An Approach to Tithing Principle

Tithing Principle
Consider the Audience
Age - Child or Adult?
Experience – Where are they now?
Need – What do they want to know?
Mindset - Concrete or Abstract thinker?
Situation - Person in prosperity vs poverty?
Encounter - Personal study vs
What medium will you use?
Text – Self Discovery
Questions & Answer / Study
Discussion Group / Debate
Personal Tutor
Charismatic Speaker / Teacher
Which teaching approach?
 Literal proof text method
 Experiential – how tithe works for me
 Historic survey – how has it been applied /
interpreted over time
 Stewardship perspective – whole life
 Authority sources – the voice of prophets
 Grand Theme
What is a biblical theme?
A refrain, evident in one
story after another, to the
extent that the truth
becomes beyond a
Example - Biblical themes
The Story of Redemption
The Great Controversy
The Loving Father
The Remnant
What is the value of a theme?
 Themes are the silver threads that appear in
multiple stories over a long period of time.
 They create meaning
 They enable us to search for different levels
of understanding
 They enable us to interpret the text beyond
the simple literalism
What is the dominant theme
embraced in Adventism?
 The Great Controversy between Good & Evil
 A moral theology of right and wrong
 A theology consistent with Law
 A theology that requires Justice
 A theology that defines Grace as a gift to deal
with the inadequacy of mankind to deal with
the Sin problem
What are the disadvantages?
Over use / emphasis
Read into texts interpretations that
are not supported by the evidence
Blindness to other themes
Exclusiveness of conclusions
The stewardship theme:
 The God of Abundance
who overcomes scarcity
The God who provides
 Creation – It was Good to Very Good
 Eden – The creation of abundance / perfection
 Flood – A time of Scarcity
 7 Years Plenty vs Famine
 Provision of Manna
 Land flowing with Milk and Honey
 Earth made new
 Water to wine
 Feeding the 5000
 Cast your net on the other-side
Bible References to Tithing
 Gen 14:20
 Neh 12:44
 Lev 27:30-32
 Neh 13: 5,12
 Num 18: 24,26,28
 Amos 4:4
 Deut 12: 6, 11, 17
 Deut 14: 22, 23, 28
 Deut 26:12
 Mal 3:8-10
 Matt 23:23
 2 Chron 31:5,6,12
 Luke 16:12
 Neh 10:37,38
 Heb 7:5-9
What we Learn - Genesis 14:20
 Melchizadek – High Priest blessed the family of
 Abraham – Responded to the blessing
 Abraham – Tithed in the context of worship
 Abraham – Tithed “All”
 Contrast the requirements of the King of Sodom.....
 Keep the Tithe – and take the Person....
 Abraham declared that he would take nothing that
belonged to God
What we Learn - Leviticus 27:30-32
 The Chapter is about Redemption of the Sacred
 All of the Tithes: Seed/Fruit/Flocks
 The Tithe is Holy
 Price of withholding is 20% interest
 It is the first fruit – whether Good or Bad
 Any exchange makes the swap holy.
 In effect – there is no manipulation
 Tithe is Tithe it belongs to God.
What we learn - Numbers 18:24-28
 Duties of the Priests....
 Support of the Priests....
 Offerings with emphasis on the ‘first’
 Support of Priests, Work of the Tabernacle
 Eternal Covenant / Inheritance between the Tribes &
 The Levites were also to Tithe to Aaron
 Tithe not to be profaned
What we learn - Deuteronomy
 12:6-17 The Temple is the place where Tithes are
(It is not merely ‘sent’) it is associated with the
experience of Sacrifice and Repentance.
Every man should not do ‘what is right in his own eyes’.
14:22-28 Bring the Tithe of Produce or its Monetary
“That you may learn to fear the Lord – always”
“You and Your household may rejoice before the Lord”
26:12 Recount the story in worship of how God has
blessed his people.
What we learn - 2 Chron 31:5-12
 Tithing was part of the Reformation
 Followed the abandonment of Idolatry
 Restructuring of the Priesthood – segregation of
Appointment of Treasurers
“Since the people of brought Tithes and Offerings”
We have an abundance.....blessing
“Every work that began in the service of the house of
God, in the law and the commandment, to seek his
God, he did it with all his heart. So he prospered.”
What we learn - Nehemiah
 10 Reformation – a return to Ordinance and
 Descendant of Aaron – Storehouse concept
 We will not neglect the house of our God.
 12 Attitude of rejoicing toward the Levites and Temple
 13 System of Authority and Structure with regard to
the Storehouse. Appointment of Treasurers
 Associated with the aversion of trade on Sabbath.
What we learn – Amos 4:4
 Amos was a lay prophet challenged to speak to the
King / Priest / Israel
 He required of them accountability
 He challenged them to repent in the face of danger
 He challenged their abuse of power.
 Tithe & Offering......”For this you love”
What we learn – Malachi 3:8-10
 Return of Tithe is contextualised in the Coming
Messenger / Christ.
 Part of the preparation for the ‘coming’
 Part of the preparation for impending judgment.
 Contrast with evil people.. Adulterers, sorcerers..
 Placed in the context of the battle between Good and
 Restoration of Tithe results in a blessing on the people
and the nation.
What we learn – Matthew 23:23
Tithe in small things – which
should be done
But not without a
focus on Justice, Mercy and Faith
What we learn – Luke 16:12
 16 Faithfulness: If you can be honest
and accountable with the master’s gifts,
you will be honest and accountable
with your own.
 18 Humility - Bring the Tithe with
repentance and humility.
What we learn – Hebrews 7:5-9
 Melchizadek:
• King of Righteousness
• King of Peace
 Christ is the perpetual Priest King for eternity
 If honour/worship & tithe were due to Melchizadek,
and Levites, how much more valuable is honour and
worship to the New Priesthood?
7 Considerations:
 Ownership
 Example
 Eternal Destiny
 Emphasis
 Proportionality
 Totality
 Investment
God owns everything
Jesus gave everything
Our gifts are minor
1/6th of Christ’s teaching
Give as we prosper
NT model exceeds 10%
In the salvation of others
The BIG principle:
Put God first
Tithe is the first tenth of income.
(not any 10%, certainly not the last)
Attitude to Giving & Tithe
 Generously
 Faithfully
 Systematically
 Expectantly
 Thoughtfully
 Eternally
 Extravagantly
 Worshipfully
 Reverently
 Secretly / Humbly
 Proportionately
 Cheerfully
 Joyfully
 Sacrificially
 Willingly
 Excellently
 Regularly
Tithing makes sense:
when the heart is first consecrated.
in the context of stewardship
toward God’s ecology and
economy .
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