Georgian era


Georgian era I

Maria, Michelle, Triin, Martin Jaan

The Georgian era - Georg I, Robert Walpole

George I

• King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1727 • Also the ruler of Hanover (Holy Roman Empire) • Was a really unpopular king

Robert Walpole

• He the first Prime Minister of Great Britain • Walpole did all he could to avoid war • The main objective of Walpole's policies was to achieve and maintain the country’s wealth

Georgian architecture

• Started to develop after the English baroque between 1720 and 1840. • The name derives from the 4 monarchs, George I-IV, who ruled, when the style flourished George III of the United Kingdom • One of the biggest influence was ,,Vitruvius Britannicus’’ by Colen Campbell

• Was highly influenced by the classical architecture • Palladianism, a philosophy of design based on the writings and work of Andrea Palladio who tried to recreate the style of the buildings of ancient Rome Andrea Palladio A palladian door • From the mid-1760s a variety of Neoclassical modes were fashionable • Later Georgian architecture is characterized by its proportion and balance • • The most common building materials used are brick or stone Commonly used colors were tan, white, or red

The main characteristics to keep in mind were :  simple 1 or 2 story box, 2 rooms deep, using strict symmetry setting  front door centered, topped with rectangular windows and capped with an elaborate crown with decorative pilasters  multi-pane windows never paired  fenestrations arranged vertically or horizontally, commonly 5 across Besides Britain, Georgian architecture was popular especially in America but also in Canada.

Provincial Georgian architecture, c. 1760. Northwold, Norfolk.

Dunfermline Law Courts in Dunfermline, Fife, completed in c.1762

Cornelius Low House built in 1741 in Piscataway, New Jersey

Jacobite revolts

Jacobite revolts

• The Jacobite Rebellion: • a battle of succession for the British throne, • a battle of religion. • The name is given to English and Scottish supporters of the exiled Stuart dynasty, in particular the Roman Catholic line of these Kings. • The name comes from Jacobus, the Latin name for King James VII.

• The Revolution started on April 4, 1689 and ended in 1747 James VII

• In 1688, two things sparked a revolt: • the birth of a heir, • and King James put into law the "Declaration of Indulgence“, which allowed Catholics and dissenters (any religion besides Protestant ) to worship freely. • The first battle was in 1689. The Jacobites under John Graham won, but John Graham himself was killed.

• In 1701, James VII died and James Frances Edward Stuart was now the rightful King of England. • The rebillion led by Earl of Mar began in 1715 • The Jacobite forces were mismanaged and split and all fighting was over by April 1716. • The final rebellion (1745) ended at Culloden, • a total disaster for the Scots.

The battle in 1715 The battle in 1745

Napoleonic Wars

• The Napoleonic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between France and other European nations in 1799-1815. • In 1798 expedition to conquer Egypt. • On March 27, 1802 the Treaty of Amiens Napoleon Bonaparte

• On 20 October, 1805 British Admiral Nelson wins the naval battle of Trafalgar. • In 1806 the Continental System. • In 1815 Napoleon surrenders to the English and is exiled to St. Helena.