“Developing Sustainable Agricultural Production Systems

advertisement
Current International Projects and Prospects
for future Collaborations with SLU at Makerere
University, Kampala, Uganda.
Dr. Denis Mpairwe,
Ag. Dean, School of
Agricultural Sciences
College of Agricultural
and environmental
sciences, Makerere
University.
With Support from
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Research Development Objective
• To improve productivity and competitiveness
of Uganda's Agriculture transforming the
country into a major bio-resource and food
security actor.
Purpose
 To mobilise Science &Technology for
development, deployment and
utilization of products and services
and human resources in
transformation of Uganda's Agriculture
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Research Objectives
Develop and promote of resilient, highly productive
and niche competitive crop varieties (focus is on
crop improvement and management- agronomy,
IPM and diseases)
Develop and promote highly productive and
resilient livestock species and products
Promote market competitiveness through value
addition and effective policy support
Enhance knowledge management through novel
and effective extension and innovation approaches
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Research projects and collaborations with SLU
Developing sustainable agricultural
production systems through
ecological resource management &
value addition
Project Leaders:
I.
Prof. E.N. Sabiiti, College of Agricultural and
environmental sciences, Mak. & Dr. Ewa Wredle
Department of Animal Science, SLU
Part of a larger University-wide SIDA supported project
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Research Sub-themes
1) Increase Efficiency in Agricultural Waste
Utilization and Management
2) Enhance Production Systems for Increased
Crop/Livestock Productivity
3) Enhance Value Chain Systems for Sustainable
Agricultural Productivity
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Increase Efficiency in Agricultural Waste Utilization
and Management
Period
2000-2013
• Social
• Capacity building training– 7 PhDs trained,
1PhD under training; 1 MSc trained
• Environmental
• Recovering nutrients from crop wastes to
3 core
values
improve soil fertility
• Reducing the problem of garbage
accumulation
• Economic
• Sale of sorted wastes e.g. banana peels and
sweet potato vines for income
• Increased crop/animal production as a
result of utilization of the market wastes
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Waste Management – Phase I
Period
2000-2005
4 Key
Research
areas
• Utilization of urban market crop wastes in
livestock production systems - J. NambiKasozi, E. N. Sabiiti, F. B. Bareeba and E.
Sporndly
• Urban market crop waste for soil fertility
management - Amoding, A., Tenywa, J.S.,
Ottabong, E. and Ledin, S.
• Market crop wastes derived soil
fertility
amendments: a tool in integrated pest
management in Uganda - Karungi, J.,
Kyamanywa, S. and Ekbom, B.
• Socio-economic implications of waste
utilization - Ekere, W., Mugisha, J., and
Drake, L
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Waste Management - Phase I
• Four members of academic staff trained to PhD
Key Outputs
and
Outcomes
level
• Linkages established with national stakeholders
including farmers, market vendors, Kampala City
Council (KCC), NEMA, Communication media
houses, Local Government personnel, some
schools personnel – 3 dissemination workshops
• Engineered change of PhD examination system
through collaboration with SLU
• Enhanced visibility of Makerere University and
scientists due to dissemination workshops (3),
publications, presentation to Parliament
• Increased graduate supervision capacity
• Fostered research culture and networking in the
Faculty
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Waste Management - Phase II
Period
2005 - 2009
4 Key
Research
areas
• Developing feed rations for meat goats
based on urban market crop wastes – C.
Katongole, F.B. Bareeba, E.N. Sabiiti, I. Ledin
• Socio-economic impact of biogas
production as a waste management
strategy in urban and peri-urban areas –
P. Walekwa, J. Mugisha, D. Lars
• Assessment of low-technology methods
for composting urban market crop
wastes – J.B. Tumuhairwe, Tenywa, J.S.,
Otabbong, E., Stig, L.
Above ground closed
composting
• Organic soil fertility amendments for
management of crop pests - J. Karungi, S.
Kyamanywa, B. Ekbom
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Waste Management - Phase II
Key Outputs
and
Outcomes
• 3 members of academic staff trained to PhD
level; 2 MSc
• Contributed to the implementation of the PEAP
pillar 3 and Millennium Development Goals healthier environment, high food production &
incomes
• Enhanced skills of scientists at the university
impacting on tertiary education in terms of
output of knowledgeable and skilled human
resources in the country
• Scientists on Boards/Councils at other
Goats feeding on sorted/cleaned
crop waste
Universities or involved with NCHE, Ministry of
Education and Sports (MoES) in policy
formulation
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Waste Management - Phase III
Period
2010 - 2013
• Environmental Systems Analysis of
urban waste management
technologies in Kampala, Uganda –
A. Komakech, L. Kasisira, N. Banadda, B.
Vinneras, H. Jonsson, C. Sundberg, G.
Gebresenbet
Key
Research
areas
• Institutionalizing of a Centre of
excellence in waste management
(CEWM) at MUARIK – E.N. Sabiiti et al
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Waste Management - Phase III
Period
2010 - 2013
• Pioneered vermi-composting in
Uganda
• Mapped animal farms distribution
Key
Outputs/Out
comes
and waste disposal in and around
Kampala to inform policy
• Fostered linkages with
stakeholders and advisors in waste
management
• Attracted government interest in
the CEWM
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Enhancing Production and value chain systems for
sustainable development
• Increase livestock productivity and food security in
2010-2013
Phase III
the rangeland pastoral communities – M. Tibezinda, D.
Mpairwe, E. Wredle, E.N. Sabiiti
• Enhancement of agricultural productivity through
soil and water conservation in Uganda – A. Turinawe,
Research
Focus
L. Drake, J. Mugisha
• Develop and commercialize nutriceuticals from
traditional Ugandan foods – B. Andabati, J. Muyonga
• Develop ecologically adapted crop management
strategies for pests and diseases for increased
crop productivity - C. Muwanika, J. Karungi, B. Ekbom, S.
Kyamanywa
• Integrate catchment-based soil fertility and water
management for increased crop production – E.
Muyingo, J.S. Tenywa
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Enhancing Production and value chain systems for
sustainable development
• 11 project scientists appointed/promoted to
Phase III
2010-2013
different leadership positions locally and
internationally.
• 7 peer-reviewed publications; 3 conference
Key Outputs
and
outcomes
proceedings
• 11 additional research projects and
collaborations garnered by the project
scientists including former PhD students
• Increase in number of research outputs,
awards, and teams led former graduate
students
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Enhancing Production and value chain systems for
sustainable development
Phase III
2010-2013
• Increased linkages with stakeholders –
Kabale and Mbarara districts
• Contributed to increased visibility of
Key Outputs
and
outcomes
Makerere and Swedish universities through
publications and presentations made in
scientific for a
• Accessed more funding from the Swedish
government through the UD40 project
Swedish Research Council Visit 07 March 2013
Outcomes Summary – 2000 - 2013
• Increased CAES staff establishment with PhDs (10)
• Trained scientists fully active and improving quality of
service in the university and beyond
• Research outputs from research has led to individual and
collective accolades
• Project scientists greatly involved in development of
curriculum and policy in upcoming and established
universities in the country (Busitema, Kabale, Bishop
Stuart, Nkozi universities)
• Modified graduate examination process of Makerere
University
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Outcomes Summary – 2000 - 2013
• Research technologies being used in national
agenda – composting in municipalities with Dr. J.B.
Tumuhairwe taking lead.
• More research grants coming into the university
driving performance momentum
• Attracted government effort in research – funding to the
school of Food science and Bioengineering for incubation
• Research technologies contributing towards alleviation of
pressing needs of the communities eg. garbage
accumulation, degraded soils, agricultural pests, degraded
rangelands and harsh weather conditions
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Research projects and collaborations with SLU
II. Feed for livestock in urban and peri-
urban production: the case of Kampala,
Uganda
Project Leaders:
Dr C. Katongole and J. E. Lindberg, SLU
Supported by Government of Sweden (Ministry
of Foreign Affairs).
Presentation at a seminar organized by SLU Global 21 March 2013
Key Outcomes
 Human capacity building:
1)
2)
3)
4)
One MSc. candidate – Submit by April 2013
Three Swedish students for Minor Field Studies
One under graduate special project report
Capacity of fresh PhD collaborators to supervise students
enhanced
 Dissemination of results:
1)
2)
3)
Four manuscripts – One has been accepted (JARDTS).
Farmers brochures in 2 languages – English & Luganda
Farmers handbook on Availability and Utilization of feed
resources – to be produced by June 2013.
Brochure for Dairy cattle farmers
Brochure for Pig farmers
Brochure for Chicken farmers
III.
IMPROVING FEED AVAILABILITY FOR DAIRY
CATTLE IN PASTORAL PRODUCTIONAL SYSTEM
E. N. Sabiiti, D. Mpairwe and E. Wredle
Supported by Government of Sweden (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Students: C. Johansson, S. Katuromunda &
M. Tibezinda
25
Cattle scavenging for herbage during drought period – March 2012
Objectives of the research
1. To assess feed resource availability and
utilisation for dairy cattle in the agropastoral rangeland production system of
south western Uganda
2. To assess the effect of seasonal feed
availability and nutrient quality on
performance of grazing cattle on dairy
farms in the agro-pastoral systems.
3. To evaluate the response to supplementary
feeding by lactating dairy cows and calves
grazing improved natural pasture.
Study 1: Feed resources availability and
performance of dairy cattle in agro pastoral
system of south western Uganda
PhD - Tibezinda Mary
STUDY 2: SEASONAL EFFECTS ON FEED AVAILABILITY AND
PERFORMANCE OF DAIRY CATTLE IN THE RANGELAND OF
SOUTHWEST UGANDA
PhD study: C. Johansson
30
Study 3: Growth performance of Ankole x Friesian crossbred calves
grazed on natural pastures and supplemented with protein from
locally available feed resources – Post-doctoral Research.
IV. Enhancing food security in Eastern
African through development of
appropriate seed delivery systems
and climate resilient varieties of
cassava, potato and sweetpotato.
Bioinnovate Prog. Sida/SAREC
V Breeding maize and sorghum for
drought tolerance (stay green)
Bioinnovate Prog. Sida/SAREC
VI
Delivering New Sorghum and Finger
Millet Innovations for Food Security
and Improving Livelihoods in Eastern
Africa - Bioinnovate (SIDA).
The project:
brings together experts and stakeholders at
national, regional and international levels, and
employs a diverse research approach that
ranges from participatory on-farm and field
experiments to exploitation of comparative
genomic tools, and
provides a strategic platform for sorghum and
millets improvement.
VII
Harnessing finger millet as a bio-resource crop:
developing an East African knowledge base Swedish Research Council (Vetenskaprådet.).
Meetings/workshops with new regional programmes to
optimise outputs of R&D and thereby establish a strong
network including private partnerships
Inviting international experts to boost knowledge where gaps
have been identified and direct various inputs including
capacity building.
Collect P. oryzae isolates from various grass hosts & use M.
grisea genome information for further Xcterisation.
Use public available grass genome sequences to test their
informative value on finger millet genotypes collected..
VIII
UNLOCKING THE POTENTIAL OF MAIZE AND
SORGHUM AS NEW FOOD, FEED AND INDUSTRIAL
RAW MATERIALS. MSI GOU.
• Developing novel products such as biodegradable plastics for food and
packaging, bio-fortified food, feed (animals, poultry and fish), novel
beverages and bio-fuels.
• Enhancing breeding of high lysine maize by developing selection
systems for modifier genes and parent backgrounds.
• Developing systems for sustainable soil nutrient and carbon
sequestration to support high production and reduce carbon footprint
thus reducing global warming.
• Building the critical human resources and infrastructure necessary to
support innovations and development of a science/knowledge based
economy in Uganda.
IX
Development of Plant Nutrient Efficient Use
Sorghum Varieties To Support Livelihood
Strategies East African Farmers RUFORUM
• focus on development of methodologies and technologies to improve
breeding of resilient sorghum varieties for farming communities who live in
marginal and drought prone areas of Kenya and Uganda
• improved nitrogen, phosphorus use and uptake and tolerance to
aluminium toxicity
 employ a research and training approach that uses genomics, quantitative
genetics and plant physiology to develop breeding systems for sorghum
improvement as well as resilient sorghums
• Sida – Swedish government
• Uganda government
• Makerere University
Acknowledgements
• SLU
• DRGT
• CAES
• Farming communities
• Scientists and Students
List of Scientists and Students on Sida Program (Makerere and SLU – 2000-2013)
Name
1. Prof. E.N. Sabiiti
2. Dr. Ewa Wredle
3. Dr. Abraham Joel
4. Dr. Stig-Ledin
5. Prof. S. Kyamanywa
6. Prof. Inga Ledin
7. Prof. E. Spondly
8. Prof. E. Otabbong
9. Prof. B. Ekbom
10. Dr. J.S. Tenywa
11. Dr. J. Mugisha
12. Dr. L. Drake
13. Prof. J. Muyonga
14. Dr. L. Kasisira
15. Dr. D. Mpairwe
16. Dr. N. Banadda
17. Ass. Prof. Carl Johan Lagerkvist
18. Ass. Prof. Bjorn Vinneras
19. Prof. Hakan Jonsson
20. Dr. Cecilia Sundberg
21. Prof. Girma Gebresenbet
22. Dr. J. Karungi
23. Dr. J. Nambi-Kasozi
24. Dr. W. Ekere
25. Dr. A. Amoding
26. Dr. C. Katongole
27. Dr. J.B. Tumuhairwe
28. Dr. P. Walekwa
29. Mr. A. Komakech
30. Ms. A. Turinawe
31. Ms. M. Tibezinda
32. Mr. U. K. Lubanga
33. Mr. F. Ogwang
34. Mr. C. Muwanika
35. Mr. B. Andabati
36. Mr. E. Muyingo
Designation on Project
Coordinator
Coordinator
Coordinator
Coordinator
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
Scientist/Supervisor
PhD student/Supervisor
PhD student/Supervisor
PhD student/Supervisor
PhD student/Supervisor
PhD student/Supervisor
PhD student/Supervisor
PhD student/Supervisor
PhD student
PhD student
PhD student
MSc. student
MSc. student
MSc. student
MSc. student
MSc. student
Period
2000-2013
2010-2013
2005-2009
2000-2005
2002-2013
2002-2004
2004-2008
2000-2009
2002-2013
2002-2013
2002-2013
2002-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
2002-2013
2002-2008
2002-2008
2002-2013
2005-2009
2005-2010
2005-2010
2010-2014
2010-2014
2010-2014
2006-2008
2008-2010
2010-2013
2010-2013
2010-2013
Institution
FAF/CAES, Mak
SLU
SLU
SLU
FAF/CAES, Mak
SLU
SLU
SLU
SLU
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
SLU
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
CAES, Mak
SLU
SLU
SLU
SLU
SLU
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
FAF/CAES, Mak
Download
Related flashcards

System administration

65 cards

Civil defense

33 cards

Create Flashcards