MIDDLE EAST CONFLICT THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT AP World History Unit 5 THE BRITISH IN PALESTINE, 1919-1947 In 1920, there was one Jew to every 10 Arabs in Palestine. By 1947, the ratio was two Arabs for every Jew. The Arabs felt that they were loosing control of “their” country. PALESTINE ARAB REVOLT 1936-1939 Goals of the revolt: End Jewish immigration to Palestine. End to the transfer of lands to Jewish owners. A new “general representative government.” The Peel Commission Partition Plan in 1937. ISRAEL WOULD BECAME A NATION ON MAY 14, 1948. WAR BEGINS ON MAY 15 AND ARABS FLEE THE REGION Israel in 1947 Israel in 1949 PALESTINIAN DIASPORA SUEZ CRISIS OF 1956 SIX-DAY WAR OF 1967 PALESTINIAN LIBERATION ORGANIZATION Yasser Arafat and Al Fatah YOM-KIPPER WAR IN OCTOBER 1973 CAMP DAVID PEACE ACCORDS OF 1979 1ST PALESTINIAN INTIFADA, 1987-1993 Intifada means uprising ISRAELI EXPANSION FROM 1948-1988 THE CONFLICT TODAY Today’s population distribution Israeli Government 82% Jewish 16% Arab The Knesset Palestinian Authority Yasser Arafat Mahmoud Abbas Current leader Hamas Former leader of the PLO and Al Fatah Islamic Resistance Movement The 1993 Oslo Peace Accords THE CONFLICT TODAY United States’ Impact Post World War II Six-Day War Today The Second Intifada in 2000. Arafat’s death in 2004. Gaza Strip Pullout in 2005.