Causes and Reactions of
American Revolution
Smart Start:
• Can they tax your coke? Article
• Questions and discussion time
Questions to Article
• Prior Knowledge: What do you know about
how the government can tax? What can all
be taxed? Why does the government need
to tax its citizens?
• Information found while reading: (Facts and
Details/bullet points)
• Putting it together: What new information
did you learn from this article?
• Describe the relationship
between the colonists and the
mother country from 1607-1763
or so?
• What has happened and why the
change in feelings?
Partner Research (30
• You will be given one an event that is seen as
significant to the start of the American
• You and your partner will need to research
the 5 Ws and H (Who, What, When, Where,
Why.. And How)
• Be sure to be specific in information
researched and to utilize your book before
you go out to the internet!
List to choose
Navigation Acts
F and I War
Proclamation of 1763
Quartering Act
Sugar Act
Stamp Act
Townshend Act
Boston Massacre
Tea Act
Tea Party 
Intolerable Acts
Speech Time
• Create a speech to explain the
event, what is your reaction to the
event based on your side, what do
you feel should be done to fix, etc.
the actions, and what do feel should
be the next step
• Create a poster to show your
emotions of the event.
Speech Requirements
• Needs to represent character
given to you.
• Emotion, wording, etc.
What would be the first
event that would lead to
such hostility between
England and the
Did everyone feel this
way at first?
Create a foldable
• Road to the Revolution title
• Hot style fold
• One side Britain's actions
• One side Colonist’s reaction
1. Navigation Acts:
1660’s ,1673, etc
• Britain’s Action?
• Colonists reaction?
2. French and Indian
War 1754-1763
Britain's Actions
Colonist’s Reaction
3. Quartering Act
• Britain's Action
• Colonist’s Reaction
• After French and Indian War,
British under the law, colonists
had to provide housing, candles,
bedding, and beverages to
British soldiers stationed in the
This act was passed primarily in
response to the empires
defense and to collect the costs
in America following the French
and Indian War and Pontiac's
4. Proclamation of 1763
• Britain's action
• Colonist’s reaction
5. Sugar Act 1764
• British Action
• Colonist’s reaction
Colonists Reaction
• No Parts of England’s colonies
can be taxed without their
consent…every part has a right
to be represented
Quick Write:
• What does this quote mean???????
• What starts to become the reason
or rally cry for revolution?
6. STAMP ACT: 1765
Britain's Action
Colonists Reaction
• England’s reason
• Colonist’s actions?
Stop: What should we
have in our foldable?
• Questions we may have?
Boston Masacre
• British Reaction
• Colonists Reaction
Boston Massacre: 1770
The Boston massacre was no massacre
at all, but a Boston mob and a squad of
British soldiers.
• The riot took place on March 5, 1770.
• It was called a "massacre" because
several colonists were killed and several
others were wounded.
• REACTION????????
TEA ACT: 1770
• England’s Action
• Colonist’s reaction
The Boston Tea Party
• The Boston Tea Party was a raid by
American colonists on British ships in Boston
• It took place on December 16, 1773.
• A group of citizens disguised as Indians,
armed with tomahawks threw the contents of
342 chests of tea into the bay.
That’s IT!
Intolerable Acts
Britain's Actions
• Laws passed by Parliament in 1774 to punish
colonists in Massachusetts for the Boston Tea
• First: Angered by the Boston Tea Party (1773),
the British government passed the Boston Port
Bill, closing that city's harbor until restitution was
made for the destroyed tea.
• Second, the Massachusetts Government Act
abrogated the colony's charter of 1691, reducing
it to the level of a crown colony, substituting a
military government under Gen. Thomas Gage,
and forbidding town meetings with out approval.
Intolerable Acts Cont.
• The third, the Administration of Justice Act, was
aimed at protecting British officials charged with
capital offenses during law enforcement by
allowing them to go to England or another colony
for trial.
• The fourth Coercive Act included new
arrangements for housing British troops in
occupied American dwellings, thus reviving the
indignation that surrounded the earlier Quartering
Act, which had been allowed to expire in 1770.
• The Quebec Act, under consideration since 1773,
removed all the territory and fur trade between
the Ohio and Mississippi from possible colonial
jurisdiction and awarded it to the province of
Intolerable Acts Video
As you watch…
Imagine what you would have
done if you were your character
at this time.
Smart Start:
What events help lead
the colonists to
eventually revolt?
Primary Source
document go around
• There are 6 stations
• You will have at each station 34 mins. to find answers and
place on handout
• We will go over findings
So, now what? How mad
are we? Are we ready to
Who are: What is
Patriots (Name some VIP)
Loyalists (Give one reason one
would stay loyal to the mother
What Loyalists faced
Continental Congress
• The Intolerable Acts represented an
attempt to impose strict British
• After 10 years of vacillation, the
decision to be firm had came too
• Events and situation became the
justification for convening the First
Continental Congress later in that
same year of 1774.
What did the Continental
Congress decide?
1. Drafted 13 grievances to repeal
the acts done by Britain
2. Declared their rights violated
(Laws of Nature)
3. Boycott ALL English goods
4. No trade with England (Import
or Export)
5. Called for Militias
Patrick Henry’s Speech
• Questions:
Who are members of the
New Hampshire: John Sullivan, Nathaniel Folsom
Massachusetts Bay: John Adams, Samuel Adams, Thomas Cushing,
Robert Treat Paine
Rhode Island: Stephen Hopkins, Samuel Ward
Connecticut: Eliphalet Dyer, Roger Sherman, Silas Deane
New York: Isaac Low, John Alsop, John Jay, Philip Livingston, James
Duane, William Floyd, Henry Wisner, Simon Boerum
New Jersey: James Kinsey, William Livingston, Stephen Crane, Richard
Smith, John De Hart
Pennsylvania: Joseph Galloway, John Dickinson, Charles Humphreys,
Thomas Miffin, Edward Biddle, John Morton, George Ross
Delaware: Caesar Rodney, Thomas McKean, George Read Maryland:
Matthew Tilghman, Thomas Johnson, William Paca, Samuel Chase,
Robert Goldsborough
Virginia: Peyton Randolph, Richard Henry Lee, George Washington,
Patrick Henry, Richard Bland, Benjamin Harrison, Edmund Pendleton
North Carolina: William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, Richard Caswell South
Carolina: Henry Middleton, Thomas Lynch, Jr., Christopher Gadsden, John
Rutledge, Edward Rutledge
Let the War begin!!!
Lexington and Concord
• Shot heard around the world
(Quick read aloud)
• Page 143
• Paul Revere
• Lexington then Concord
• The American Revolution Had
1. Examine the military map of
the battles of Lexington and
Concord on page 143. Answer
the geography skills questions
2. Turn to page 144: Examine the
History through Art and answer
the question.
Shot heard around the
Bunker Hill
• Review
• How would you describe the year
• What is going on?
• Hint: take a look at notes
1. 2nd Continental Congress
2. Olive Branch Petition
3. Common Sense
4. Declaration of Independence
2nd Continental
Problems in the
What did this video show about
the 2nd Continental Congress
and the Revolution?
- we just started war against the most
powerful nation on the planet
• a document that declared the colonists'
loyalty to the British king.
• one of the last attempts to make peace
prior to the revolution.
• states that the colonists wanted the
Intolerable Acts repealed.
• King George III rejected the petition and
the colonists had no other choice but to
Common Sense
Written by Thomas Paine and published in
January of 1776.
• It advocated complete independence of Britain and it
followed the natural rights philosophy of John Locke,
justifying independence as the will of the people and
revolution as a device for bring happiness.
• Inspired the Declaration of Independence
• Paine argued that the political connection with England
was both unnatural and harmful to Americans.
Reconciliation would cause "more calamities" than it
would bring benefits.
• The welfare of America, as well as its destiny, in Paine's
view, demanded steps toward immediate independence.
Thomas Paine
• In 1776, the second Continental Congress
chose Thomas Jefferson to draft the
Declaration of Independence.
• Subcommittee, which included Benjamin
Franklin and John Adams, for their approval.
• Took seventeen days before the copy was
presented to Congress with the entire
subcommittee's approval.
3 Parts to DOI:
• Introduction and opening statements,
"We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men
are created equal, that they are endowed by their
creator with certain unalienable rights that among
these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
• The second part lists actions by the king that the
colonists considered wrong. It is a long list that
takes up most of the space in the Declaration of
• Part three is a small paragraph where the colonists
actually declare independence.
Declaration of
Video and Created Equal
• Pay special attention to how
Jefferson wrote the declaration
• Why was it so important to
write this document even
though the “war” was already
going on?
King George III parody