HEC Plagiarism Policy - University of Peshawar

Plagiarism in the Light of HEC
Plagiarism Policy
Presented By
Salman Jan
Assistant Registrar (QE)
University of Peshawar
In the Name of Allah the Entirely Merciful, The
Especially Merciful
► Introduction
► How
to Plagiarism
to Avoid Plagiarism
► Plagiarism
► Question
& Answer
Plagiarism Definition:
• Using published work without Referencing.
• “Taking and Using the thoughts, writings, and
inventions of another person as one’s own”.
• Replication of efforts of other Researchers.
• An intellectual dishonesty.
• A plagiarist is “a kind of thief ”.
one who steals the thoughts or writings of others and
gives them out as his/her own.
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to:
• Using published work without referencing
• Copying another student's results
• Copying elements of another author’s paper.
• Verbatim or near verbatim copying of portions of another paper
without citation
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to:
• The unacknowledged use of:
– Diagrams
– Graphs
– Tables
– Models
– Digital images
– Photographs
– computer programs
– web pages, calculations, derivations, artifacts.
Degrees of Plagiarism
There are also degrees of plagiarism
• Copying the whole of the assignment/document
• Copying only part of it
• Paraphrasing
How can you tell? You are not
• The key element of a submitted assignment is that (unless it
is assessed as a group project) it should be your own work
• Try testing yourself against the following declaration:
Where material has been used from other sources it has
been properly acknowledged.
Forms of Plagiarism
Copying from a single source
• A published book
• A published article or the internet
• A piece of work previously submitted by another
student for the same or a similar assignment
• copying from a text which is about to be submitted for
the same assignment
• Plagiarism therefore is not copying from published
sources only.
• It can also arise from the copying of unpublished
sources e.g. Articles before Peer Review.
• This is putting someone else’s views into your own
• One of the grey areas in plagiarism.
• Solution:
Acknowledge all sources used
Unacceptable Excuses
• “I cited all the sources in the bibliography”.
• You may have, but the issue is how you have
used the works cited, and simply to summarize
the work of others is not enough
• “I did use several sources and cited them”.
• No- You did not use several sources, you copied
from them and did not use inverted commas to
show that it was their words and not yours.
Self Plagiarism
The re-use of significant, identical, or nearly
identical portions of one’s own work without
Also known as “Reproduction”
How to avoid Plagiarism
• Use of Quotations
Exact Words in research should appear in
Quotation Marks and be referenced
e.g. “Definitions/exact wordings which cannot
be changed”, [1]
Cite all sources used
Cite all the sources used.
E.g. Book, Article, Internet Site, Newspaper
Article etc.
Try to keep to bibliographic material which you
have actually consulted
How do I know when to include a
reference in my work?
It is not always necessary to include a reference to
Everything you say.
The sentence “The Battle of Hastings was fought in the
south of England in 1066” would not need references to
where you obtained the information, because it is very well
Positive Reasons for Not Plagiarizing
• Pride in your work
• Satisfaction
Penalties for Students
• In the case of thesis
– the responsibility of plagiarism will be of the student
and :
– not of the supervisor or members of the Supervisory
• The offender may be:
– Rusticated from the University and
– from joining any institution of Higher Education in
Pakistan for a period as deemed appropriate by the
"Plagiarism Standing Committee”.
• The offender may be relegated to a lower class.
• The offender may be given a failure grade in the subject.
• The offender may be fined an amount as deemed
• The offender may be given a written warning if the
offence is minor and is committed for the first time.
• The degree of a student may be withdrawn if AT ANY
TIME it is proven that he or she has presented
Plagiarized work in his / her MS, MPhil or PhD
• The notification of the plagiarism by the author(s) may
be published in the print media and website
Penalties for Faculty
i. Major Penalty:
a. Dismissal from service – in cases where most of
the paper has been exactly copied without giving
reference to the original work
b. Black Listing- ineligible for employment in any
academic/research organization
c. Publicizing Black Listed- in print media
ii. Moderate Penalty
a. Demotion to the next lower grade- in cases
where some paragraphs including key results
have been copied without citation
b. Black Listing and publicizing them- in print
media and websites
iii. Minor Penalty
a. Warning – in case a few paragraphs have been
copied without citation
b. Freezing of all research grants
c. Stopping promotions/annual increments
Plagiarism Detection Software
Online HEC Recommended
123 Countries
Three Large Databases/Repositories
Collaborative Software
Spelling & Grammar Check, Peer Review, Grading,
Drafting, Supervisor Remarks about the Documents
To avoid penalty for plagiarism, let me make
it clear that this presentation was based upon
“ The Little Book on Plagiarism” produced
by Leeds Metropolitan University, UK