Development Challenges in Cambodia

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United Nations in Cambodia
Mr Douglas Broderick UN Resident Coordinator Cambodia
The UN cooperates with country partners
through many different entities
UNITED NATIONS:
A Brief History
24 October 1945
The UN Charter was ratified by the
majority of its 51 signatory States
Today
192 countries are members of the
United Nations
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE
UNITED NATIONS IN
CAMBODIA
The UN/Cambodia relationship dates
back to the 1950’s:
1951
UNESCO
1952
UNICEF
1953
WHO
1958
UNDP
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE
UNITED NATIONS IN
CAMBODIA
The UN and Cambodia in the 1970’s:
• Between 1975 and 1979, UN programmes in
Cambodia were suspended
 Early relief assistance began in 1979 (UNICEF
and the ICRC coordinated the response)
 UNDP, UNHCR, WFP, UNESCO and WHO
contributed to these emergency relief
operations
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE
UNITED NATIONS IN
CAMBODIA
1980s
Shift to a Rehabilitation
Phase, creation of UNBRO
1990s
UNCTAC and opening of all
UN Agencies
The way the UN now works
together in Cambodia
• One leader one team – the UNRC and the UN Country
Team
• One Programme – the UNDAF aligned with national
strategies
• One Management Practice – all agencies working
together
• One Communication and Advocacy – joint and
coordinated communication and advocacy
• One UN Learning – training and teacher or staff to work
better, smarter and in a more coordinated way, with
each other and with partners
A more coordinated UN is a more effective UN
4/8/2015
Cambodian Millennium Development Goals - CMDGs
Rectangular Strategy Phase II
National Strategic Development Plan 2009 - 2013
United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2011-2015
UNDAF Outcome 1:
Economic Growth
and Sustainable
Development
By 2015, more people
living in Cambodia
benefit from, and
participate in
increasingly equitable,
green diversified
economic growth
UNDAF Outcome 2:
Health and Education
UNDAF Outcome 3:
Gender
UNDAF Outcome 4:
Governance
UNDAF Outcome 5:
Social Protection
By 2015, more men,
women, children and young
people enjoy equitable
access to health and
education
By 2015, all women, men,
girls, and boys are
experiencing a reduction
in gender disparities and
progressively enjoying
and exercising equal
rights
By 2015, national and
subnational institutions
are more accountable and
responsive to the needs
and rights of all people
living in Cambodia and
increase participation in
democratic decision
making
By 2015, more people,
especially poor and
vulnerable benefit from
improved social safety net
(NNS) and social security
programmes, as an
integral part of a
sustainable national social
protection system
UN Agencies in Cambodia
Country Programme Action Plans (CPAPs), Biannual/Annual Work plans
4/8/2015
Cambodia Millennium Development Goals
Status of the CMDGs
CMDG1:
POVERTY/HUNGER
34
100
90
80
70
60 41
50
40
30
20
10
0
59
37
CMDG9: DEMINING/UXO
66
CMDG7:
ENVIRONMENT
CMDG6: HIV/AIDS OTHER
CMDG2: BASIC
EDUCATION
41
CMDG3: GENDER
EQUALITY
41
83
CMDG4: CHILD
MORTALITY
CMDG5: MATERNAL
HEALTH
UNDAF 2011 - 2015





Economic Growth and Sustainable
Development
Health and Education
Gender Equality
Governance
Social Protection
UNDAF Breakthrough Priorities
for resources and partnership
Within the UNDAF current priorities are:
• Nutrition
• Community based drug treatment
• Social protection
• Gender Based Violence
• Localised monitoring of CMDGs
• Human Capital and skills development
4/8/2015
UN Principles in action in
all countries
•
•
•
•
•
Human rights-based approach
(HRBA)
Gender equality
Environmental sustainability
Results-based management (RBM)
Capacity development
Would you like to know more?
• UN in Cambodia – www.un.org.kh including links to
individual UN agencies, the joint frameworks, CMDGs,
and other info.
• UN Development Group - www.undg.org
UN Guidelines, UN Reform, UN Coordination
• Millennium Development Goals, data and analysis,
global progress and trends www.un.org/millenniumgoals
• General UN Information – www.un.org
structure, function, organization, policy of the UN
globally
• Email us! Office of the Resident Coordinator:
[email protected] Tel: 216 167 ext 121
Very happy to answer any
questions you may have!
4/8/2015
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