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Federalism: Forging a
Nation
Chapter 3
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism: National and State
Sovereignty

The Argument for Federalism
 Authority
divided into two levels: national
and regional
 Protects
liberty
 Moderates
government power by sharing
 Strengthening
the union
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism: National and State
Sovereignty

The Powers of the Nation
 Enumerated
 17
powers
powerssecure defense & stable commerce
 Implied
powers
 “necessary
and proper” actionsgovernment
support
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism: National and State
Sovereignty

The Powers of the States
 Oversight
safety
of public morals, education, and
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism as a Governing
System, Figure 3-1
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism in Historical
Perspective

An Indestructible Union (1789-1865)
 The
nationalist view: McCulloch v. Maryland
(1819)
 The
states’-rights view: The Dred Scott
Decision (1857)
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism in Historical
Perspective

Dual Federalism and Laissez-Faire
Capitalism (1865-1937)
 Dual
Federalism: separation of national
from state power
 The
Fourteenth Amendment and State
Discretion
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism in Historical
Perspective
•
Dual Federalism and Laissez-Faire
Capitalism (1865-1937)
 Judicial
Protection of Business
 Supreme
 National
court restricted national power
Authority Prevails
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism in Historical
Perspective

Toward National Citizenship
 Equal
civil rights across all states
 Fourteenth
 Exceptions:
schools
Amendment
death penalty, quality of public
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism Today

Interdependency/Intergovernmental
 Cooperative
federalism: shared policy
responsibilities
 National,




state, and local levels work together
Medicaid: health insurance for the poor
Education
Law enforcement
Transportation
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism Today

Government Revenues and
Intergovernmental Relations
 Fiscal
Federalism
 Categorical
and Block Grants
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Federalism Today

A new Federalism: Devolution
 Budgetary
 The
Pressures and Public Opinion
Republican Revolution
 Devolution,
Judicial Style
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
The Public’s Influence

Setting the Boundaries of Federal-State
Power
 Roosevelt’s
“New Deal”jobs during the
Great Depression
 Lyndon
Johnson’s “Great
Society”increased social services
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
The Public’s Influence

Setting the Boundaries of Federal-State
Power
 Republican
successes in Congressional
elections due to public’s dissatisfaction with
the federal government
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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