges
Funding for:
• Improvement in Policy, Academic and Management Practices
• Public Funded Institutions:
– Eligible for all components
• Private Aided Institutions:
– Eligible for some component
• Funds for Infrastructure and Quality Improvement
• Capacity Building of the States to
– Plan, Implement and Monitor initiatives for higher education sector
• Planning by Institutions and by States:
– Institutional Development Plan
– State Higher Education Plan
• Key Objectives:
– To improve access, equity and quality in higher
– Through Planned Development at State Level
• Planning at State level for:
– Creating new institutions
– Expanding and upgrading existing ones
– Strengthening self reliant institutions
RUSA Approach
• Funding: Performance based funding, Incentivizing well
performing institutions, decision making through
clearly defined norms
• State Higher Education Plan
• State Higher Education Council:
• Flow of Funds:
– Based on Outcomes and Achievements
– Physical Outputs and Intended Outcomes
• Non negotiable pre-requisites:
A priority commitments to reforms process by state
Academic, Administrative and Governance Reforms
Creation of State Higher Education Council
Filling up Faculty Positions
• Emphasis on Monitoring and Evaluation
RUSA: Approach
States indicate their willingness to participate in RUSA
States and Institutions meet pre-requisites
Institutional Development Plan and State Higher Education Plan
Agreement between SHEC and RUSA Mission Authority
Evaluation of SHE Plans: Norms and Criteria
Allocation of RUSA Funds
Future Grants dependent upon previous utilization
RUSA: Strategic Focus
Spatial and Regional Planning and Mapping
Program and Discipline Planning
Mandatory Accreditation and Quality Improvement
Reforms: Governance and Academic
Review of the Affiliating System
Transparent and Norm-based Funding
Outcome based re-imbursement
Faculty Planning
Equity Intervention
Focus on Research and Innovation
RUSA: Components
New Universities
Equity Initiatives
Upgradation of Autonomous Colleges to Faculty Recruitment Support
Conversion of Colleges to Cluster
Faculty Improvements
Infrastructure Grants to Universities
Research Universities
New Model Colleges (General)
Vocationalization of Higher Education
Upgradation of Existing Colleges to
Model Colleges
Leadership Development of Academic
New Colleges (Professional)
Institutional Restructuring and Reforms
Infrastructure Grants to Colleges
Capacity Building, Preparation, Data
Collection and Planning
Research, Innovation and Quality
Management Information System
Guiding Principles
• Performance based outlays and Outcome
based reimbursement
• Incentivizing and Dis-incentivizing
• Apolitical Decision Making
• Disclosure Based Governance
• Autonomy to Institutions and States
• Equity Based Development
• Quality and Research Focus
Prerequisites for the States
State Higher Education Council
State Perspective Plan
State Contribution to Higher Education as a % of GSDP
State commitment to adhere to timelines for fund release
Agreement to create separate fund for RUSA
Filling Faculty Vacancies
Accreditation Reforms and Mandatory Accreditation
Affiliation and Examination Reforms
Governance and Administrative Reforms at State Level
Institutional Governance Reforms
Prerequisites (2)
Prerequisites for the Institutions
Governance Reforms at Institutional Level
Academic Reforms (Semester System, Choice Based Credit System, Curriculum,
Development, Admission Procedure)
Examination Reforms (Continuous Internal Evaluation and its integration with
Semester End Examination)
Affiliation Reforms
Separate Project Management Teams
Perspective Planning
Equity Commitment
Research and Innovation Efforts
Mandatory Faculty Recruitment and Improvement
Establishment of Management Information System
Regulatory Compliance
Areas of Caution
Many other states are doing much better
Not all Universities/Colleges will be covered
Commitments linked Grants
IDP should be student centric
There should be a good deal of dialogue
amongst faculty, non teaching staff and
• IDP by 14th December. Those who delay will
be left out
Institutional Structure
National Level
State Level
Institutional Level
RUSA Mission Authority
Project Approval Board
Special Purpose Vehicle
( for Technical Support Group and Project
State Higher Education Council
State Project Directorate
Technical Support Group
Governing Body
Project Monitoring Unit
Tentative Goals for Gujarat
How to Monitor
Better Regularity
% Attendance
Better Infrastructure Quality
Better Outcomes
% Employed,, Research Citation Index, CBCS, Credit
Advanced and Up-to-date
% of Syllabus updated in last 5 years
Automated Processes
Academic and Non Academic Staff Ratio
Better Outreach
GER, Gender Ratio, GER among SC&ST
Better Teaching Quality
Institutional Development Plan
Executive Summary
Outcome Analysis of last SHEP
Policy and Strategic Reforms in Strategic Areas
Scheme/Program under RUSA
Monitoring and Evaluation
Financial Management
State Resources and other Sources of Funds
Priority Projects, if other sources are available
State Higher Education Plan
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
Chapter 1: Introduction: Vision, Mission, Goals
Chapter 2: Background
Chapter 3: Analysis of Past Performance: Summary and Detailed Analysis
Chapter 4: Preparation of State Plan: Methodology and Stakeholder Consultation
Chapter 5: Five Year Perspective Plan
Chapter 6: Snapshot of the Annual Plan: Priority Areas and Strategy
Chapter 7: Detailed Plan: Overview of Major Initiatives, Private Sector Participation
and Detailed Component-wise allocations
Chapter 8: University-wise Plan and Financial Impact: Outlays for all universities and
colleges, University-wise break up, College-wise break up, Detailed allocations for
Annexure 1: State Baseline
Annexure 2: Evaluation of State Development Proposal
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