Alexander’s Empire and Hellenistic Culture Global I * HSLPS * Mr. McEntarfer Aim: What is the legacy of Alexander the Great? • Do Now: Terms – • Hellenistic Civilization: The combination of Greek, Egyptian, Indian and Persian cultures through the conquests of Alexander the Great. The Peloponnesian War • Sparta and Athens declared outright war on each other for domination of Greece and national pride called the Peloponnesian War. • Athens would be defeated in the end, but it weakened all the Greek city-states allowing for invasion by Philip the II of Macedonia. Philip Builds Macedonian Power (142) • Phillip’s Army – Used the phalanx and a fast moving cavalry defeat Greek City States. • Assassination – Philip was assassinated and Alexander becomes king of Macedonia and Greece. He decides to expand his empire. Alexander Conquers • Alexander’s outnumbered army defeats Darius and his grand army at the Battle of Gaugamela. • Alexander conquers Persian controlled Egypt and is crowned __________. After that he turns to conquer India. • Before his death Alexander the Great’s Empire controls most of the known world in 326 BCE Alexander’s Legacy • Even though Alexander died and his empire he left a lasting legacy by spreading western civilization. • Alexander united most of the known world and started cultural diffusion and trade between Greece, Egypt, India and Persia. This became known as Hellenistic Civilization • Alexander founded many cities in the Greek Style • Alexander assimilated or adapted the cultures of the areas he conquered, worshipped at their temples and allowed them some self rule. Quiz The Phalanx back Greek Calvary Back Assassination Back Battle of Gaugamela. Back Alexander the Great’s Empire Back The “Known” World – 326 B.C.E. BACK Pergamum: A New “Hellenistic” City Cosmopolitan Culture Back Trade in the Hellenistic World Back Cultural Diffusion Back Quiz • How did the Peloponnesian War lead to Greece being invaded by Philip of Macedon? • What military formation did Philips army and later Alexander’s use to defeat Greece and the rest of the known world? • What happened to Phillip of Macedon? • What was the name of the battle in which Alexander the Great defeated Darius’s Persian Army? What concept is being shown here? Writing Assignment • Forming and supporting opinions: Read “Alexander’s Legacy on page 145. • Do you think that Alexander was worthy of the title “Great”? Explain using information from class.