WW II • WW II was going on for years before the US became involved. • Japan made the USA become involved on December 7, 1941. WW II • In a planned military attack on a Sunday morning, the naval base was attacked by the Japanese fighter pilots. • An African American soldier who served as a cook, fought off a few Japanese planes in the process, thus saving American lives. DORIE MILLER WW II After the attack at Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received permission from Congress to enter the war… and for the next 4 years, America helped her allies defeat their foreign enemies. WORLD WAR II ALLIED BIG THREE GREAT BRITAIN SOVIET UNION UNITED STATES AXIS BIG THREE GERMANY JAPAN ITALY WW II With the war close to an end, the US chose to utilize a secret weapon that HAD NEVER been used before in world history. ATOMIC BOMBS were dropped on two cities in Japan, which killed men, women, and babies. DID YOU KNOW? • JAPANESE AMERICANS WERE HELD IN PRISONS (INTERNMENT CAMPS ) DURING THE WAR. • OUR GOVERNMAENT GAVE REPARATIONS TO THE JAPANESE WHO WERE IMPRISONED. AFRICAN AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN WW II AA INVOLVEMENT IN WW II BENJAMIN O. DAVIS SR. BECAME THE FIRST A.A TO BECOME A GENERAL IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY GEN. BENJAMIN O DAVIS SR AA INVOLVEMENT IN WW II AFRICAN AMERICAN SOLDIERS WERE MAINLY USED IN NON-COMBAT DUTIES DURING THE START OF THE WAR. BUT WHEN THEY DID FIGHT, THEY PLAYED A BIG ROLE IN HELPING AMERICA WIN. AA INVOLVEMENT IN WW II THE AA SOLDIERS WERE STILL FACED DISCRIMINATION FROM THEIR FELLOW WHITE SOLDIERS WHILE THEY WERE FIGHTING OVER SEAS HOWEVER. AA INVOLVEMENT IN WW II THE BLACK SOLDIERS CREATED SOMETHING CALLED THE DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN TO SIGNIFY THAT THEY WERE FIGHTING TWO WARS AT THE SAME TIME. HARLEM HELL FIGHTERS ONE OF THE MORE POPULAR AA TROOPS THAT FOUGHT IN WW II WERE THE HARLEM HELL FIGHTERS. THE HARLEM HELL FIGHTERS RECEIVED THEIR NAME BECAUSE OF THE SKILLS THEY DISPLAYED IN BATTLE. HARLEM HELL FIGHTERS TUSKEGEE AIRMEN ANOTHER AA TROOP THAT HELPED TO SECURE VICTORY FOR AMERICA WERE THE TUSKEGGEE AIRMEN. THEY WERE AN ENTIRE BLACK REGIMENT OF FIGHTER PILOTS WHO WERE TRAINED AT TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE BY BENJAMIN O. DAVIS JR. BENJAMIN DAVIS JR TUSKEGEE AIRMEN THEY WERE NOT PERMITTED TO FIGHT AT FIRST, BUT WHEN ALFRED “CHIEF” ANDERSON TOOK THE FIRST LADY (ELANOR ROOSEVELT) FOR A TEST RIDE, SHE CONVINCED HER HUSBAND TO ALLOW THEM TO PARTICIPATE IN THE WAR.