Krami Sweden - Formazione e lavoro

Prison and Probation Services
National Employment Services
Krami Sweden
Prison and Probation
Employment Institute
Mikael Andersson
Labor Market Secretary
Municipality of Malmo
Kramis target group
Krami turns to men and women who normally are of immediate
interest within the three authorities. The target group is
characterized by social difficulties in terms of criminal behavior,
or individuals who find themselves within a criminal context.
The activity is directed towards persons from 18 years of age.
The goal is that the client shall:
• Find, get and keep a job
• Live a law-abiding life
• Be self-supporting and participate in new social contexts
Krami Sweden
Target group and goals
• Krami started as a local project in 1980 in the city of Malmo.
• A result of a call for collaboration between authorities upon
clients release from prison.
• A need for co-ordination , effective planning and long-term
rehabilitation for this type of clients.
• Through joint actions between authorities as well as
transgression of responsibilities the individuals’ whole
complex of problems became visible and processed
• As a result, a specific Krami model was established with
working teams that were specialized in rehabilitating young
offenders with complex social problems and integrating them
into the open labor market.
Krami Sweden
Background and development
Krami Norway
Krami Sweden
The policy is a national agreement stating that the Swedish
Prison and Probation Services and National Employment
Services have common goal in cooperating for the integration or
re-integration of ex-offenders to the Swedish labor market. The
aim is to work together with resources and competencies to
prevent further isolation and reduce recidivism.
The Prison and Probation Services and the National Employment
Services have agreed upon this policy to create unity and
provide guidelines for established as well as for newly
established Krami practices. The purpose with the policy is to
clarify the state’s role in Krami. The policy will constitute the
basis for the governmental agencies dialog with local
authorities, whom are a third party in the cooperation.
Krami Sweden
Kramis Policy
• A written agreement between the three authorities.
• A local Steering-Group, represented by the three authorities.
• Each Krami office consists of at least one employee from each
• Working at Krami presumes a willingness to cooperate and a
desire to take on a pedagogical role.
Krami Sweden
Some basic preconditions for a
Krami practice
General Director
Prison and Probations Services
General Director
National Employment Services
Nation Board of Collaboration
9 representatives from the
Prison and Probation Services
and Employment Services
Working Committee
4 repr. from the national Board
2 from the Prison and
Probation Services and 2 from
the Employment Services
16 Local/ regional Steering-Groups
Represented by Regional/local directors and
leaders and personnel from the Prison and
Probation services, The Employment Services and
the Municipality, Social Services
16 Local Krami offices
Represented by personnel from the 3 authorities
Krami Sweden
Krami Sweden organization
Leadership - Steering
• Mutual preparation is made within the National Board of
Collaboration as well as within the local Steering-Groups.
Decision-making is from thereon made individually by each
Krami Sweden
• Krami is controlled by a National Board of Collaboration
consisting of representatives from the National Employments
Services and the Prison and Probation Services.
National level
General outlines for local agreements.
Personnel resources for each activity.
Quantified yearly goals.
Preparing suggestions on locations for where Krami offices are
needed or liquidated.
• Follow up every six months.
• Guiding principles/ policy document.
Krami Sweden
The National Board of Collaboration deals with questions about:
• The National Board of Collaboration’s Working Committee
shall meet on a yearly basis with representatives from the
local Steering-Groups in order to discuss current questions.
• The Working Committee can when needed create national
working groups represented by Krami staff and/or members
from Steering-Groups to work with current questions.
Krami Sweden
• The National Board shall meet with the local Steering-Groups
on a yearly basis in order to discuss current questions.
Local level
Work Now
Krami Sweden
Public administration
of Service
Manager of Work Now
Prison and Probation/
Regional Head
Special unit
Head of local Employment Services
Local responsibilities
The local Steering-Group is accountable for
• Results
• Budget and rationing of resources
• Follow-up as well as reporting to the national board of collaboration
• An annual plan and report
• Recruitment of personnel
• Mutual administrative routines
• Quality check as well as eventual local quality goals
Krami Sweden
Local Krami activities are agreed upon by Regional Directors and
leaders of the Prison and Probation Services, local Employment
Services and the Municipality, including staff members from the local
Krami office.
• An annual report of accounts shall be delivered to the
National Board of Collaboration by latest March 31. All results
shall be stated in the account. When the results diverge from
the before set goals, an analysis of the causes of the
divergence shall be included in the report.
Krami Sweden
• The local Steering-Groups assemble at least three times a
• Each organization is responsible for wages and costs for inservice training as well as costs concerning for example, ITsupport, personnel.
• Mutual operational costs are regulated in the local agreement
and divided between the Prison and Probation Services and
the Municipality. This includes costs for premises, effects,
recreational activities, copying machine, travelling.
• The Employment Service is responsible for coasts concerning
labor market action plans.
Krami Sweden
Rationing of costs
Quality check
• Local Krami offices shall have defined areas of responsibilities and
powers. To ensure a high quality within the work demands that
Krami personnel as well as management within the various
authorities also partake in improving- and developing the activity.
Support and competency from other persons of authority within
related organizations and districts are important in order to avoid
misunderstanding and other obstacles.
• A good climate is created by good relations between management,
personnel and participants’. The various organizations should act to
make sure that collaboration can work within the own organization.
Krami Sweden
• Local Steering-Groups are responsible for ensuring that Krami works
in accordance with given guidelines/policy.
• Personnel from the three authorities work together within its
own facilities on equal terms and with a common idea and
way of working. The work is based on a mutual attitude with a
futuristic perspective on the participants given prerequisites
and resources. Each part contributes with their competencies
and authoritative resources.
Social secretary
and/or other
Prison and/or
Probation Officer
Employment officer
Krami Sweden
The practice
• Current within the Prison and Probation Services, Registered
as a citizen within the municipality, current within the Social
Services and unemployed.
3 Phases
• Introduction phase 2 – 4 weeks
• Vocational phase 3 – 6 months
• Employment phase 1 year
The clients economy
• Monthly subsidy from the employment services
• Social allowances from the social services
• Wage subsidy from the employment services when employed
Krami Sweden
Kramis clients
The labor market
Building networks
Krami takes full responsibility for the client
Offering Long-term follow-up
Offering labor market wage subsidy
Krami Sweden
• Each Krami staff member has a responsibility to supervise the
client towards the labor market.
Kramis objective
• 50% to employment
Krami Sweden
• For practices with one (1) staff member from each authority,
the objective is that 30-40 participants’ enroll per year. For
larger practices the objective is that 50-60 participants’ enroll
per year.
Krami evaluated
Costs of public services
• Cost effective analysis: 50% cost cut for Krami and 25% cut for
the control groups.
• 15 year investment analysis: expenditure decreases and/or
benefit increases of about 2.5 million SEK per individual for
the Krami program and 0.5 – 1.0 million SEK for the control
Client effects
• The study found that the employment situation improved
dramatically for the Krami clients. Except for the few that
dropped out at an early stage, all had a job one year after
starting the program.
Krami Sweden
By the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare.
Krami Malmö
Box 7093
200 42 Malmö
Krami Sweden
Mikael Andersson
[email protected]
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