File - English 20-1

Lord of the Flies
Ms. Chausse
Sound Track Song
• What song do you think is perfect for
this chapter?
• Who performs it?
• Why do you think it’s perfect for this
Music inspired by
The English heavy metal band Iron Maiden composed a song about the
novel, with the title "Lord of the Flies".
• The American hard rock band Aerosmith composed a song about a pimp and
his stable of women, with the title "Lord of the Thighs" which was a take off
and play on Lord of the Flies.
• The debut studio album, Boy, by Irish rock band U2 was loosely based on the
novel's theme of childhood corruption, and the final song on the album,
"Shadows and Tall Trees," takes its title from the novel's chapter of the same
name. Additionally, some printings of the book's cover are similar to the
cover of the album.[9]
• American punk rock band Bad Religion referenced the novel in the song
"1000 More Fools", from their 1988 album Suffer: "I've seen the rapture in a
starving baby's eyes, Inchoate beatitude, the Lord of the Flies".
• American punk rock group The Offspring referenced the title of the book on
their song "You're Gonna Go Far, Kid" off their latest studio effort, Rise and
Fall, Rage and Grace
• Nine Inch Nails “Piggy”
• Gatsby’s American Dream “Fable”
• Elton John “Lord of the Flies”
• Not confirmed:
• Moe’s album The Conch “Down Boy”
• Teenagers by MCR
Animal I Have Become--Three Days Grace
What I've Done--Linkin Park
Down With the Sickness--Disturbed
10000 fists--Genesis
Bat Country -- Avenged Sevenfold
t.v. Shows
• Lord of the Flies inspired Sunrise Animation's classic anime series
Infinite Ryvius, which follows the lives of nearly 500 teenagers
stranded aboard a space battleship.
• Also the "Das Bus" episode of The Simpsons is based on this
book. The episode Kamp Krusty also has several elements from
Lord of the Flies as well (a pig's head on a spear, kids using
primitive weapons and wearing war paint and a burning effigy).
• The "Club SpongeBob" episode of SpongeBob SquarePants, in
which he, Patrick, and Squidward are stranded in the woods and
rely on the "magic conch" for guidance.
• The ABC television show Lost has also shown loose similarities to
the book
The Simpsons
Meaning of
Characters Names
• Ralph: Derived from the Anglo-Saxon word for
“council” (government)
• Jack: Derived from Hebrew name Jacob which means
“supplanter” or “one who takes over”
• Piggy: His mean nickname (doesn’t even rate being
called by his real name). Pigs are the only animal to
hunt on the island. He is often vulnerable, reduced in
importance, and not respected
• Simon: Derived from Hebrew name Shim’on which
means “one who listens” or “one who observes”
Author’s Purpose
• “…finally getting the idea for Lord of the Flies after
reading a bedtime boys adventure story [The Coral
Island (1857) by R.M. Ballantyne] to his small
children. Golding wondered out loud to his wife
whether it would be a good idea to write such a story
but to let the characters ‘behave as they really
would.’ His wife thought that would be a ‘first class
idea.’ With that encouragement, Golding found that
writing the story, the ideas for which had been
germinating in his mind for some time, was simply a
matter of getting it down on paper.”
Coral Island
Chapter 1 Sound of
the Shell
• Introduced to
and our first
major symbol,
the conch
Chapter 2 Fire on the
• Find a way to
make fire. Fire
gets out of
control. Last we
see of the
mulberry boy.
Chapter 3 Huts on
the beach
• No one is pulling
their weight and
Ralph is upset. Jack
is preoccupied by
the idea of hunting
a pig.
• Miss opportunity
for rescue
Chapter 4 Painted
Faces Long hAIR
• Jack kills a pig. Smears
blood on faces. What
does this action
symbolize for Jack?
• Piggy is ostracized form
the feast by Jack. Simon
gives him his meat.
• Simon is becoming
more and more selfless
Chapter 5 Beast From
the Water
• Meeting called to discuss the “beast”
• Simon is to shy and in articulate, so when
he tries to explain mans essential illness no
one pays attention
• Jack questions Ralph’s authority.
• Importance of fire and rescue
Chapter 6 Beast from
the Air
• Samneric are
tending the fire on
the mountain and
see the “beast”
• Jack wants to hunt
the beast and
explore the island
Chapter 7 Shadows
and Tall Trees
• Ralph struggles with his physical
changes, long hair, dirty nails, etc.
• Ralph, Jack, and Roger go up to the
mountain and see the “beast”
Chapter 8 Gift for
the Darkness
• Hunters leave
tribute for the
• Simon interacts
with the Lord of
the Flies
• He realizes the true
nature of the beast
and faints
Chapter 9 A view to
• Jack’s tribe hosts feast and all attend
• Simon wants to tell them about the “beast”
and all the boys murder him.
Chapter 10 The Shell
and Glasses
• Boys attempt to justify their actions
and say it was an accident
• Jack’s tribe invades to steal Piggy’s
glasses not the conch
• Piggy is left blind
Chapter 11 Castle
• Jack’s tribe is painted and anonymous
• Ralph, Piggy, and twins bring conch to
Castle Rock and try to speak reason and
get Piggy’s glasses back.
• Twins are captured
• Roger takes it upon himself to murder
• They attack Ralph
Chapter 12 Cry of the
• Ralph tries to appeal to the twins but they
are too intimidated by Roger
• Stick Sharpened at both ends
• Twins inform tribe of Ralph’s hiding place,
they attempt to smoke him out and set the
whole island ablaze
• Ralph flees and runs to beach where he
finds a captain of the military
• They are rescued
Nobel Prize Review
• Plane crashed due to the war. They
were rescued because of the war,
while they were in the middle of a
war of their own.
Critical Approaches
to literature
• Formalist criticism
• Biographical criticism
• Historical criticism
• Gender criticism
• Psychological criticism
• Sociological criticism
• Mythological criticism
• Deconstructionist criticism
• Reader Response criticism
“Girls say to me, very reasonably, 'why isn't it a bunch of girls? Why did
you write this about a bunch of boys?' Well, my reply is I was once a little
boy - I have been a brother, a father, I am going to be a grandfather. I have
never been a sister, or a mother, or a grandmother. That's one answer.
Another answer is of course to say that if you - as it were - scaled down
human beings, scaled down society, if you land with a group of little boys,
they are more like a scaled-down version of society than a group of little
girls would be. Don't ask me why, and this is a terrible thing to say because
I'm going to be chased from hell to breakfast by all the women who talk
about equality - this is nothing to do with equality at all. I think women
are foolish to pretend they are equal to men, they are far superior and
always have been. But one thing you can't do with them is take a bunch of
them and boil them down, so to speak, into a set of little girls who would
then become a kind of image of civilization, of society. The other thing is why aren't they little boys AND little girls? Well, if they'd been little boys
and little girls, we being who we are, sex would have raised its lovely head,
and I didn't want this to be about sex. Sex is too trivial a thing to get in
with a story like this, which was about the problem of evil and the
problem of how people are to live together in a society, not just as lovers or
man and wife.”
• “Maybe there is a beast… maybe it's only us.”
• “The thing is - fear can't hurt you any more than a
• Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could
hunt and kill! You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you?
Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why
things are what they are?”
• We did everything adults would do. What went
• Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of
man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true,
wise friend called Piggy.”
• If faces were different when lit from above or below -what was a face? What was anything?”
• The world, that understandable and lawful world, was
slipping away.
• “Simon became inarticulate in his effort to express
mankind's essential illness.
• “They looked at each other, baffled, in love and hate.
• The rules!" shouted Ralph, "you're breaking the rules!” "Who
• They walked along, two continents of experience and feeling
unable to communicate.”
• Which is better--to have laws and agree, or to hunt and kill?”
• The mask was a thing on it's own, behind which Jack hid,
liberated from shame and self-consciousness.”
• The beast was harmless and horrible; and the news must reach the
others as soon as possible.”
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