The Rise and Fall of Napoleon Bonaparte

The Rise of Napoleon
The Rise
 Napoleon joined the French Army during
the revolution
 Napoleon was a member of the Artillery
 He first rose to prominence when an
army of Royalists tried to attack the
National Convention
 Napoleon greeted the Royalists with a
“whiff of grapeshot”
The Rise
 As a reward Napoleon was appointed
the leader of the French army that was
to attack the Austrians and the Kingdom
of Sardinia in 1796
 Napoleon used the tactic of the central
position to sweep back the Austrians and
The Rise
 Despite the military successes the
Directory had lost the confidence of the
people by 1799
 Napoleon moved 500 of his troops in to
one of the national legislature chambers
 The other chamber then voted to end the
 Thus started the Triumvirate
The Triumvirate
 The Triumvirate was an Executive
Council of three men
 Napoleon was one of the three
 Napoleon was now in control of the army
and was a major voice in the executive
branch of the government
A New War
 The British had organized a new anti-French
coalition while Napoleon gained power
 This second coalition made up of Britain,
Austria, and Russia
 Napoleon again led his army into battle and
defeated the Austrians and Russians
 The British fought on but eventually accepted
Emperor of the French
 In 1804, Napoleon became “Emperor of the French.”
Pope Pius VIII officiated at the ceremony, which took place
in the Cathedral of Notre Dame. As the pope prepared to
crown the emperor, Napoleon took the crown and placed it
on his head himself. By this gesture, Napoleon showed
that he did not bow to any authority.
 With Europe at peace Napoleon turned his attention to
 He proposed a new constitution and allowed the French
people to vote on it
 The French accepted his constitution which gave him all of
the real power in the republic as First Consul in 1800
Emperor of the French
 By 1802 Napoleon held another
plebiscite and was appointed Consul for
 In 1804 another Plebiscite made
Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon I
Emperor of the French
 Napoleon created a National Bank and
cut inflation
 He signed the Concordat with the Pope
Emperor of the French
 Napoleon welcomed back the émigrés
and the bourgeoisies was pleased as
Life with an Emperor
 Napoleon did several things that
benefited the people
Napoleonic Code
Public Programs
 He also turned away from some of the
beliefs of the revolution
No free elections
No free press
Napoleonic Code
 Napoleon’s greatest achievement in government was the
Napoleonic Code, which influenced French law to the
 It recognized that all men were equal before the law and
guaranteed freedom of religion as well as a person’s right
to work in any occupation.
 It put the interests of the state above those of individual
citizens. In addition, it dropped laws passed during the
revolution that had protected the rights of women and
children. The Napoleonic code reflected ancient Roman
law and made the man absolute head of the household
with control over all family property.
 Napoleon had brought pride back to the
French people through his military and
diplomatic gains
 Napoleon’s popularity lead to him being
proclaimed emperor by the people
 France had returned to an absolute
monarchy under Napoleon
 In your textbook read pg. 446 -452
 Answer Section Review questions 1-6
 Video
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