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Republic of the Philippines:
NATIONAL SECURITY
POLICY AND STRATEGY
10 November 2011
Briefing for the 10th Annual Career Executive Service (CES)
National Conference
SCOPE OF PRESENTATION



NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY

INTRODUCTION

FOUNDATIONS

STRATEGIC CONTEXT

EXTERNAL, INTERNAL AND STRATEGIC CONCERNS

NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY FRAMEWORK
NATIONAL SECURITY ASSESSMENT CARD
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
July 2011
National
Security
Plan
2011 - 2016
2011 - 2016
NATIONAL SECURITY
POLICY
Date Endorsed by the
Ad-Hoc Cabinet Cluster on
Security, : May 19, 2011
Date Signed: 7 July 2011
“…it is my distinct pleasure to issue and enunciate this
National Security Policy (NSP) to provide the
overarching framework that shall promote the people’s
welfare and for the posterity of our nation...”
“I, therefore, earnestly urge our people to support this
National Security Policy, which is a people-centered
document that lays down the foundation, and provides
the enabling environment conducive in achieving
security, peace and prosperity for our nation.”
Date Signed: 7 July 2011
CONTENTS AND CHAPTERS
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION
IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY
NATIONAL SECURITY PLANNING PROCESS
Chapter 2. FOUNDATIONS OF NATIONAL SECURITY
CONSTITUTIONAL MANDATE
ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY
MEMORANDUM NO. 6 SERIES OF 2010
16- POINT AGENDA OF THE PRESIDENT
THREATS, RISKS, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
Chapter 3. STRATEGIC CONTEXT
Chapter 4. EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
Chapter 5. INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
Chapter 6. OTHER STRATEGIC ISSUES
Chapter 7. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND
OBJECTIVES
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY (NS Policy) contains
statement of principles that sets the strategic policy goals and
objectives of the administration in order to attain the state or
condition wherein the national interests of the Philippines, the wellbeing of its people and institutions; and its sovereignty and
territorial integrity are protected and enhanced.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
NSP creates the enabling environment
conducive for the successful
implementation of the PDP
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
The foundation of our NATIONAL SECURITY is drawn first and foremost from the Preamble of the
1987 Constitution, which states that:
“We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of almighty
God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a
government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote
the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure
to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and
democracy, under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice,
freedom, love, equality and peace …”
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
16-POINT AGENDA (SUMMARIZED)






A Commitment to Transformational
Leadership (agenda 1 to 5)
An Organized and Widely-shared Economy (agenda 6 to10)
A Professional, Motivated, and Energized Government Service (agenda 11 to12)
A Government that Promotes Equal Gender Opportunity (agenda 13)
A Broadly Supported Just Peace and Order (agenda 14)
A Government that encourages Sustainable Environment (agenda 15 to 16)
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
MEMORANDUM ORDER NO. 6, 2010
“ The NSA shall spearhead the
formulation of the NSP and NSS for
2010 – 2016, in coordination with
all concerned departments, agencies
and instrumentalities of the
government including governmentowned and controlled corporations
and regional offices.”
-- Section 1, Memorandum Order No. 6 dated 21 October 2010
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Socio-Political
Stability
There is peace and
harmony among
divergent groups
of people in the
country, and
mutual cooperation
and support exists
between the
government and
the people
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Ecological
Balance
Ecological Balance
The environment
is able to support
sustainable
development
strategies for the
benefit of the
nation and the
people who
depend on it for
existence
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Ecological
Balance
Territorial
Integrity
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Ecological
Balance
Territorial
Integrity
External
Peace and
Harmony
External Peace and
Harmony
The country and
the people enjoy
cordial relations
with their
neighbors, and
they are free from
any control,
interference or
threat of
aggression from
any of them
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Ecological
Balance
Cultural
Cohesiveness
Territorial
Integrity
External
Peace and
Harmony
Cultural
Cohesiveness
The people share
the values and
beliefs handed
down by their
forebears and
possess a strong
sense of attachment
to national
community despite
their religious,
ethnic and linguistic
differences
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Economic
Solidarity
Ecological
Balance
Cultural
Cohesiveness
Territorial
Integrity
External
Peace and
Harmony
Economic Solidarity
The economy is
strong, capable of
supporting national
endeavors, and
derives its strength
from the people
who have an
organic stake in it
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Economic
Solidarity
Ecological
Balance
Moral-Spiritual
Consensus
Cultural
Cohesiveness
Territorial
Integrity
External
Peace and
Harmony
Moral-Spiritual
Consensus
There is moral and
spiritual consensus
on the wisdom and
righteousness of the
national vision and
they are inspired by
their patriotism and
national pride to
participate
vigorously in the
pursuit of the
country’s goals and
objectives
CHAPTER 2: FOUNDATIONS
ELEMENTS OF
NATIONAL
SECURITY
Socio-Political
Stability
Economic
Solidarity
Ecological
Balance
Moral-Spiritual
Consensus
Cultural
Cohesiveness
Territorial
Integrity
External
Peace and
Harmony
CHAPTER 3: STRATEGIC CONTEXT
Philippines in a Global Landscape
B. Philippines: an ASEAN Nation
C. Philippines: a developing country
D. Philippines: facing challenges of governance
A.
CHAPTER 4: EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
A. Global and Regional
Geopolitical Issues
B. Overlapping Territorial
and Maritime Claims and
Other Regional Concerns

United States

Japan

ASEAN

China

Encroachments into PHL EEZ

Others (South Korea,
Australia, Russia and India)

Possible Korean Peninsula Conflict

The West Philippine Sea and
elsewhere
C.Regional Military
Build-up and
Weapons of Mass
Destruction

Arms Race

Nuclear Proliferation
CHAPTER 5: INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
A.
Internal Armed
Conflicts


Communist Insurgency
Secessionist Movement
B.
Terrorism

Abu Sayyaf Group
(ASG)
C.
Weak Institutions




Partisan Armed Groups
(PAGs)
Criminality
Graft and Corruption
Poverty
CHAPTER 6: OTHER STRATEGIC ISSUES
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Overseas Filipino Migrants and Workers
Transnational Crimes
Climate Change and Global Warming
Environmental Degradation
Health Concerns
Disasters and Crises
Resource Issues (Food, Human Resources, Energy)
CONTENTS AND CHAPTERS
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION
IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY
NATIONAL SECURITY PLANNING PROCESS
Chapter 2. FOUNDATIONS OF NATIONAL SECURITY
CONSTITUTIONAL MANDATE
ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY
MEMORANDUM NO. 6 SERIES OF 2010
16- POINT AGENDA OF THE PRESIDENT
THREATS, RISKS, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
Chapter 3. STRATEGIC CONTEXT
Chapter 4. EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
Chapter 5. INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT
Chapter 6. OTHER STRATEGIC ISSUES
Chapter 7. NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY, GOALS AND
OBJECTIVES
“Ends”
CHAPTER 7: POLICY STATEMENT
As a matter of policy, the State shall undertake the
necessary steps to ensure that the Filipino National
Community’s welfare, well being, ways of life,
institutions; territorial integrity and sovereignty are
enhanced and protected.
CHAPTER 7: POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
THE STATE SHALL UNDERTAKE THE NECESSARY STEPS TO ENSURE THAT THE FILIPINO NATIONAL
COMMUNITY’S WELFARE, WELL BEING, WAYS OF LIFE, INSTITUTIONS, AND TERRITORY AND
SOVEREIGNTY ARE ENHANCED AND PROTECTED.
PROMOTE INTERNAL SOCIO-POLITICAL
STABILITY
1.
2.
3.
4.
CAPACITATE THE PHILIPPINES TO EXERCISE FULL SOVEREIGNTY
OVER ITS TERRITORY AND TO PROVIDE PROTECTION TO ITS
MARITIME AND OTHER STRATEGIC INTERESTS
CREATE THE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT IN ORDER TO ENSURE THE EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF BASIC SERVICES,
PROTECT OUR NATURAL RESOURCES, AND PROMOTE ECONOMIC RECONSTRUCTION & SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT TO WIN THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF THOSE WITH VALID GRIEVANCES AND RETAIN THE
ALLEGIANCE OF THE REST OF THE CITIZENRY
STRENGTHEN THE INTEGRITY OF NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PROMOTE GOOD GOVERNANCE THROUGH
REFORMS IN THE SECURITY SECTOR
PROMOTE THE PEACE PROCESS AS THE CENTERPIECE OF OUR INTERNAL SECURITY PROGRAM
LAUNCH A HOLISTIC PROGRAM TO COMBAT TERRORISM
CHAPTER 7: POLICY, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
THE STATE SHALL UNDERTAKE THE NECESSARY STEPS TO ENSURE THAT THE FILIPINO NATIONAL
COMMUNITY’S WELFARE, WELL BEING, WAYS OF LIFE, INSTITUTIONS, AND TERRITORY AND
SOVEREIGNTY ARE ENHANCED AND PROTECTED.
PROMOTE INTERNAL SOCIO-POLITICAL
STABILITY
1.
2.
3.
4.
CAPACITATE THE PHILIPPINES TO EXERCISE FULL SOVEREIGNTY
OVER ITS TERRITORY AND TO PROVIDE PROTECTION TO ITS
MARITIME AND OTHER STRATEGIC INTERESTS
PROMOTE EXTERNAL HARMONIOUS RELATIONSHIPS WITH OUR NEIGHBORS AND THE WORLD AT
LARGE
PURSUE REGIONAL COOPERATION IN VARIOUS AREAS
ENHANCE OUR COOPERATIVE SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS WITH ALLIES AND NEIGHBORS
DEVELOP A DEFENSE CAPABILITY TO PROTECT OUR SOVEREIGNTY AND STRATEGIC MARITIME
INTERESTS
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY FRAMEWORK
NATIONAL INTERESTS
NATIONAL OBJECTIVES
EXTERNAL
ENVIRONMENT
PRESIDENT BENIGNO S. AQUINO III
PRONOUNCEMENTS
ENDURING PRINCIPLES
NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY
INTERNAL
ENVIRONMENT
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY
POLITICAL
DIPLOMATIC
INFORMATIONAL
ECONOMIC
MILITARY
INSTRUMENTS OF NATIONAL POWER
DECISION MAKING PROCESS
STRATEGIC INDUSTRIES
(PUBLIC-PRIVATE
PARTNERSHIPS)
RESOURCES
RESOURCE GENERATION AND ALLOCATION
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY - It is the comprehensive outline on vital national security concerns and
challenges and how the government plans to deal with them using the instruments of national power
IMPLEMENTATION
AND
MONITORING
NATIONAL SECURITY ASSESSMENT CARD
1.National
Security
Issue/Concern
4.Instrument
of National
Power
2.National
Security
Objective/s
5.Program
or Project
6.Resources
3.Department/
Agency Name
7.Unit of
Measure
8.Baseline
Data
(2010)
9.Yearly
Assessment
(+)/(-)
10.Expected
Program
Impact/
End State
Manpower/
Human Capital
Legal/E.O./
Issuances
Funding /GAA
PPP – Infra/
Industries
NSC – SPO Form # 1
Objective:
 to assess the extent of the “Whole-of-Government” achievements in
addressing priority national security issues and concerns.
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIC GROUPINGS


The NS Plan needs to be supported through the “whole-of-government”
approach.
Five (5) national security strategic groupings formed according to the
typology on the instruments of national power in order to tackle concrete
and realistic courses of action (COAs):
Political Group
Diplomatic Group
Economic Group Information Group
Military Group
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIC GROUPINGS
Grouping
Political
Indicative Areas of Concern
Transnational Crimes (External)
Internal Armed Conflicts (Internal)
Terrorism (Internal)
Weak Institutions
Environmental Degradation
Dept/Agencies
DILG – Lead
OPAPP
DOJ
DSWD
DOH
DA
DAR
LGUs (ULAP)
LEDAC
Ombudsman
NCIP
DEPED
DENR
DSWD
CHED
CSC
NSC
NCMF
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIC GROUPINGS
Grouping
Diplomatic
Indicative Areas of Concern
Global and Regional Geopolitical Issues
Overlapping Territorial and Maritime Claims and
Other Regional Concerns
Overseas Filipino Migrants and Workers
Transnational Crimes
Regional Military Build-up and WMD
Climate Change and Global Warming
Dept/Agencies
DFA – Lead
DTI
DOLE
POEA
DND/AFP
Think Tanks
Academe
NSC
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIC GROUPINGS
Grouping
Economic
Indicative Areas of Concern
Internal Armed Conflict
Weak Institutions
Environmental Issues
Strategic Resource Issues
Overseas Filipino Migrants and Workers
(Economic)
Climate Change and Global Warming
(Economic)
Dept/Agencies
NEDA – Lead
DTI
DPWH
DOTC
DENR
DOT
NSC
DAR
NAPC
DILG
AFP/PNP
DOLE
DOF
BSP
DSWD
MMDA Academe
Think Tanks
Business Chambers
Associations
CCC
DOE
HUDCC
DOST
DBM
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIC GROUPINGS
Grouping
Information
Indicative Areas of Concern
Strategic Messaging and
Collection and analysis of
information on all concerns
Dept/Agencies
Presidential Communications
Development and Strategic
Planning Office (PCDSPO) - Lead
NSC
NICA
CICT
NTC
DND
AFP-ISAFP
AFP-J2/N2/A2/G2
PNP-DIDM
BOC
PCG
NBI
NAMRIA
Media
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIC GROUPINGS
Grouping
Military
Indicative Areas of Concern
Global and Regional Geopolitical Issues
Overlapping Territorial and Maritime Claims and
other Regional Concerns
Transnational Crimes
Regional Military Build-up and WMD
Internal Armed Conflicts
Terrorism
Dept/Agencies
DND – Lead
OPAPP
NAPOLCOM
CHR
AFP
NBI
BI
PCG
DILG
DOJ
DOTC
PNP
DFA
NSC
SUMMARY
1. National Security Policy 2011-2016 – “ends” of our National Security
Plan
2. National Security Strategy -
compendium of national security related
programs, plans and sub-strategies which is the “ways and means” of our National
Security Plan
3. National Security Assessment Card
a. Identify and monitor the “whole-of-government” approach
b. Identify opportunities to pursue a wide-base of public support involving Private
Sector and the Non-Government Organizations (NGOs)
www. gov.ph Official Gazette, Office of the President
Republic of the Philippines:
NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY
AND STRATEGY
End of Presentation
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